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Chaldean (or Kaldani or Kaldean) may refer to:

  • Chaldea ("the Chaldees"), Hellenistic designation for a part of southeast Babylonia between the 9th and 6th centuries BC
  • Chaldean Dynasty, the 11th dynasty of Babylon (6th century BC), only some of whom were Chaldeans
  • Chaldean mythology, generalized term used to refer to all the mythologies of ancient Sumer, Akkad, Assyria and Babylon (Mesopotamian religions)
  • Chaldean Oracles, played a role in the start of the Christian church 1st centuries BC and AD.
  • Historical Babylon, particularly from a later Greek and Jewish perspective
  • Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, a Neo-Aramaic dialect closely related to Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, originating from Syriac spoken in northern Iraq, and the Assyrian Christian communities worldwide.
  • "Chaldean script", sometimes used (erroneously) to refer to the Syriac alphabet
Religion and Churches