Chairman of the NATO Military Committee

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Chairman of the NATO Military Committee
Coat of arms of the Chairman of the NATO Military Committee.svg
Coat of arms
Stuart Peach in dress uniform.jpg
Incumbent
Air Chief Marshal Sir Stuart Peach

since 29 June 2018
NAC
Member of  NATO
Reports to Secretary General of NATO
Term length 3 years
Formation 1949
First holder General Omar Bradley
Deputy Deputy Chairman of the NATO Military Committee
Website NATO

The Chairman of the NATO Military Committee (CMC) is the head of the NATO Military Committee, which advises the North Atlantic Council (NAC) on military policy and strategy. He is the senior military spokesman of the 29-nation alliance and principal advisor to the Secretary General. The Chairman is one of the foremost officials of NATO, next to the Secretary General and the Supreme Allied Commander Europe. He is assisted by the Deputy Chairman, who advises the Deputy Secretary General and serves as the principal agent for coordination of nuclear, biological, and chemical matters for the Military Committee.[1]

The current Chairman of the NATO Military Committee is Air Chief Marshal Stuart Peach, former Chief of Defence Staff of the British Armed Forces, who took office on 29 June 2018. [2]

Origins[edit]

In accordance with Article 9 of the North Atlantic Treaty and the guidance given by the Working Group on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization during the first Council session in Washington in 1949, the Defence Committee rapidly established the Military Committee.[3] During its few sessions held behind closed doors in Washington, the Military Committee gave policy guidance on military matters to the Standing Group, and advice on military questions to the Defence Committee and other bodies, and it recommended military measures for the unified defence of the North Atlantic region to the Defence Committee. The Military Committee was directly subordinate to the Defence Committee, and each member nation was represented by its chief of staff or a deputy. Iceland, which had no military forces, was represented by a civilian. Each member state in turn held the Chair of the Military Committee for one year (C1 D-1/2,[4] DC 1/2[5]).

General Knud Bartels in 2014

Two other groups which also sat in Washington came directly under the Military Committee:

  • the Standing Group, the executive body, set up at the beginning, responsible for Military Committee everyday business;
  • the Military Representatives Committee (MRC), created at the end of 1950, to ensure communication of information and points of view between the Standing Group and Alliance member states not represented on it.

Appointment[edit]

The Chairman of the Military Committee is elected from among the NATO Chiefs of Defence and appointed for a three-year term of office. He must have served as Chief of defence – or an equivalent capacity – in his own country and is traditionally a non-US officer of four-star rank or national equivalent.[6]

The Chairman of the Military Committee chairs all meetings and acts in an international capacity. In his absence, the Deputy Chairman of the Military Committee takes the chair. The current Chairman is United Kingdom Air Chief Marshal Stuart Peach.

List[edit]

Since the formation of NATO, its Military Chairmen have been:[7]

NATO Military Committee in Chiefs-of-Staff Session (1949-1963)[edit]

Chairman of the NATO Military Committee Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Nationality
1
Omar Bradley
Bradley, OmarGeneral of the Army
Omar Bradley
(1893–1981)
4 April 19492 April 19511 year, 363 daysMilitary service mark of the United States Army.png
United States Army
United States United States
2
Etienne Baele
Baele, EtienneLt. General
Etienne Baele
(1891–1975)
2 April 195119520–1 yearsFlag of the Belgian Land Component.svg
Belgian Army
Belgium Belgium
3
Charles Foulkes
Foulkes, CharlesLt. General
Charles Foulkes
(1903–1969)
195219530–1 yearsLesser badge of the Canadian Army.svg
Canadian Army
Canada Canada
4
Erhard J.C. Qvistgaard
Qvistgaard, E.J.C.Admiral
Erhard J.C. Qvistgaard
(1898–1980)
195319540–1 yearsEmblem of the Royal Danish Navy.svg
Royal Danish Navy
Denmark Denmark
5
Augustin Guillaume
Guillaume, AugustinGeneral
Augustin Guillaume
(1895–1983)
195419550–1 yearsLogo of the French Army (Armee de Terre).svg
French Army
France France
6
Stylianos Pallis
Pallis, StylianosGeneral
Stylianos Pallis
195519560–1 yearsHellenicArmySeal.svg
Hellenic Army
Greece Greece
7
Giuseppe Mancinelli
Mancinelli, GiuseppeGeneral
Giuseppe Mancinelli
(1895–1976)
19561 January 19570–1 yearsCoat of arms of the Esercito Italiano.svg
Italian Army
Italy Italy
8
Ben Hasselman
Hasselman, BenGeneral
Ben Hasselman
(1898–1984)
1 January 19571 February 19581 year, 31 daysFlag of the Royal Netherlands Army.svg
Royal Netherlands Army
Netherlands Netherlands
9
Bjarne Øen
Øen, BjarneLt. General
Bjarne Øen
(1898–1994)
1 February 195819590–1 yearsRoyal Norwegian Air Force logo.svg
Royal Norwegian Air Force
Norway Norway
10
J.A. Beleza Ferraz
Ferraz, J.A. BelezaGeneral
J.A. Beleza Ferraz
(1901–?)
195919600–1 yearsMilitary CoA of Portugal.svg
Portuguese Army
Portugal Portugal
11
Rüştü Erdelhun
Erdelhun, RüştüGeneral
Rüştü Erdelhun
(1894–1983)
19603 June 19600 yearsFlag of Turkish Land Forces Command.svg
Turkish Land Forces
Turkey Turkey
12
Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Mountbatten, LouisAdmiral of the Fleet
Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
(1900–1979)
3 June 196019610–1 yearsNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Royal Navy
United Kingdom United Kingdom
13
Lyman Lemnitzer
Lemnitzer, LymanGeneral
Lyman Lemnitzer
(1899–1988)
196119620–1 yearsMilitary service mark of the United States Army.png
United States Army
United States United States
14
Charles Paul de Cumont
de Cumont, Charles PaulLt. General
Charles Paul de Cumont
(1902–1990)
1962December 19630–1 yearsFlag of the Belgian Land Component.svg
Belgian Army
Belgium Belgium

NATO Military Committee in Permanent Session (1958-1963)[edit]

Chairman of the NATO Military Committee Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Nationality
1
Ben Hasselman
Hasselman, BenGeneral
Ben Hasselman
(1898–1984)
1 February 1958April 19613 years, 2 monthsFlag of the Royal Netherlands Army.svg
Royal Netherlands Army
Netherlands Netherlands
2
Adolf Heusinger
Heusinger, AdolfGeneral
Adolf Heusinger
(1897–1982)
April 1961December 19632 years, 8 monthsBundeswehr Logo Heer with lettering.svg
West German Army
Germany West Germany

NATO Military Committee (1963-present)[edit]

Chairman of the NATO Military Committee Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Nationality
1
Adolf Heusinger
Heusinger, AdolfGeneral
Adolf Heusinger
(1897–1982)
December 19631 April 19644 monthsBundeswehr Logo Heer with lettering.svg
West German Army
Germany West Germany
2
Charles Paul de Cumont
de Cumont, Charles PaulLt. General
Charles Paul de Cumont
(1902–1990)
1 April 19641 June 19684 years, 61 daysFlag of the Belgian Land Component.svg
Belgian Army
Belgium Belgium
3
Sir Nigel Henderson
Henderson, NigelAdmiral
Sir Nigel Henderson
(1909–1993)
1 June 19681 April 19712 years, 304 daysNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Royal Navy
United Kingdom United Kingdom
4
Johannes Steinhoff
Steinhoff, JohannesGeneral
Johannes Steinhoff
(1913–1994)
1 April 197128 June 19743 years, 88 daysBundeswehr Logo Luftwaffe with lettering.svg
West German Air Force
Germany West Germany
5
Sir Peter Hill-Norton
Hill-Norton, PeterAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Peter Hill-Norton
(1915–2004)
28 June 197420 March 19772 years, 265 daysNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Royal Navy
United Kingdom United Kingdom
6
Herman Fredrik Zeiner-Gundersen
Zeiner-Gundersen, Herman FredrikGeneral
Herman Fredrik Zeiner-Gundersen
(1915–2002)
20 March 197719802–3 yearsNorwegian army coat of arms.svg
Norwegian Army
Norway Norway
7
Robert Hilborn Falls
Falls, Robert HilbornAdmiral
Robert Hilborn Falls
(1924–2009)
1980November 19832–3 yearsNaval Ensign of Canada.svg
Canadian Maritime Command
Canada Canada
8
Cor de Jager
de Jager, CornelisGeneral
Cor de Jager
(1925–2001)
November 198330 September 19862 years, 333 daysFlag of the Royal Netherlands Army.svg
Royal Netherlands Army
Netherlands Netherlands
9
Wolfgang Altenburg
Altenburg, WolfgangGeneral
Wolfgang Altenburg
(born 1928)
30 September 19865 September 19892 years, 340 daysBundeswehr Logo Heer with lettering.svg
West German Army
Germany West Germany
10
Vigleik Eide
Eide, VigleikGeneral
Vigleik Eide
(1933–2011)
5 September 198931 December 19923 years, 117 daysNorwegian army coat of arms.svg
Norwegian Army
Norway Norway
11
Sir Richard Vincent
Vincent, RichardField Marshal
Sir Richard Vincent
(born 1931)
1 January 199314 February 19963 years, 45 daysFlag of the British Army (1938-present).svg
British Army
United Kingdom United Kingdom
12
Klaus Naumann
Naumann, KlausGeneral
Klaus Naumann
(born 1939)
14 February 19966 May 19993 years, 81 daysBundeswehr Logo Heer with lettering.svg
German Army
Germany Germany
13
Guido Venturoni
Venturoni, GuidoAdmiral
Guido Venturoni
(born 1934)
6 May 199930 June 20023 years, 55 daysCoat of arms of Marina Militare.svg
Italian Navy
Italy Italy
14
Harald Kujat
Kujat, HaraldGeneral
Harald Kujat
(born 1942)
1 July 200217 June 20052 years, 351 daysBundeswehr Logo Luftwaffe with lettering.svg
German Air Force
Germany Germany
15
Raymond Henault
Henault, RaymondGeneral
Raymond Henault
(born 1949)
17 June 200527 June 20083 years, 10 daysAir Force Ensign of Canada.svg
Canadian Air Command
Canada Canada
16
Giampaolo Di Paola
Di Paola, GiampaoloAdmiral
Giampaolo Di Paola
(born 1944)
27 June 200818 November 20113 years, 144 daysCoat of arms of Marina Militare.svg
Italian Navy
Italy Italy
-
Walter E. Gaskin
Gaskin, Walter E.Lt. General
Walter E. Gaskin
(born 1951)
Acting
18 November 20112 January 201245 daysEmblem of the United States Marine Corps.svg
United States Marine Corps
United States United States
17
Knud Bartels
Bartels, KnudGeneral
Knud Bartels
(born 1952)
2 January 201226 June 20153 years, 175 daysCoat of arms of the Royal Danish Army.svg
Royal Danish Army
Denmark Denmark
18
Petr Pavel
Pavel, PetrGeneral
Petr Pavel
(born 1961)
26 June 201529 June 20183 years, 3 daysLogo of the Czech Armed Forces.svg
Army of the Czech Republic
Czech Republic Czech Republic
19
Sir Stuart Peach
Peach, StuartAir Chief Marshal
Sir Stuart Peach
(born 1956)
29 June 2018Incumbent46 daysAir Force Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Royal Air Force
United Kingdom United Kingdom

Deputy Chairman[edit]

Deputy Chairman of the NATO Military Committee
Coat of arms of the Deputy Chairman of the NATO Military Committee.svg
Coat of arms
StevenShepro.png
Incumbent
Lt Gen Steven Shepro

since Nov 4, 2016[8]
Member of  NATO
Reports to Chairman of the NATO Military Committee, Deputy Secretary General of NATO
Formation 1967
First holder Lt Gen T. R. Milton [9]
Website NATO

The Deputy Chairman of the NATO Military Committee (DCMC) is the deputy head of the NATO Military Committee.

The current Deputy Chairman of the NATO Military Committee is Lieutenant General Steven Shepro, former Vice Director of Strategic Plans and Policy (J5) of the U.S. Joint Staff in Washington, D.C. He is the 21st Deputy Chairman and took office on November 4, 2016.

Role[edit]

The DCMC assists the Chairman, advises the Deputy Secretary General[10] and serves as the principal agent for coordination of nuclear, biological, and chemical matters for the Military Committee.[11] Finally, in the Chairman's absence, the Deputy Chairman directs the daily operations and business of the Military Committee, NATO's highest military authority.[12][13]

The Deputy Chairman, always a US general or flag officer, provides a particular and ideal vantage point to serve the Alliance's Transatlantic bond. Having unique and relevant access to U.S. nuclear information coupled with an intimate relationship with NATO's 29 members offers distinctive opportunities to provide best military advice, especially pertaining to nuclear matters.[14] While being a U.S. officer, the individual serves in an international capacity to represent the interests of the Alliance.

History[edit]

A Chairman position was initially established without a Deputy, but as the command structure evolved and the demands on the Chairman increased, the need for a Deputy became obvious.

The Deputy's origins come from within the structure of the International Military Staff[15] (IMS) as the 1963 Military Committee reforms provided the Director of the IMS a vice-director who held "special responsibilities for nuclear matters."[16] This office was always an American to link the United States and NATO in nuclear strategy.[17] Two dynamics served as the catalyst to establish the Deputy Chairman position on the Military Committee as it reflects today: 1. When the Chairman was away from Brussels, using a Military Representative within the Military Committee as a substitute proved unviable due to the conflict of simultaneously representing the interests of the Military Committee at large and one's own national interests and 2. the Military Committee did not want to create additional high-ranking officer positions to resolve the first issue. As a solution, the Military Committee elected to eliminate the Vice Director of the IMS position and simultaneously establish a new post of Deputy Chairman of the Military Committee. The Deputy position would still maintain the special responsibility for nuclear matters and remain a U.S. officer as established for the Vice-Director position. The NAC approved the proposal on January 6, 1967, to formally establish the position of Deputy Chairman of the Military Committee.[18]

List[edit]

Since the establishment of the Deputy Chairman position in 1967, there have been 9 from the Air Force, 5 from the Army, 4 from the Navy, and 2 from the Marine Corps. The deputy chairman have been: [19]

Deputy Chairman of the NATO Military Committee Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch
1
T. R. Milton[20]
Milton, T. R.Lieutenant General
T. R. Milton[20]
(1915–2010)
March 1969August 19712 years, 5 monthsMilitary service mark of the United States Air Force.svg
United States Air Force
2
Edward Rowny
Rowny, EdwardLieutenant General
Edward Rowny
(1917–2017)
August 1971March 19731 year, 7 monthsMilitary service mark of the United States Army.png
United States Army
3
Charles. S. Minter
Minter, C. S.Vice Admiral
Charles. S. Minter
(1915–2008)
March 1973August 19741 year, 5 monthsEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
United States Navy
4
Richard F. Schaefer[21]
Schaefer, RichardLieutenant General
Richard F. Schaefer[21]
(born 1919)
August 1974June 197510 monthsMilitary service mark of the United States Air Force.svg
United States Air Force
5
Martin G. Colladay[22]
Colladay, MartinLieutenant General
Martin G. Colladay[22]
(1925–2003)
June 1975August 19772 years, 2 monthsMilitary service mark of the United States Air Force.svg
United States Air Force
6
George G. Cantlay[23]
Cantlay, GeorgeLieutenant General
George G. Cantlay[23]
(1938–1999)
August 1977August 19792 yearsMilitary service mark of the United States Army.png
United States Army
7
Lincoln D. Faurer
Faurer, LincolnLieutenant General
Lincoln D. Faurer
(1928–2014)
August 1979March 19811 year, 7 monthsMilitary service mark of the United States Air Force.svg
United States Air Force
8
Sinclair L. Melner
Melner, S.Lieutenant General
Sinclair L. Melner
June 1981June 19843 years, 3 monthsMilitary service mark of the United States Army.png
United States Army
9
P. S. Williams
Williams, P.Lieutenant General
P. S. Williams
June 1984May 19861 year, 11 monthsMilitary service mark of the United States Army.png
United States Army
10
J. T. Howe
Howe, J.Vice Admiral
J. T. Howe
June 1986June 19871 yearEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
United States Navy
11
Robert D. Beckel[24]
Beckel, RobertLieutenant General
Robert D. Beckel[24]
(born 1937)
June 1987January 19902 years, 7 monthsMilitary service mark of the United States Air Force.svg
United States Air Force
12
Charles P. Otstott
Otstott, CharlesLieutenant General
Charles P. Otstott
(born 1937)
February 1990June 19922 years, 5 monthsMilitary service mark of the United States Army.png
United States Army
13
N. W. Ray
Ray, N. W.Vice Admiral
N. W. Ray
June 1992November 19953 years, 5 monthsEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
United States Navy
14
Nicholas Kehoe
Kehoe, NicholasLieutenant General
Nicholas Kehoe
(born 1943)
November 1995September 19982 years, 10 monthsMilitary service mark of the United States Air Force.svg
United States Air Force
15
Michael J. Byron[25]
Byron, MichaelLieutenant General
Michael J. Byron[25]
(born 1941)
September 1998April 20012 years, 7 monthsEmblem of the United States Marine Corps.svg
United States Marine Corps
16
Malcolm I. Fages[26]
Fages, MalcolmVice Admiral
Malcolm I. Fages[26]
May 2001April 20043 yearsEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
United States Navy
17
Thomas L. Baptiste[27]
Baptiste, ThomasLieutenant General
Thomas L. Baptiste[27]
April 2004April 20073 yearsMilitary service mark of the United States Air Force.svg
United States Air Force
18
Karl W. Eikenberry
Eikenberry, KarlLieutenant General
Karl W. Eikenberry
(born 1951)
April 2007May 20092 years, 1 monthMilitary service mark of the United States Army.png
United States Army
19
Walter E. Gaskin
Gaskin, WalterLieutenant General
Walter E. Gaskin
May 2009August 20134 years, 3 monthsEmblem of the United States Marine Corps.svg
United States Marine Corps
20
Mark O. Schissler[28]
Schissler, MarkLieutenant General
Mark O. Schissler[28]
August 2013November 20163 years, 3 monthsMilitary service mark of the United States Air Force.svg
United States Air Force
21
Steven M. Shepro[29]
Shepro, StevenLieutenant General
Steven M. Shepro[29]
November 2016Incumbent1 year, 9 monthsMilitary service mark of the United States Air Force.svg
United States Air Force

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_69471.htm, NATO: Deputy Chairman of the Military Committee (DCMC), Jan 19, 2016, retrieved Feb 22, 2018.
  2. ^ https://www.defensenews.com/smr/nato-priorities/2018/06/29/nato-has-a-new-top-military-adviser/
  3. ^ Description at NATO Archives site. http://archives.nato.int/military-committee;isad
  4. ^ "FIRST SESSION - REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON ORGANISATION AS ADOPTED BY THE COUNCIL ON SEPTEMBER 17TH, 1949 - NATO Archives Online". Archives.nato.int. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  5. ^ "Directive To The Military Committee (Mc) - Nato Archives Online". Archives.nato.int. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  6. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_49152.htm?selectedLocale=en, NATO: Chairman of the Military Committee, Dec 7, 2017, retrieved Feb 20, 2018.
  7. ^ NATO. "Chairmen of the NATO Military Committee". NATO. Retrieved 14 February 2018. 
  8. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/news_137234.htm, NATO, Nov 4, 2016, retrieved Feb 15, 2018.
  9. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/who_is_who_139939.htm, NATO, Jan 10, 2017, retrieved Feb 15, 2018.
  10. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/who_is_who_62218.htm, NATO Deputy Secretary General, Feb 14, 2012, retrieved Feb 15, 2018.
  11. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_69471.htm, Deputy Chairman of the Military Committee (DCMC), Jan 19, 2016, retrieved Feb 15, 2018.
  12. ^ https://www.nato.int/nato_static_fl2014/assets/pdf/pdf_publications/20170213_2016-nato-encyclopedia-eng.pdf, NATO Encyclopedia, 2016, p. 338, retrieved Feb 15, 2018.
  13. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_49152.htm,NATO: Chairman of the Military Committee, Dec 7, 2017, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  14. ^ Douglas S. Bland, 'The Military Committee of the North Atlantic Alliance: A Study of Structure and Strategy,' New York, Praeger, 1991, p. 182.
  15. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_64557.htm?, NATO International Military Staff, Jun 15, 2017, retrieved Feb 15, 2018.
  16. ^ Douglas S. Bland, 'The Military Committee of the North Atlantic Alliance: A Study of Structure and Strategy,' New York, Praeger, 1991, p. 181.
  17. ^ Douglas S. Bland, 'The Military Committee of the North Atlantic Alliance: A Study of Structure and Strategy,' New York, Praeger, 1991, p. 181.
  18. ^ Douglas S. Bland, 'The Military Committee of the North Atlantic Alliance: A Study of Structure and Strategy,' New York, Praeger, 1991, p. 182.
  19. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_69471.htm, NATO, Jan 10, 2016, retrieved Feb 15, 2018.
  20. ^ http://www.af.mil/About-Us/Biographies/Display/Article/106228/general-tr-milton/, General T. R. Milton Biography, retrieved Feb 15, 2018.
  21. ^ http://www.af.mil/About-Us/Biographies/Display/Article/105652/lieutenant-general-richard-f-shaefer/,US Air Force, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  22. ^ http://www.af.mil/About-Us/Biographies/Display/Article/107427/lieutenant-general-martin-g-colladay/,US Air Force Biographies, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  23. ^ http://apps.westpointaog.org/Memorials/Article/13573/,US Military Academy Association of Graduates,Cullum No. 13573, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  24. ^ http://www.af.mil/About-Us/Biographies/Display/Article/107761/lieutenant-general-robert-d-beckel/,US Air Force Biographies, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  25. ^ https://www.nato.int/cv/milrep/us/byron-e.htm,NATO,Nov 16, 1999, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  26. ^ https://www.nato.int/cv/dmilcom/fages.htm,NATO, Sep 12, 2002, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  27. ^ http://www.af.mil/About-Us/Biographies/Display/Article/107764/lieutenant-general-thomas-l-baptiste/,US Air Force Biographies, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  28. ^ p://www.af.mil/About-Us/Biographies/Display/Article/107994/lieutenant-general-mark-o-schissler/,US Air Force Biographies, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  29. ^ http://www.af.mil/About-Us/Biographies/Display/Article/108594/brigadier-general-steven-m-shepro/,US Air Force Biographies, retrieved Feb 15, 2018

Further reading[edit]

  • Douglas S. Bland, 'The Military Committee of the North Atlantic Alliance: A Study of Structure and Strategy,' New York, Praeger, 1991.