Chairman of the National Defence Commission
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|First Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea|
|Appointer||Supreme People's Assembly|
|Inaugural holder||Kim il-sung|
|Formation||9 September 1948|
|Chairman of the National Defence Commission|
|Chosŏn'gŭl||조선민주주의인민공화국 국방위원회 위원장|
|Revised Romanization||Joseon minjujuui inmin( )gonghwaguk gukbang( )wiwonhoe wiwonjang|
|McCune–Reischauer||Chosŏn minjujuŭi inmin'gonghwaguk kukpangwiwŏnhoe wiwŏnjang|
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The First Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea is the supreme commander of the armed forces of North Korea and the most powerful person in the government.
The post was first called as Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. It was confirmed as the highest position in the country on 5 September 1998. The Supreme People's Assembly (SPA) elects the Chairman for a period of five years. The election is held immediately subsequent to the election of a new People's Assembly.
The past holder of the position was Kim Jong-il, who was elected on 9 April 1993, running unopposed, and was re-elected on 1998, 2003 and 2009. He died on 17 December 2011. On 13 April 2012, during the session of the Supreme People's Assembly, Kim Jong-il was designated as "Eternal Chairman of the National Defence Commission of North Korea", while his son, Kim Jong-un was appointed as the "First Chairman".
On 24 December 2011, the Politburo of the Workers' Party of Korea formally appointed Kim Jong-un as the Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army.
Legal and Constitutional Position
There is debate as to whether "highest office of state" should be considered equivalent to head of state. Kim Il-sung, the first leader of North Korea, was declared Eternal President, but it appears that the office is a facet of his extensive cult of personality. The Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly, who handles the diplomatic functions that a head of state might normally undertake, is also sometimes considered the head of state. However, in a 2009 amendment to the country's 1972 constitution named the Chairman of the National Defense Commission as the "supreme leader of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea." This means the chairman of said Commission is the highest government official in the country. In reality, the chairman holds absolute authority in governing the country.
Powers and responsibilities
Here are the duties and functions of the Chairman of the National Defense Commission as the supreme leader of North Korea.
- Direct the overall affairs of the State;
- Personally guide the work of the National Defence Commission;
- Appoint or remove key cadres in the field of national defence;
- Ratify or rescind major treaties concluded with other countries;
- Exercise the right of granting special pardon;
- Proclaim a state of emergency, a state of war and mobilization order within the country.
"The NDC chairmanship is the highest post of the state with which to organize and lead the work of defending the state system of the socialist country and the destinies of the people and strengthening and increasing the defense capabilities of the country and the state power as a whole through command over all the political, military and economic forces of the country. It is also a sacred, important post which symbolizes and represents the honor of our country and the dignity of the nation. For Kim Jong Il to continue to take the heavy responsibilities as NDC Chairman and lead the work of national defense for the supreme interests of the state is a requirement of the Korean revolution and a unanimous desire of the Korean people who have deeply felt his greatness in the practice of the protracted revolutionary struggle and who have cherished absolute trust in him through this"
— Kim Yong-nam, 10th Supreme People's Assembly
|Kim Il-sung||28 December 1972 - 9 April 1993||15 April 1912 - 8 July 1994 (aged 82)|
|Kim Jong-il||9 April 1993 – Incumbent (eternal Chairman)||16 February 1941 – 17 December 2011 (aged 70)|
|Kim Jong-un.||13 April 2012 – Present||8 January 1983 – Present (age 30)|
- "DPRK's Kim Jong Un elected first chairman of National Defense Commission". People's Daily Online. April 14, 2012. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
- National Defense Commission- NK Leadership Watch