Chalkwell

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Chalkwell
Chalkwell Esplanade - geograph.org.uk - 498311.jpg
Chalkwell Esplanade
Chalkwell is located in Essex
Chalkwell
Chalkwell
Location within Essex
Population10,045 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceTQ889640
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWESTCLIFF-ON-SEA
Postcode districtSS0
Dialling code01702
PoliceEssex
FireEssex
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Essex
51°32′28″N 0°40′34″E / 51.541°N 0.676°E / 51.541; 0.676Coordinates: 51°32′28″N 0°40′34″E / 51.541°N 0.676°E / 51.541; 0.676

Chalkwell is a mid-density suburb of Southend-on-Sea, a town and unitary district in Essex, England. It faces the Thames Estuary and is in traditional[a] terms still part of Westcliff-on-Sea, which is also its post town. Westcliffe has paired single-sex high schools and its hardcourt tennis club in the district, which confirm an overlap. Both places in their south have a fairly abrupt rise, a gentle cliff, and are overwhelmingly on the flood-safe land above this rise.

Its separate identity is however underpinned by its railway station and quite large park. Its name has been kept in the latest typical eight-yearly cycle of drawing up equal-electorate electoral wards for the people to elect their local councillors.

History[edit]

The Crow Stone

The Crow Stone (less often called London Stone) stands high on a plinth on the mud[4] on the Thames Estuary foreshore facing the south end of Chalkwell Avenue. It was erected in 1837 and replaced a smaller stone, dating from 1755. The older stone was taken to Priory Park in Southend where it remains today. The line, known as the Yantlet Line, between the Crow Stone and the London Stone, Yantlet Creek, almost due south on the other shore of the Thames is the eastern limit of the jurisdiction of the Port of London Authority (PLA). This is relevant to local byelaws such as for a locally qualified maritime pilot into and out of port of larger vessels and the PLA's authority to police navigation (which also reserves the right to go in hot pursuit).

Amenities[edit]

In 2009 an open water swimming club, the "Chalkwell Redcaps" was established and has quickly grown to be one of the UK's largest. The Crow Stone is often the club's assembly point.

Chalkwell has a station, a few metres from the beach, with regular direct trains to London. Chalkwell Park has hosted Essex County Cricket Club matches and retains a cricket club.

Demography[edit]

Chalkwell compared
2001 UK Census Chalkwell ward Southend-on-Sea UA England
Population 9,207 160,257 49,138,831
Foreign born 8.9% 6.0% 9.2%
White 94.6% 95.8% 90.9%
Asian 2.7% 2.2% 4.6%
Black 1.1% 0.7% 2.3%
Christian 63.4% 68.7% 71.7%
Muslim 2.0% 1.2% 3.1%
Hindu 0.8% 0.6% 1.1%
No religion 17.6% 18.8% 14.6%
Unemployed 4.2% 3.7% 3.3%
Retired 11.2% 14.8% 13.5%

At the 2001 UK census, the Chalkwell electoral ward had a population of 9,207, increasing to 10,045 at the 2011 Census.[5] The ethnicity was 94.6% White, 1.2% Mixed, 2.7% Asian, 1.1% Black and 0.4% Other. The place of birth of residents was 91.1% United Kingdom, 1.3% Republic of Ireland, 1.6% other Western European countries and 6.0% elsewhere. Religion was recorded as 63.4% Christian, 0.3% Buddhist, 0.8% Hindu, 0% Sikh, 6.7% Jewish, and 2% Muslim. 17.6% were recorded as having no religion, 0.5% had an alternative religion and 8.7% did not state any religion.[6]

The economic activity of residents aged 16 to 74 was 41.5% in full-time employment, 10.2% in part-time employment, 11.4% self-employed, 4.2% unemployed, 2.1% students with jobs, 3.6% students without jobs, 11.2% retired, 6.7% looking after home or family, 5.9% permanently sick or disabled and 3.2% economically inactive for other reasons.

The industry of employment of residents was 13.2% retail, 8.8% manufacturing, 5% construction, 15.8% real estate, 11.3% health and social work, 9.3% education, 6% transport and communications, 5.4% public administration, 4.2% hotels and restaurants, 14.3% finance, 0.3% agriculture and 6.4% other. Compared with national figures, the ward had a relatively high proportion of workers in finance and education. Of the ward's residents aged 16–74, 21.9% had a higher education qualification or the equivalent, compared with 19.9% nationwide. According to Office for National Statistics estimates, during the period of April 2004 to March 2005 the average gross weekly income of households was £670, compared with an average of £650 in South East England.[6]

References and footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Southend Ward population 2011". Retrieved 11 May 2017.
  2. ^ Church of England parish finder "Westcliffe: St Saviour's Church"
  3. ^ Church of England parish finder "Westcliffe: St Michael and All Angels"
  4. ^ Port of London. 40. 1965. p. 220.
  5. ^ "Southend Ward population 2011". Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Neighbourhood Statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 April 2008.

External links[edit]