Chalky Island (New Zealand)

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Chalky Island
Chalky Island Panorama Fiordland New Zealand Aotearoa.jpg
Chalky Island from the west
Chalky Island is located in New Zealand
Chalky Island
Chalky Island
Geography
Location Fiordland
Coordinates 46°03′S 166°31′E / 46.050°S 166.517°E / -46.050; 166.517
Area 5.14 km2 (1.98 sq mi)
Highest elevation 151 m (495 ft)
Administration
Demographics
Population 0

Chalky Island is an island in the southwest of New Zealand, and is part of Fiordland National Park. It lies at the entrance to Chalky Inlet which is next to Preservation Inlet and is at the southwestern tip of the South Island, 10 kilometres (6 mi) northwest of Puysegur Point, 15 kilometres (9 mi) southeast of West Cape, and 140 kilometres (87 mi) west of Invercargill.

The island was first charted by Captain James Cook in 1773, and was a base for sealers in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

All predators were eradicated from the island by the New Zealand Department of Conservation, and it is now used as a bird sanctuary. Until 2005 it was one of only four refuges of the only flightless native parrot, the critically endangered kakapo.[1] Other threatened endemic birds transferred to the island since the eradication of stoats include tieke (saddleback), mōhua (yellowhead), little spotted kiwi, and orange-fronted kakariki.[2] The Te Kakahu skink is endemic to the island.[3] Dolphins, orcas, and southern right whales[4] are sometimes seen in the bay.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Updates: June to September 2005". Kakapo Recovery Program. Retrieved 2009-04-12. 
  2. ^ "Project implementation: Fiordland Island restoration programme". Department of Conservation. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  3. ^ "Oligosoma tekakahu Chapple, Bell, Chapple, Miller, Daugherty & Patterson, 2011". The Reptile Database. www.reptarium.cz/en/. Retrieved 18 July 2015. 
  4. ^ [1] Archived October 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.