Chalfont St Peter
|Chalfont St Peter|
St. Peter's parish church
|Area||6.22 sq mi (16.1 km2)|
|• Density||2,052/sq mi (792/km2)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||Gerrards Cross|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|Website||Chalfont St Peter|
Chalfont St Peter is a village and civil parish in Chiltern district in south-east Buckinghamshire, England. It is in a group of villages called The Chalfonts which also includes Chalfont St Giles and Little Chalfont. The villages lie between High Wycombe and Rickmansworth. Chalfont St Peter is one of the largest villages in the UK with nearly 13,000 residents. The urban population for Chalfont St Peter and Gerrards Cross is 19,622, the two villages being considered a single area by the Office for National Statistics.
Gerrards Cross was once a hamlet in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, but became a village and civil parish in its own right and is now a town.
Chalfont St Peter is 19.8 miles (31.9 km) west-north-west of Charing Cross, central London and is also in close proximity to Heathrow Airport, Pinewood and Elstree film studios, and the motorway network (M25, M40, M1 and M4).
At the time of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in 949 there was no distinction made between the three separate villages: the whole area was known as Ceadeles funtan, meaning chalk springs. The villages were however separated by 1237 when in manorial rolls Chalfont St Peter was referred to as Chalfund Sancti Petri. The suffix St Peter is taken from the dedication of the church in the village. Chalfont St Peter was described in 1806 in Magna Britannia as follows:
- "Chalfont St Peter, in the hundred and deanery of Burnham, lies about five miles from Amersham, on the road to London, and nearly six miles from Uxbridge in Middlesex. The manor, which belonged to Missenden Abbey, was granted in 1536 to Robert Drury, esquire, whose descendants sold it in 1626 to the Bulstrodes: in 1646 it was conveyed to Thomas Gower esq. of whom, in 1650, it was purchased by Mr. Richard Whitchurch, ancestor of Mrs. Anne Whitchurch, the present proprietor.
- "An ancient manor in this parish takes its name from the family of Brudenell, (collateral ancestors of the Earl of Cardigan), who formerly possessed it; from them it descended by female heirs to the Drurys and Osbornes. It afterwards came into the Duke of Portland's family, of whom it was purchased by Charles Churchill esq. the late proprietor; it is now the property of Thomas Hibbert esq. Mr. Hibbert's seat, which is called Chalfont-house, was a distinct property; and before it came into Mr. Churchill's hands, was in the families of Wilkins and Selman.
- "Newlands, in this parish, the seat of Sir Henry Thomas Gott, was purchased by its present possessor about the year 1770, of Mr. Croke of Beaconsfield: it had been formerly in the family of Saunders, and was sold by Sir John Saunders to Mr. Hopkins, of whom it was purchased by Mr. Croke.
- "In the church are memorials for the family of Whitchurch. The advowson and impropriation which belonged formerly to Missenden abbey, and afterwards to the Drurys, was given by Sir Thomas Allen to the president and scholars of St. John's college in Oxford, who present the vicar and grant him a lease of the great tithes.
- "The Earl of Portland built a school at Gerrard's Cross, in this parish, adjoining the road from London to High Wycombe. It has no endowment, but has always been supported by the Portland family: the duke appoints the master, and allows him a salary for teaching a number of boys of this and some of the neighbouring parishes.
- "William Courtnay, who died in 1770, gave a loaf of bread weekly to each of eleven unmarried poor women of this parish, and one to the clerk."
Today, Chalfont St Peter is one of the largest villages in the United Kingdom partly due to the proximity to Gerrards Cross railway station which lies between London Marylebone and Birmingham Snow Hill on the Chiltern Main Line. Modern buildings and urbanisation now dominate the village centre and very little historic architecture remains. The first major development of the village were rows of Georgian shops (some of which still remain). Much larger developments came in the late 1920s and these shops that run up the main street towards Gold Hill common now comprise most of the village centre. Modernisation and urbanisation continued up until the 1960s when most of the Georgian shops were demolished in favour of a concrete development of flats, offices and shops fronts surrounding a central car park.
Since the building of Gerrards Cross railway station in the late 19th century, the population of Chalfont St Peter has risen dramatically. From 1801 to 1901, the populations of the village only saw a 700-person rise – giving a population of 1700. But from 1901 to the present, it has become one of the largest villages in the United Kingdom, with nearly 13,000 inhabitants.
Chalfont St Peter is often described as the Gateway to the Chiltern Hills. It is not a major tourist centre but has many places to stay, the most notable being The Greyhound (former local court house where hangings took place), which is situated at the foot of the village on the banks of the River Misbourne. Nearby there are several manor houses of note, as well as many museums, cottages and parks. Milton's Cottage in Chalfont St Giles, the Colne Valley regional park, Bekonscot Model Village, Chenies Manor House, the Chiltern Open Air Museum, Odds Farm Park, Cliveden, Dorney Court, Harrow Museum & Heritage Centre, Royal Windsor Racecourse and Hughenden Manor are the nearest attractions to the village itself. The Chiltern Open Air Museum is situated mainly within the village.
- Robertswood Combined and Nursery School
- Chalfont St Peter Infant School
- Chalfont St. Peter Church of England School
- St. Joseph's Combined Catholic School
- Chalfonts Community College
- Holy Cross Convent – Private Girls (Closed summer 2006)
- Chalfont St Peter Parish Church
- Gold Hill Baptist Church
- The Gospel Hall
- St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church, Austenwood
Hamlets in Chalfont St Peter include:
- Chalfont Common
- Gravel Hill
- Layters Green
- Horn Hill
Featuring in the media
Chalfont St Peter occasionally appears in media, the most recent being in Channel 4's Derren Brown: Apocalypse on 26 October 2012. Several local landmarks featured in the programme including The Village Hall pub, since returned to its former name, the Jolly Farmer, on Goldhill Common and Mr. Crusty on the high street.
Sport and leisure
Bus routes 105, 335, 353 and 580 run through the main village and the more suburban areas. These bus routes include connections with Slough, Amersham, Chesham, Hemel Hempstead and Uxbridge. It is served by Gerrards Cross railway station, 1.2 miles (1.9 km) south, which has links to London Marylebone and High Wycombe and Birmingham.
The village lies 9.5 miles (15.3 km) north west of London's Heathrow Airport.
The Chalfont Centre, on Chesham Lane, is a 100 acre site established in 1894. It exists as both the headquarters for the Epilepsy Society and exists to provide residential care for 100 patients with high-level epilepsy. In 1972 the NHS established the Special Assessment Unit, specially designed to treat patients with severe and complicated epilepsy.
The British Forces Broadcasting Service, run by Services Sound and Vision Corporation, is based at Arqiva's Chalfont Grove Teleport in the west of the village on the border with Chalfont St Giles. The National Lottery Draws were filmed at Arqiva's facilities between 2006 and 2012.
- Lewis Collins (1946–2013) – actor, best known for his role as Bodie in the LWT action series "The Professionals" – He lived at 'Mopes Farmhouse' from the early 1980s until he moved to Los Angeles in the early 1990s.
- John Laurie (1897–1980) – actor, best known for his role as Private James Frazer, in the BBC sitcom Dad's Army
- Patrick O'Brian (1914–2000) – author of the Aubrey-Maturin series of novels was born here
- Dame Margaret Rutherford (1892–1972) – actress, best known for her role as Miss Marple in several films loosely based on Agatha Christie's novels
- Len Worley - amateur footballer
- Alan Nunn May (1911-2003) - physicist and spy
- Census 2011
- buckscc.gov.uk Archived 10 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "Bucks man the subject of Derren Brown's 'Apocalypse'". Bucks Free Press. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
- "Osbourne 'stable' after accident". BBC News. 9 December 2003.
- Chalfont Centre Duncan, JS & G Faulkner. Seizure. 2003. Retrieved 13/04/18
- "Chalfont". Arqiva. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Arqiva Chalfont Grove Teleport - World Teleport Association". www.worldteleport.org. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- Donnelly, Paul (2003). Fade to Black: A Book of Movie Obituaries. Music Sales Group. p. 410. ISBN 9780711995123.
- Williams, Ian (13 January 2000). "Patrick O'Brian". salon.com. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
- Travis, Alan (30 September 2008). "Miss Marple's final case: real-life crime mystery of late Oscar-winning actor". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
- Hugman, BJ (Ed) The PFA Premier & Football League Players' Records 1946–2005 (2005) ISBN 1-85291-665-6 p675. Retrieved 28 July 2010
- "Plaques in Chalfont St Peter". Open Plaques. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- "A History of Chalfont St Peter and Gerrards Cross", C G Edmonds, 1964 and "The History of Bulstrode", A. M. Baker, 2003 published as one book by Colin Smythe Ltd, 2003
- 'The Famous and Infamous of The Chalfonts and District', DJ Kelly, 2014 published by Titanic Press.
- 'The Chalfonts and Gerrards Cross at War', DJ Kelly, 2014 published by Titanic Press
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