Chalakudy

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Chalakudy
Large Town
Chalakudy South Junction
Chalakudy South Junction
Chalakudy is located in Kerala
Chalakudy
Chalakudy
Location in Kerala, India
Chalakudy is located in India
Chalakudy
Chalakudy
Chalakudy (India)
Coordinates: 10°18′N 76°20′E / 10.30°N 76.33°E / 10.30; 76.33Coordinates: 10°18′N 76°20′E / 10.30°N 76.33°E / 10.30; 76.33
Country India
StateKerala
DistrictThrissur District
Government
 • TypeTaluk
 • BodyMunicipal Council
 • M L AB.D. Devassy
Population
(2011)
 • Total114,901
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
680307
Telephone code0480
Vehicle registrationKL-64, KL-8, KL-45
Chalakudy River bank on a summer sunrise
a theme park in Chalakduy (Entrance)
Holy Land at Chalakudy Church
A morning in Chalakudy market
Athirappilly Fall

Chalakudy is a municipal town situated on the banks of Chalakudy River in Thrissur District of the Kerala State in India. It is the headquarters of Chalakudy taluk. It is the base camp for travellers to Athirappilly and Vazhachal Falls. Chalakudy lies on National Highway 544 and located about 47 km (23 mi) north of the city of Kochi, and 30 km (19 mi) south of Thrissur.

History[edit]

The name "Chalakudy" is derived from two words "Yagashala" (temporary settlement for conducting sacrifices) and "kody" (flag). Once Chalakudy was famous all over India as a place for conducting sacrifices. Many "rishis" (including Saptarshis) used to come over here as it was considered as a sacred land. In order to identify these settlements, they hoisted flags next to it. Thus those entire area got its name "yagashalakody". This however evolved into "Shalakody" and finally into today's Chalakudy.Chalakudy was the headquarters of Kodassry nadu.Maharaja, Kingdom of Cochin formed Kodassery(Chalakudy) taluk in the 1762 by adding Kuzhur nadu, Ayyanezhi nadu, Koratty nadu, Malayattur proverty (now in Aluva and Kothamangalam taluks)& Vellarappilly proverty(Kanjur-Chowara)(now in Aluva taluk) to Kodassery nadu. Majority area of this taluk were amalgamated into Mukundapuram taluk in AD 1860 and Vellarapilly proverty was given to Kanayannur taluk.According to Brahminical traditions Chalakudy was part of Adur(Annamanada) grama and Potta in Chalakudy Municipality was part of Irinjalakuda grama. It was also an old seminary at Sanpaulur(Ambazhakkad) at the bank of chalakudy river.

Firework display during Chalakudy Ambu Perunal festival

Chalakudy is a place of historical importance as its nearby places like Thazhekkad proverty of Mukundapuram nadu was the base of operations for Mysore invader Tipu Sultan during his attack on the Travancore lines.[1] He kept the nearby places of Chalakudy as a Southern Army Base for attacking Travancore and southern provinces of Cochin. In 2013 new Chalakudy taluk was formed by UDF Government led by Shri Oommen Chandy.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 census, Chalakudy had a population of 114,901 with a density of 4,554 per km2. The male population of which is 55,276 while female population is 59,625. The children (0-6 age) population of Chalakudy UA is around 8.86% of total Chalakudy UA population which is lower than National Urban average of 10.93%. Total children in Chalakudy Urban region were 10,176 of which 5,225 were male and 4,951 female. The literacy rate of Chalakudy Agglomeration is 96.42% which is higher than National Urban average of 85%. Literacy rate for male and female for Chalakudy stood at 97.53% and 95.41% respectively. Total literates in Chalakudy UA were 100,977 of which males were 48,815 and remaining 52,162 were females. The sex ratio of female to male in Chalakudy UA was found higher with figure of 1079 females against national urban average of 926 females per 1000 males. For children (0-6 age), girls were 948 per 1000 boys in Chalakudy Urban region against national average of 902 girls per 1000 boys.

Government[edit]

Chalakudy Municipality came into existence in the year 1970. The municipality covering an area of 25.23 km2 is divided into 36 electoral wards. Chalakkudy is a Grade-II municipality.[2] Chalakudy assembly constituency was a segment of Mukundapuram (Lok Sabha constituency).[3] Later it became a segment of Chalakudi (Lok Sabha constituency).

In the last local body elections, the Left Democratic Front (LDF) won the Chalakudy Municipality. Currently, Jayanthi Praveenkumar(Communist Party of India) is the Municipal Chairperson of Chalakudy.

In the year 2013, Chalakudy was declared as a Taluk by K.M Mani.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Located along the National Highway 544, between Kochi and Coimbatore. Another major road is State Highway 21 which connects Chalakudy to Vazhachal and ends at the border of Tamil Nadu. Chalakudy has a KSRTC and private bus station in the town only. The KSRTC station provides inter-district and inter-state buses in and around Kerala and outside the state. The private station runs local bus services into the suburbs of Chalakudy. Newly built North Bus Stand, Chalakudy is now opened for public. Now there is a railway under way which is under construction connecting Chalakudy And Mala which goes past Southern College of Engineering & Technology.

Railways[edit]

The main rail transport system in Chalakudy is operated by the Southern Railway Zone of Indian Railways, and comes under Trivandrum Railway Division. There are two railway stations in Chalakudy, Divine Nagar railway station (in Muringoor) and Chalakudy railway station. Chalakudy and Divine Nagar Railway Station lie in the busy route of Shoranur-Cochin Harbour section. Six pairs of passenger trains and 36 express trains stop at Chalakudy railway station. This station is getting a revenue of 11 crore per year. It is an 'A' class station under Trivandrum division and this station is the second largest station in Thrissur District after Thrissur railway station. It is also the first station declared as Adarsh station in Thrissur district.

Airport[edit]

The nearest airport is Cochin International Airport in Nedumbassery which is 21 km from Chalakudy. All the major domestic and international flights are available here. Direct flights are available to New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Pune, Goa, Mangalore, Calicut, Thiruvananthapuram, Dubai, Sharjah, Abu Dhabi, Doha, Bahrain, Kuwait, Muscat, Malé, Colombo, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Salala, Jeddah and Riyadh.

Business[edit]

Madura Coats, Apollo Tyres, Codemazk, Paulson Distillery, Choice Foods, Amoeba Associates, Carborundum Limited, Eddie Current and the Sree Shakti Paper Mills are the major industrial establishments. The Government Press has a division functioning in Chalakudy. The Peringalkuthu Hydro-electric project is about 42 km east of Chalakudy. In the business map, Chalakudy has a notorious place being one of the largest selling outlets of Beverages Corporation.

Chalakudy has one of the oldest movie theatres in Kerala. Surabhi Theatre situated in South Chalakudy is still a major landmark in the town. Chalakudy is home to n-number of Banking and non-Banking Financial Institutions (many got merged/.acquired to/by other banks). Even Federal Bank's one of the first five branches was in Chalakudy.

Chalakudy has two theme parks (Silverstorm and Dreamworld- both on the way to Athirappilly falls) which started a decade back, is now one of the prime attractions in the town.

Places of worship[edit]

  • St. Mary's Syro Malabar Forane church,Chalakudy
  • Holy Family Latin church,Chalakudy
  • Christian Brethren Church, Athirappilly Road, Chalakudy
  • Divine Retreat Centre, Divine nagar
  • POTTA Ashram, Divine Nagar
  • Kannampuzha Temple

Education[edit]

Schools[edit]

  • Government Vocational Higher Secondary School (GVHSS CHALAKUDY) - This institution is one of the oldest institutions which started functioning in 1894. It is generally called Govt. Boys School. Sri. Panampilly Govinda Menon, Padmabhushan Sri Raghavan Thirumulpad and Sri Kalabhavan Mani are some famous old students of this school.
  • Union Higher Secondary School, Annanad
  • CMI PUBLIC SCHOOL, CHALAKUDY
  • Crescent public school,chalakudy
  • Carmel Higher Secondary School Chalakudy
  • CKM NSS Senior Secondary School
  • Sacred Heart Higher Secondary Girls School
  • St Antony's C.G.H.S, Kottat
  • St.Catherin's ICSE school,Vellanchira

Colleges[edit]

Villages in Chalakudy taluk[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile". Janasevana Kendram. Archived from the original on 2011-03-24. Retrieved 2010-12-07.
  2. ^ "Profile". Janasevana Kendram. Archived from the original on 2011-03-24. Retrieved 2010-12-07.
  3. ^ "Assembly Constituencies — Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-10-30. Retrieved 2008-10-19.
  4. ^ http://wikimapia.org/30030805/Servant-of-God-Fr-Antony-Thachuparambil-s-Birth-Place-Kottat-Chalakudy
  5. ^ http://www.niyamasabha.org/codes/members/m229.htm

External links[edit]