Challenger (1853 clipper)
|Owner:||W. & F.H. Whittemore, Boston; later, Samuel G. Reed & Co.|
|Builder:||Robert E. Jackson, East Boston, MA|
|Notes:||Collided with Roswell Sprague in a gale at Bremerhaven, October 1861|
|Owner:||N. Larco, agent for the Peruvian Government|
|Fate:||Abandoned off the coast of Mexico, October 1875, en route from Port Discovery to Peru, after damage during a gale. Camille Cavour's wreck drifted ashore at Manzanillo.|
|Notes:||Coolie ship in the guano trade|
|Class and type:||Extreme clipper, designed by Samuel Hartt Pook|
|Tons burthen:||1334 tons|
|Length:||206 ft (63 m)|
|Beam:||38 ft 4 in (11.68 m)|
|Draft:||23 ft (7.0 m)|
Between 1854 and 1863, Challenger made two voyages from Boston to San Francisco, in 112 and 134 days, and five voyages from New York to San Francisco, in 115 to 133 days. In 1861, she "collided with the ship Roswell Sprague in a gale in the roadstead of Bremerhaven."
Guano trade and shipwreck
- Bruzelius, Lars (1998). "Sailing Ships: "'Challenger'" (1853)". The Maritime History Virtual Archives. Retrieved April 11, 2010.
- Cutler, Carl C. (1930). Greyhounds of the sea; The story of the American clipper ship. New York: Halcyon House. p. 425.