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Skeletal formula of chalcone
Ball-and-stick model of the chalcone molecule
Preferred IUPAC name
Systematic IUPAC name
Other names
Phenyl styryl ketone
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.002.119 Edit this at Wikidata
  • InChI=1S/C15H12O/c16-15(14-9-5-2-6-10-14)12-11-13-7-3-1-4-8-13/h1-12H checkY
  • InChI=1/C15H12O/c16-15(14-9-5-2-6-10-14)12-11-13-7-3-1-4-8-13/h1-12H
  • O=C(C=Cc1ccccc1)c2ccccc2
Molar mass 208.260 g·mol−1
Appearance pale yellow solid
Density 1.071 g/cm3
Melting point 55 to 57 °C (131 to 135 °F; 328 to 330 K)
Boiling point 345 to 348 °C (653 to 658 °F; 618 to 621 K)
-125.7·10−6 cm3/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
☒N verify (what is checkY☒N ?)

Chalcone is the organic compound C6H5C(O)CH=CHC6H5. It is an α,β-unsaturated ketone. A variety of important biological compounds are known collectively as chalcones or chalconoids.[3] They are widely known bioactive substances, fluorescent materials, and chemical intermediates.

Chemical properties[edit]

Chalcones have two absorption maxima at 280 nm and 340 nm.[4]


Chalcones and chalconoids are synthesized in plants as secondary metabolites. The enzyme chalcone synthase, a type III polyketide synthase, is responsible for the biosynthesis of these compounds. The enzyme is found in all "higher" (vascular) and several "lower" (non-vascular) plants.[5]

Laboratory synthesis[edit]

Chalcone is usually prepared by an aldol condensation between benzaldehyde and acetophenone.[6]

preparation of chalcone

This reaction, which can be carried out without any solvent, is so reliable that it is often given as an example of green chemistry in undergraduate education.[7]

Potential pharmacology[edit]

Chalcones and their derivatives demonstrate a wide range of biological activities including anti-inflammation.[8] Some 2′-amino chalcones have been studied as potential antitumor agents.[9][10] Chalcones are of interest in medicinal chemistry and have been described as a privileged scaffold.[5]


Medicinal uses[edit]

In medicinal chemistry, chalcones have been used as:

Industrial uses[edit]

In chemical industries, they are employed as:

Uses in organic chemistry[edit]

Chalcones have been used as intermediates in heterocyclic synthesis, especially in the synthesis of pyrazoles and aurones.[12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Merck Index, 11th Edition, 2028
  2. ^ "Front Matter". Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry : IUPAC Recommendations and Preferred Names 2013 (Blue Book). Cambridge: The Royal Society of Chemistry. 2014. p. 722. doi:10.1039/9781849733069-FP001. ISBN 978-0-85404-182-4.
  3. ^ Tomás-Barberán, Francisco A.; Clifford, Michael N. (2000). "Flavanones, Chalcones and Dihydrochalcones - Nature, Occurrence and Dietary Burden". Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 80 (7): 1073–1080. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(20000515)80:7<1073::AID-JSFA568>3.0.CO;2-B.
  4. ^ Song, Dong-mee; Jung, Kyoung-Hoon; Moon, Ji-hye; Shin, Dong-Myung (2003). "Photochemistry of chalcone and the application of chalcone-derivatives in photo-alignment layer of liquid crystal display". Optical Materials. 21 (1–3): 667–71. Bibcode:2003OptMa..21..667S. doi:10.1016/S0925-3467(02)00220-3.
  5. ^ a b Zhuang, Chunlin; Zhang, Wen; Sheng, Chunquan; Zhang, Wannian; Xing, Chengguo; Miao, Zhenyuan (28 June 2017). "Chalcone: A Privileged Structure in Medicinal Chemistry". Chemical Reviews. 117 (12): 7762–7810. doi:10.1021/acs.chemrev.7b00020. PMC 6131713. PMID 28488435.
  6. ^ E. P. Kohler, H. M. Chadwell (1922). "Benzalacetophenone". Organic Syntheses. 2: 1. doi:10.15227/orgsyn.002.0001.
  7. ^ Palleros, Daniel R (2004). "Solvent-Free Synthesis of Chalcones". Journal of Chemical Education. 81 (9): 1345. Bibcode:2004JChEd..81.1345P. doi:10.1021/ed081p1345.
  8. ^ Mahapatra, Debarshi Kar; Bharti, Sanjay Kumar; Asati, Vivek (2017). "Chalcone Derivatives: Anti-inflammatory Potential and Molecular Targets Perspectives". Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry. 17 (28): 3146–3169. doi:10.2174/1568026617666170914160446. PMID 28914193.
  9. ^ Xia, Yi; Yang, Zheng-Yu; Xia, Peng; Bastow, Kenneth F.; Nakanishi, Yuka; Lee, Kuo-Hsiung (2000). "Antitumor agents. Part 202: Novel 2′-amino chalcones: design, synthesis and biological evaluation". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 10 (8): 699–701. doi:10.1016/S0960-894X(00)00072-X. ISSN 0960-894X. PMID 10782667.
  10. ^ Santos, Mariana B.; Pinhanelli, Vitor C.; Garcia, Mayara A.R.; Silva, Gabriel; Baek, Seung J.; França, Suzelei C.; Fachin, Ana L.; Marins, Mozart; Regasini, Luis O. (2017). "Antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic activities of 2′- and 4′-aminochalcones against tumor canine cells" (PDF). European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 138: 884–889. doi:10.1016/j.ejmech.2017.06.049. hdl:11449/174929. ISSN 0223-5234. PMID 28738308.
  11. ^ Nayak, Yogeesha N.; Gaonkar, Santosh L.; Sabu, Mariya (2023-01-04). "Chalcones: Versatile intermediates in heterocyclic synthesis". Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry: jhet.4617. doi:10.1002/jhet.4617. ISSN 0022-152X. S2CID 255212828.
  12. ^ Nayak, Yogeesha N.; Gaonkar, Santosh L.; Sabu, Mariya (2023-01-04). "Chalcones: Versatile intermediates in heterocyclic synthesis". Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry: jhet.4617. doi:10.1002/jhet.4617. ISSN 0022-152X. S2CID 255212828.

External links[edit]