From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
A general view of Chalon-sur-Saône
A general view of Chalon-sur-Saône
Coat of arms of Chalon-sur-Saône
Location of Chalon-sur-Saône
Chalon-sur-Saône is located in France
Chalon-sur-Saône is located in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Coordinates: 46°46′50″N 4°51′10″E / 46.7806°N 4.8528°E / 46.7806; 4.8528Coordinates: 46°46′50″N 4°51′10″E / 46.7806°N 4.8528°E / 46.7806; 4.8528
CantonChalon-sur-Saône-1, 2 and 3
IntercommunalityCA Le Grand Chalon
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Gilles Platret[1]
15.22 km2 (5.88 sq mi)
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
 • Density3,000/km2 (7,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
71076 /71100
Elevation172–190 m (564–623 ft)
(avg. 185 m or 607 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Chalon-sur-Saône (French pronunciation: [ʃalɔ̃ syʁ son] (listen), literally Chalon on Saône) is a city in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France.

It is a sub-prefecture of the department. It is the largest city in the department; however, the department capital is the smaller city of Mâcon.


Chalon-sur-Saône lies in the south of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté and in the east of France, approximately 55 km (34 mi) north of Mâcon. It is located on the Saône river, and was once a busy port, acting as a distribution point for local wines which were sent up and down the Saône river and the Canal du Centre, opened in 1792.

Tribute to Nicéphore Niépce


Ancient times[edit]

Though the site (ancient Cabillonum)[3] was a capital of the Aedui and objects of La Tène culture have been retrieved from the bed of the river here, the first mention of Cavillonum is found in Commentarii de Bello Gallico (VII, chs. 42 and 90). The Roman city already served as a river port and hub of road communications, of the Via Agrippa and side routes.[4] In 354 AD the Roman Emperor Constantius II stationed the Roman 7th Army in Chalon (then called Cabyllona) for an invasion against the brother kings, Gundomadus and Vadomarius of the Alamanni. However, not having received supplies, the Roman troops revolted, and were pacified by the grand chamberlain Eusebius with money. In Late Antiquity the city had dwindled so much that a wall round it encircled fifteen hectares.[5]

Christian centre[edit]

Saint Marcellus of Chalons (Saint Marcel) is said to have been martyred here in 179 AD. Chalon became one of the de facto capitals of the kingdom of Burgundy under Guntram, king from 561 to 592, who died here.[6] Guntram also promoted the cult of Saint Marcellus.[7] It continued to pay for its importance by being frequently attacked until the 10th century.[3] The bishopric of Chalon-sur-Saône, a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Lyon, was also established here in the 6th century, and a Church Council was held here from 644–655.[8] After the French Revolution, in accordance with the Concordat of 1801, the diocese of Chalon was amalgamated with the diocese of Autun, which gave the name to the new entity.

Modern developments[edit]

Chalon in the 19th century is best known as the birthplace of photography. Its most famous resident, Nicéphore Niépce, also has a lycée (secondary school) named after him. There is a museum which contains some early photography relics, located on the Quai des Messageries in the town, containing more than two million photographs and many old artefacts such as cameras and other equipment for old and modern photography. Also on display are Niépce's 1807 Pyréolophore, which is probably the world's first internal combustion engine, plus his 1818 implementation of a dandy horse, for which he coined the word vélocipède.[9]

Nicéphore Niépce

Another famous resident is Dominique Vivant Denon (1747–1825), who was involved in the creation of the Louvre museum, converting the former royal palace into a museum after the French Revolution.

In the late 19th century, copper and iron works were the town's main industry. The large engineering works of Petit-Creusot, a branch of those of Le Creusot, manufactured heavy industrial items.[3]


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 8,798—    
1800 10,431+2.46%
1806 11,204+1.20%
1821 10,952−0.15%
1831 12,338+1.20%
1836 14,810+3.72%
1841 17,240+3.09%
1846 19,878+2.89%
1851 20,403+0.52%
1856 21,062+0.64%
1861 20,896−0.16%
1866 21,247+0.33%
1872 21,756+0.40%
1876 20,895−1.00%
1881 21,618+0.68%
1886 22,768+1.04%
1891 24,686+1.63%
1896 26,288+1.27%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 29,058+2.02%
1906 29,951+0.61%
1911 31,550+1.05%
1921 31,609+0.02%
1926 31,500−0.07%
1931 32,533+0.65%
1936 33,201+0.41%
1946 32,683−0.16%
1954 37,399+1.70%
1962 43,655+1.95%
1968 50,589+2.49%
1975 58,187+2.02%
1982 56,194−0.50%
1990 54,575−0.36%
1999 50,124−0.94%
2007 46,676−0.89%
2012 44,564−0.92%
2017 45,096+0.24%
Source: EHESS[10] and INSEE (1968-2017)[11]


The primary industries are nuclear, plastics, metallurgy, and mechanics.

The Chamber of Commerce of Saône-et-Loire manages the École de Gestion et de Commerce de Chalon-sur-Saône, as well as the river port on the Saône.

There are 2,472 businesses: 764 stores, 454 retail services, 409 schools and health and social services, 378 wholesale services, 122 construction companies, 69 agricultural and alimentary businesses, 64 real estate businesses, 60 transportation business, 49 industries de biens intermédiaires, 35 industries de biens de consommations, 34 entreprises d'énergie, 33 industries de biens d'équipements et 1 industrie automobile.[citation needed]

The most important companies are Areva, Saint-Gobain, Nordeon, Cartonnerie Laurent, Chalondis, Carrefour 2000, Géant Casino, Comptoirs des Fers, Cayon, Amazon and Le journal de Saône-et-Loire. Until the early 2000s, Kodak was the largest employer in town. Their production site became the campus of Le Grand Chalon en Bourgogne in 2005.



The Gare de Chalon-sur-Saône railway station offers connections with Paris, Dijon, Lyon and several regional destinations.

The station is located along the PLM mainline from Paris Gare de Lyon to Marseille-Saint-Charles, at kilometre post 382.150 from Paris.


The primary national roads serving Chalon are the A6 autoroute from Paris to Lyon, the route nationale 73, from Chalon to Besançon and the route nationale 80, from Chalon to Montchanin.

The city is also located on the pan-European bicycle route the EuroVelo 6, which stretches from Saint-Nazaire on the Atlantic Ocean near Nantes to Constanta on the Black Sea.

Air transport[edit]

The closest major commercial airport is Lyon-Saint-Exupéry, located about 120 kilometres away.

Public transport[edit]

The public transportation company STAC offers a bus network ZOOM, including a free bus in the center, lines to surrounding communities, and services for disabled riders. There also exists a bike sharing scheme Réflex.


St. Vincent's Cathedral on the Place Saint-Vincent which, while dating mainly from the 12th to the 15th centuries,[3] has some elements dating from the eighth century and a neo-gothic nineteenth century façade.

Chalon Cathedral

The church of St Pierre, with two steeples, dates from the late 17th century.[3]

The city square also has a number of cafés and a busy market on Fridays and Sundays.

Every year in July, Chalon-sur-Saône hosts an international street artists festival, called Chalon dans la Rue ("Chalon in the street").[12] Over four days, artists from across Europe and beyond come to the streets of Chalon to perform, mostly for free, in music, theatre, acrobatics, comedy, etc. A program is made available by the town, so people know of the main groups performing, and several newspapers report what performances are must-see and where and when to find them.


An institute of research of the engineering school Arts et Métiers ParisTech was established in Chalon in 1997. This institute offers graduate and doctoral programs in the domain of virtual reality and image engineering.

It includes a municipal library.[13]


The Élan Chalon basketball club is a member of the LNB Pro A, and plays its home matches at the Le Colisée. Other sports clubes include FC Chalon, HBC Chalon-sur-Saône, Volley-Ball Chalon-sur-Saône and the former RC Chalon.


Notable people associated with the city include:


International relations[edit]

Chalon-sur-Saône is twinned with:[14]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in French)., Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 13 September 2022.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chalon-sur-Saône" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 811–812.
  4. ^ Pierre Lévêque. ed.Histoire de Chalon-sur-Saône :19.
  5. ^ Gérard Coulon, Les Gallo-Romains : vivre, travailler, croire, se distraire - 54 av. J.-C.-486 ap. J.-C., Paris : Errance, 2006. Collection Hespérides, ISBN 2-87772-331-3, p. 21.
  6. ^ Van Dam, Raymond (2005), "Merovingian Gaul and the Frankish conquests", The New Cambridge Medieval History, Cambridge University Press, pp. 193–231, doi:10.1017/chol9780521362917.010, ISBN 9781139053938
  7. ^ Jacques Le Goff, Time, Work, and Culture in the Middle Ages :160 note 5.
  8. ^  Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "St. Peter Damian". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  9. ^ Niepce Museum, Other Inventions Archived 2005-12-20 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Chalon-sur-Saône, EHESS. (in French)
  11. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  12. ^ Festival Chalon dans la rue official website
  13. ^ "Home".
  14. ^ "Les villes partenaires". (in French). Chalon-sur-Saône. 17 January 2016. Retrieved 2019-11-20.


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. {{cite encyclopedia}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  • Westermann, Großer Atlas zur Weltgeschichte (in German)

External links[edit]