Challenge Records (1920s)
Challenge Records was a record label sold by the Sears-Roebuck Company. Releases were drawn from other recordings on other labels in the late 1920s, such as Banner, Gennett, Paramount Records and others. Sears also had the Silvertone label and the same recording of "Black Bottom" by Joe Candullo & his Everglades Orchestra was released on both labels. Around 1929 Sears did away with Challenge and Silvertone, replacing them with Conqueror Records. Challenge discs generally sold for less than Silvertone ones because they seldom used songs requiring royalty payments and the label generally assigned pseudonyms to the artists. Introduced in the Spring 1927 catalog for just 24¢ per disc, Challenge bore the frank disclaimer, "If you want the best, we recommend the Silvertone." The last issues appeared in Sears’ Spring 1931 catalog.
- Frank Hoffmann (2004). Encyclopedia of Recorded Sound. Routledge. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-415-93835-8.
- Don Cusic (2007). Gene Autry: His Life and Career. McFarland & Company. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-7864-3061-1.
- Arthur Bradley (2005). On and Off the Bandstand: A collection of essays related to the great bands, the story of jazz, and the years when there was non-vocal popular music for adults. iUniverse, Inc. p. 123. ISBN 978-0-595-35907-3.
- Allan Sutton (2007). "The Sears, Roebuck & Company Record Labels(1905-1950)". Mainspring Press.
- Encyclopedia of recorded sound, Volume 1
- American record labels and companies: an encyclopedia (1891-1943)
- Challenge Records on the Internet Archive's Great 78 Project
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