Chaine Memorial

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Looking towards Chaine Memorial Tower and north along the Antrim Coast from a ferry entering Larne harbour.

The Chaine Memorial Tower in Larne, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, is a memorial to James Chaine, a former Member of Parliament for Antrim, who died in 1885. It is a cylindrical stone tower lighthouse with a conical roof, situated on the west side of entrance to Larne Lough.

Chaine developed Larne's short sea route to Scotland as well as establishing the town as a transatlantic port. The memorial, built in 1888, by public subscription, is a replica of an Irish round tower. The memorial is situated at the mouth of Larne harbour, and is reached via Chaine Memorial Road. There is access from Curran Road via Bay Road.

Plaque[edit]

The plaque which adorns the memorial is now difficult to read. It reads that the monument was erected by the...

"....contributions of every class in this mixed community irrespective of creed or party, all cordially united in esteem and affection for the Memory of JAMES CHAINE of Ballycraigy and Cairncastle Co. Antrim who represented this County in the Imperial Parliament of Great Britain and Ireland from February 1874 till 4 May 1885 when his early and lamented death in his 44th year of his age deprived his native County of one who had worked indefatigably for its interests especially in developing and improving the natural capabilities of the harbour of Larne and establishing its connection with Great Britain, the United States of America and with the inland parts of this County."

Lighthouse[edit]

Chain Tower
Sandy Point
Chaine Tower or The Pencil, Larne Harbour - geograph.org.uk - 407093.jpg
The tower at sunrise from Sandy Bay.
Chaine Memorial is located in Northern Ireland
Chaine Memorial
Northern Ireland
Location Larne
County Antrim
Northern Ireland
Coordinates 54°51′16″N 5°47′53″W / 54.854538°N 5.797976°W / 54.854538; -5.797976Coordinates: 54°51′16″N 5°47′53″W / 54.854538°N 5.797976°W / 54.854538; -5.797976
Year first constructed 1888
Year first lit 1899
Construction Annalong granite tower
Tower shape slim cylindrical tower with conical roof and light shown trought a window
Markings / pattern unpainted tower
Height 23 metres (75 ft)
Focal height 23 metres (75 ft)
Light source mains power
Characteristic Iso WR 5s.
Admiralty number A6031
NGA number 6984
ARLHS number NTI-004
Managing agent Commissioners of Irish Lights[1]

In 1885, the Memorial Committee for Chaine sought the assistance of the Commissioners of Irish Lights to help to build and maintain a tower, but they initially refused. Eventually it was agreed the Memorial Committee would build the replica round tower, without a light, at Sandy Point Bay, and the Larne Harbour authority would maintain it. The approved tower was completed in January 1888.[2]

In 1896 it was suggested that a light be added to the tower. As a result, the Commissioners of Irish Lights took over the tower and on 1 July 1899,[2] an oil powered navigational light was installed 22 metres up the tower (the tower being 28 metres in height). The light was installed to aid the navigation of the Hunter Rock, a submerged rock approximately 5 miles off shore. The light was de-manned[3] and converted to coal gas from the Larne mains gas supply in 1905, before finally being converted to electric in September 1935.[2] During April 1948 the supply was changed from DC to AC.

Responsibility for maintaining the light now falls under the remit of the attending keeper at Ferris Point Lighthouse on the other side of the Harbour.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chain Tower The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 7 May 2016
  2. ^ a b c Long, Bill (1997). Bright Light, White Water. The Lighthouses of Ireland. New Island Books, Dublin. pp. 181–2. 
  3. ^ Eagle, John (2010). Ireland's Lighthouses: a Photo Essay. Collins Press, Cork. p. 151. 

External links[edit]