Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress

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Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg
Li Zhanshu in 2016.jpg
Li Zhanshu

since 17 March 2018
TypePresiding officer
AppointerNational People's Congress
Term length5 years,
renewable once consecutively
Formation27 September 1954; 67 years ago (1954-09-27)
First holderLiu Shaoqi
Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
Traditional Chinese全國人民代表大會常務委員會委員長
Simplified Chinese全国人民代表大会常务委员会委员长
Officially abbreviated as
Traditional Chinese全國人大常委會委員長
Simplified Chinese全国人大常委会委员长

The Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress is the presiding officer of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPCSC), highest organ of state power and top legislative body in the People's Republic of China (PRC). The incumbent chairman is Li Zhanshu.

From 1998 to 2013, the position was ranked second in China's political hierarchy since Li Peng was barred from seeking a third term as premier in 1998. In the political order of precedence, the chairman ranks below the General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party and president. Since 2013 the chairman has ranked below the premier, Li Keqiang. The ranking of this position is not necessarily reflective of its actual power, which varies depending on the officeholder.


The position holds reserve constitutional powers under the 1982 revision of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China. As stipulated in Article 84 of the Constitution, should both the President and Vice-President become incapacitated, and the National People's Congress is unable to elect a timely replacement, the Chairman of the NPC Standing Committee will act as President.[1]

From 1975 to 1983, the Chairman of the Standing Committee served as head of state of the People's Republic of China, as the presidency had been written out of the 1975 constitution and was also excluded from the 1978 draft. Theoretically, during the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests, the NPC Chairman at the time, Wan Li, had the power to call an emergency session of the NPC to resolve the issue constitutionally. However, Wan's freedom of movement was restricted, and ultimately rendered powerless in the situation.

List of chairmen[edit]

Multiple terms in office, consecutive or otherwise, are listed and counted in the first column counts individuals and the second column (term number).

Generations of leadership
  •   Mao Zedong Administration
  •   Deng Xiaoping Administration
  •   Jiang Zemin Administration
  •   Hu–Wen Administration
  •   Xi–Li Administration
Chairman Term Took office Left office
1 LiuShaoqi Colour.jpg Liu Shaoqi
1 September 15, 1954 April 28, 1959
2 Zhu De.jpg Zhu De
2 April 28, 1959 January 4, 1965
3 January 4, 1965 January 17, 1975
4 January 17, 1975 July 6, 1976
Soong Ching-ling 1937.jpg Song Qingling
July 6, 1976
March 5, 1978
3 Ye Jianying.jpg Ye Jianying
5 March 5, 1978 June 18, 1983
4 Peng Zhen 1956.jpg Peng Zhen
6 June 18, 1983 April 13, 1988
5 Wan Li
7 April 13, 1988 March 27, 1993
6 Qiao Shi
8 March 27, 1993 March 15, 1998
7 Li Peng.png Li Peng
9 March 15, 1998 March 15, 2003
8 Wu Bangguo Beijing2011.jpg Wu Bangguo
10 March 15, 2003 March 15, 2008
11 March 15, 2008 March 14, 2013
9 Zhang Dejiang.jpg Zhang Dejiang
12 March 14, 2013 March 17, 2018
10 Li Zhanshu in 2016.jpg Li Zhanshu
13 March 17, 2018 Incumbent


Li ZhanshuZhang DejiangWu BangguoLi PengQiao ShiWan LiPeng ZhenYe JianyingSoong Ching-lingZhu DeLiu Shaoqi


  1. ^ "Constitution of the PRC". Archived from the original on 2008-11-20. Retrieved 2009-03-10.

See also[edit]