Chalcopsitta

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chalcopsitta
Black Lori, Prague zoo.jpg
Black lory at Prague Zoo
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamily: Psittacoidea
Family: Psittaculidae
Subfamily: Loriinae
Tribe: Loriini
Genus: Chalcopsitta
Bonaparte, 1850

Chalcopsitta is a genus of parrot in the family Psittaculidae and the subfamily Loriinae. All four species are found on the islands of and around New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. The name Chalcopsitta is derived from the Greek khalkos meaning "bronze" and psitta meaning "parrot".[1]

Description[edit]

The four species of the Chalcopsitta genus are about 31 – 32 cm (13 in) long. They have long tails, and prominent bare skin at the base of the lower mandible. Males and females have similar external appearance, and juveniles have duller plumage with more marked bare eye-rings.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

The Chalcopsitta genus contains four species and several subspecies:[3]

Chalcopsitta Bonaparte 1850

  • Chalcopsitta atra (Scopoli 1786) (black lory)
    • Chalcopsitta atra atra (Scopoli 1786)
    • Chalcopsitta atra bernsteini Rosenberg, HKB 1861
    • Chalcopsitta atra insignis Oustalet 1878
  • Chalcopsitta duivenbodei Dubois 1884 (brown lory)
    • Chalcopsitta duivenbodei duivenbodei Dubois 1884
    • Chalcopsitta duivenbodei syringanuchalis Neumann 1915
  • Chalcopsitta scintillata (Temminck 1835) (yellowish-streaked lory)
    • Chalcopsitta scintillata scintillata (Temminck 1835)
    • Chalcopsitta scintillata chloroptera Salvadori 1876
    • Chalcopsitta scintillata rubrifrons Gray, GR 1858
  • Chalcopsitta cardinalis (Gray, GR 1849) (cardinal lory)

Species details[edit]

Species of Chalcopsitta in taxonomic sequence
Common and binomial names[3] Image Description Range
Black lory
Chalcopsitta atra
Chalcopsitta atra -Palmitos Park-8a.jpg
32 cm (13 in) long. Mostly black with blue rump. Black bill. Red markings on face, thighs, and tail vary between the three subspecies.[2] Misool Island and West Papua, New Guinea, Indonesia[4][5]
Brown lory
Chalcopsitta duivenbodei
Brown Lory (Chalcopsitta duivenbodei)-7.jpg
31 cm (12 in) long. Mostly brown with a blue rump and yellow on face.[2] Northern New Guinea[5][6]
Yellowish-streaked lory
Chalcopsitta sintillata
Chalcopsitta sintillata - Yellow-streaked Lory at Fuengirola Zoo.jpg
31 cm (12 in) long. Mostly Green with yellow streaking. Red on head varies between three subspecies.[2] Aru Islands and Southern New Guinea from Triton Bay in Papua to Port Moresby in Papua New Guinea[5][7]
Cardinal lory
Chalcopsitta cardinalis
Chalcopsitta cardinalis.jpg
31 cm (12 in) long. All plumage is red. The beak is orange, and the bare skin at base of beak and around eyes is black.[2] Islands to the east and south of New Ireland, Papua New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands[5][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jobling, James A. (1991). A Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 48. ISBN 0-19-854634-3. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Forshaw (2006). plate 7.
  3. ^ a b "Zoological Nomenclature Resource: Psittaciformes (Version 9.022)". www.zoonomen.net. 28 March 2009. 
  4. ^ BirdLife International (2008). "Chalcopsitta atra". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 14 April 2009. 
  5. ^ a b c d Collar (1997) pages 341
  6. ^ BirdLife International (2008). "Chalcopsitta duivenbodei". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 14 April 2009. 
  7. ^ BirdLife International (2008). "Chalcopsitta sintillata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 14 April 2009. 
  8. ^ BirdLife International (2008). "Chalcopsitta cardinalis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 14 April 2009. 

Cited texts[edit]

External links[edit]