Chalkusha (community development block)

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Chalkusha
Community Development Block
Chalkusha is located in Jharkhand
Chalkusha
Chalkusha
Location in Jharkhand
Chalkusha is located in India
Chalkusha
Chalkusha
Chalkusha (India)
Coordinates: 24°14′39″N 85°44′11″E / 24.244039°N 85.736392°E / 24.244039; 85.736392Coordinates: 24°14′39″N 85°44′11″E / 24.244039°N 85.736392°E / 24.244039; 85.736392
Country India
StateJharkhand
DistrictHazaribagh
Government
 • TypeRepresentative democracy
Elevation
346 m (1,135 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total52,068
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
825324 (Palounjia)
Telephone code06548
Vehicle registrationJH 02
Lok Sabha constituencyKodarma
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBarkatha
Websitehazaribag.nic.in

Chalkusha is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Barhi subdivision of Hazaribagh district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.

Overview[edit]

Hazaribagh district is spread over a part of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The central plateau, averaging a height of 2,000 ft (610 m), occupies the central part of the district. On all sides, except on the western side, it is surrounded by the lower plateau, averaging a height of 1,300 ft (396 m), the surface being undulating. In the north and the north-west the lower plateau forms a fairly level tableland till the ghats, when the height drops to about 700 ft (213 m) and slopes down gradually. The Damodar and the Barakar form the two main watersheds in the district. DVC has constructed the Konar Dam across the Konar River. It is a forested district with cultivation as the main occupation of the people. Coal is the main mineral found in this district. China clay is also found in this district.[1][2][3] Inaugurating the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana in 2016, Raghubar Das, Chief Minister of Jharkhand, had indicated that there were 23 lakh BPL families in Jharkhand.[4] There was a plan to bring the BPL proportion in the total population down to 35%.[5]

History[edit]

Chalkusha was created a new block in 2009, after long fight of the residents of the Chalkusha,Alagdiha, Choubey, Salaidih, Chatkari, Palma, Baradih and the residents of the areas, they protested on several occasions and in year 2007 a massive protest was organised by the non-political and political groups over 200 people had participated in Ranchi including former and sitting MLA Janki Yadav,MLA, Chitranjan Yadav, Jaidev Choudhary and famous Social activist Birendra Pandey and many more eminent persons have fought for the bifurcation of Chalkusha Block from Barkatha.[6]

Maoist activities[edit]

Right from its inception in 2000. Jharkhand was a “laboratory” for Naxalites to experiment with their ideas of establishing a parallel government. As of 2005, 16 of the 22 districts in the state, including Hazaribagh district, was transformed into a “guerrilla zone”. The movement was not restricted to armed operations but included kangaroo courts called Jan adalats, elected village bodies and people's police.[7] Jharkhand, with a dense forest cover over a large part of the state, offers a favourable terrain for the Naxalites to build their bases and operate. Annual fatalities in Jharkhand were 117 in 2003 and 150 in 2004.[8] In 2013 Jharkhand was considered one of the two states in the country most affected by Left wing extremism and Jharkhand police set up an exclusive cell to deal with Maoist activities.[9] However, in the same year, when Jharkhand police identified 13 focus areas for combating Maoist extremism, Hazaribagh district was not one of them.[10]

Geography[edit]

Chalkusha is located at 24°14′39″N 85°44′11″E / 24.244039°N 85.736392°E / 24.244039; 85.736392.

Chalkusha CD Block is bounded by Markacho CD Block, in Koderma district, on the north, Birni and Suriya CD Blocks, in Giridih district, on the east, Barkatha CD Block on the south and on the west.[11][12]

As of 2017, the area of Chalkusha CD Block has not been put up on the internet/ websites by the district authorities.[13] As of 2011, Chalkusha CD Block had 9 gram panchayats,[14] 36 inhabited villages[15] and no census towns.[16]Barkatha and Gorhar police stations serve this CD Block.[17] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Chalkusha.[18]

It is located 57 km east of Hazaribagh, the district headquarters.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India, Chalkusa CD Block had a total population of 52,068, all of which were rural. There were 26,952 (52%) males and 25,116 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 9,615. Scheduled Castes numbered 7,224 (13.87%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 784 (1.51%).[16]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Chalkusha CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Chalkusha (4,150), Maskedih (4,223), Chaube (6,730).[16]

Literacy[edit]

As of 2011 census, the total number of literates in Chalkusa CD Block was 28,499 (67.13% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 17,969 (81.33% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 10,530 (51.47% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 29.86%.[16] Famous Environmentalist, Advocate, Satya Prakash practising at Delhi High Court is resident of Chalkusha, he made great efforts to control the illegal mining in state of Jharkhand and filed a case at National Green Tribunal where tribunal has set up a committee to check the illegal mining in Hazaribagh and Koderma, over 5000 forest cases have been registered after the great efforts of Satya Prakash, and Government of Jharkhand has filed detail report at NGT to curve the illegal mining in forest areas.

As of 2011 census, literacy in Hazaribagh district was 70.48%. Literacy in Jharkhand was 67.63% in 2011.[19] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[20][21]

See also – List of Jharkhand districts ranked by literacy rate


Language[edit]

Hindi is the official language in Jharkhand and Urdu has been declared as an additional official language.[22] Jharkhand legislature had passed a bill according the status of a second official language to several languages in 2011 but the same was turned down by the Governor.[23][24][25]

The three most populous mother-tongues (spoken language which is medium of conversation with the mother of children), as per data available from 2001 census in a Note on mother-tongue of earlier census, published in District Census Handbook Hazaribag, 2011, were: Khortha, Hindi and Urdu.[26]

Numerically, five important scheduled tribes in the district were: Santali, Oraon, Munda, Karmali and Bedia.[26]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

Livelihood
in Chalkusha CD Block

  Cultivators (48.34%)
  Agricultural labourers (22.31%)
  Household industries (4.18%)
  Other Workers (25.17%)

In Chalkusha CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators numbered 9,967 and formed 48.34%, agricultural labourers numbered 4,600 and formed 22.31%, household industry workers numbered 861 and formed 4.18% and other workers numbered 5,190 and formed 25.17%. Total workers numbered 20,618 and formed 39.60% of the total population, and non-workers numbered 31,450 and formed 60.40% of the population.[27]

Note: In the census records, a person is considered a cultivator, if the person is engaged in cultivation/ supervision of land owned. When a person who works on another person's land for wages in cash or kind or share, is regarded as an agricultural labourer. Household industry is defined as an industry conducted by one or more members of the family within the household or village, and one that does not qualify for registration as a factory under the Factories Act. Other workers are persons engaged in some economic activity other than cultivators, agricultural labourers and household workers. It includes factory, mining, plantation, transport and office workers, those engaged in business and commerce, teachers, entertainment artistes and so on.[28]

Infrastructure[edit]

There are 36 inhabited villages in Chalkusha CD Block. In 2011, 11 villages had power supply. No village had tap water (treated/ untreated), 36 villages had well water (covered/ uncovered), 36 villages had hand pumps, and all villages had drinking water facility. 6 villages had post offices, no village had a sub post office, 2 villages had telephones (land lines) and 10 villages had mobile phone coverage. 36 villages had pucca (hard top) village roads, 7 villages had bus service (public/ private), 7 villages had autos/ modified autos, and 17 villages had tractors. 9 villages had bank branches, 5 villages had agricultural credit societies, 3 villages had cinema/ video halls, 1 village had public library and public reading room. 29 villages had public distribution system, 17 villages had weekly haat (market) and 34 villages had assembly polling stations.[29]

Forestry and agriculture[edit]

The main occupation of the people of Hazaribagh district is cultivation. While forests occupy around 45% of the total area, the cultivable area forms about 39% of the total area. The forests are uniformly spread across the district. Sal is the predominant species in the jungles. Other species are: bamboo, khair, sali, semal, mahua, tamarind, mango, black-berry (jamun), peepal, karnaj, jack-fruit, margosa (neem), kusum, palas, kend, asan, piar and bhelwa. Hazaribag Wildlife Sanctuary is located around 19 km north of Hazaribag. Irrigation facilities in this hilly area are inadequate and generally farmers depend on rain for their cultivation. The land situated along the river banks, or low land, is fertile but the uplands are generally barren. May to October is Kharif season, followed by Rabi season. Rice is the main crop of the district. Other important crops grown are: bazra, maize, pulses (mainly arhar and gram) and oilseeds. Limited quantities of cash crops, such as sugar cane, are grown.[30]

Backward Regions Grant Fund[edit]

Hazaribagh district is listed as a backward region and receives financial support from the Backward Regions Grant Fund. The fund, created by the Government of India, is designed to redress regional imbalances in development. As of 2012, 272 districts across the country were listed under this scheme. The list includes 21 districts of Jharkhand.[31][32]

Transport[edit]

Dhanbad–Koderma line
km
to Asansol–Gaya section of Grand Chord
56
Koderma
to Hazaribagh / Barkakana
to Giridih (under construction)
8
Hirodih
16
Samatanr
21
Jadudih
25
Parsabad
Barakar River
36
Chaube
47
Hazaribagh Road
57
Chichaki
65
Chaudhuribandh
74
Parasnath
Parasnath Hill 1,350 metres (4,430 ft)
NH 2 / Grand Trunk Road
82
Nimiaghat
92
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Gomoh
to Barkakana and Muri
101
Matari
106
Nichitpur
to Railways in Jharia Coalfield / Katrasgarh
112
Tetulmari
117
Bhuli (halt)
to Railways in Jharia Coalfield / Jharia
121
Dhanbad
to Asansol–Gaya section of Grand Chord

Dhanbad-Koderma sector of the Grand chord passes through Chalkusha CD Block and there is a station at Chaube.[33]

A road links Chalkusha to the Markacho-Chaube road. There is a bridge across the Barakar. There is a road from Chaube to Keshwari, where it connects to the Suriya-Parasiya road.[34]

Education[edit]

In 2011, amongst the 36 inhabited villages in Chalkusha CD Block, 5 villages had no primary school, 4 villages had one primary school and 27 villages had more than one primary school. 18 villages had at least one primary school and one middle school. 4 villages had at least one middle school and one secondary school.[35]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2011, amongst the 36 inhabited villages in Chalkusha CD Block, 4 villages had primary health centres, 7 villages had primary health sub-centres, 1 village had alternative medicine hospital and 29 villages had no medical facilities.[36]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook Hazaribag, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 9 - 12. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  2. ^ "Hazaribag District". Hazaribag At A Glance. Hazaribag district authorities. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  3. ^ "Konar Dam". india9.com. Retrieved 2010-04-17.
  4. ^ "Chief Minister launches Ujjwal scheme in Hazaribag". The Times of India, 2 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  5. ^ "State 12th Five Year Plan: State Annual Plan 2012-13" (PDF). State of Jharkhand. Jharkhand Planning Commission. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  6. ^ "New blocks: 12, officers: 132, annual cost: 1.36 cr". Jharkhand. The Telegraph, 6 August 2009. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  7. ^ "Red Terror over Jharkhand". Rajat Kumar Kujur. Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  8. ^ "Naxalite Movement in Bihar and Jharkhand". Dr. Sanjay K. Jha. Dialogue, April–June 2005. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  9. ^ "Naxal Violence: New Structures and Old Woes in Jharkhand". Bibhu Prasad Routray. Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  10. ^ "13 focus areas identified in Jharkhand to check Maoist activities". Eenadu Jndia, 14 June 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  11. ^ "District Census Handbook Hazaribag, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Map on the fifth page. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  12. ^ "CD Block/ Tehsil Map of Hazaribagh". Maps of India. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  13. ^ "District Statistical Handbook, Hazaribag". Tables 2.2. Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Planning and Development, Jharkhand. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  14. ^ "District Hazaribagh – Facts and Figures". Demography. Jharkhand Government. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  15. ^ "District Census Handbook Hazaribag, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Table 2, Page 31. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  16. ^ a b c d "2011 Census C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". Jharkhand – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  17. ^ "Jharkhand Police". Contact Number. Jharkhand Government. Archived from the original on 2016-12-06. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  18. ^ "Official Website of Hazaribag District". Administration – Subdivision and Blocks. Jharkhand Government. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  19. ^ "Provisional Population Totals Paper 1 of 2011: Jharkhand". Sr. No. 5, Sheet 2. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Government of India. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  20. ^ "Literacy in India". Census 2011. Census population 2015 data. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  21. ^ "Ranking of states and union territories by literacy rate: 2011" (PDF). Page 110. Government of India. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  22. ^ "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 35. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  23. ^ "Khortha demand for language teachers". The Telegraph, 22 November 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  24. ^ "Second Language". India Today, 22 October 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  25. ^ "Jharkhand Governor turns down language bill". Post/Jagran Josh, 19 October 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  26. ^ a b "District Census Handbook Hazaribag, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 27. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  27. ^ "District Census Handbook 2011 Hazaribag, Series 21 Part XII A" (PDF). Table 30 and 34, Pages 51, 57-58. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  28. ^ "District Census Handbook 2011 Hazaribag, Series 21 Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 24-25. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  29. ^ "District Census Handbook, Hazaribag, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 575-579 Appendix I: Village Directory. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  30. ^ "District Census Handbook, Hazaribag, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 11-14. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  31. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Funds: Programme Guidelines" (PDF). Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  32. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Fund". Press Release, 14 June 2012. Press Information Bureau, Government of India. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  33. ^ "046 Koderma-Dhanbad Passenger memu". Time Table. Indiarailino. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  34. ^ Google maps
  35. ^ "District Census Handbook, Hazaribag, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 579-580 Appendix I: Village Directory. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  36. ^ "District Census Handbook, Hazaribag, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 576-577 Appendix I: Village Directory. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.