Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
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|Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China|
|Appointer||National People's Congress|
|Term length||five years, renewable|
|Inaugural holder||Liu Shaoqi|
|Formation||September 27, 1954|
|Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress|
|Commonly abbreviated as|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, officially styled the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China, is the presiding officer of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China, which is considered China's top legislative body. The current Chairman is Li Zhanshu.
From 1998 to 2013, the position was ranked second in China's political hierarchy since Li Peng was barred from seeking a third term as Premier in 1998. In the political order of precedence, the Chairman ranks below the CPC General Secretary and President. Since 2013 the Chairman has ranked below the Premier, Li Keqiang. The ranking of this position is not necessarily reflective of its actual power, which varies depending on the officeholder.
The position holds reserve constitutional powers under the 1982 revision of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China. As stipulated in Article 84 of the Constitution, should both the President and Vice-President become incapacitated, and the National People's Congress is unable to elect a timely replacement, the Chairman of the NPC Standing Committee will act as President.
From 1975 to 1983, the Chairman of the Standing Committee served as head of state of the People's Republic of China, as the presidency had been written out of the 1975 constitution. Theoretically, during the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests, the NPC Chairman at the time, Wan Li, had the power to call an emergency session of the NPC to resolve the issue constitutionally. However, Wan's freedom of movement was restricted, and ultimately was powerless in the situation.
List of chairmen
Multiple terms in office, consecutive or otherwise, are listed and counted in the first column counts individuals and the second column (term number).
|№||Chairman||Term||Took office||Left office|
|1||September 15, 1954||April 28, 1959|
|2||April 28, 1959||January 4, 1965|
|3||January 4, 1965||January 17, 1975|
|4||January 17, 1975||July 6, 1976|
|July 6, 1976
|March 5, 1978|
|5||March 5, 1978||June 18, 1983|
|6||June 18, 1983||April 13, 1988|
|7||April 13, 1988||March 27, 1993|
|8||March 27, 1993||March 15, 1998|
|9||March 15, 1998||March 15, 2003|
|10||March 15, 2003||March 15, 2008|
|11||March 15, 2008||March 14, 2013|
|12||March 14, 2013||March 17, 2018|
|13||March 17, 2018|