Chalunka

Coordinates: 34°49′26″N 76°56′06″E / 34.824°N 76.935°E / 34.824; 76.935
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Chalunka
Chulungkha
Village
Chalunka is located in Ladakh
Chalunka
Chalunka
Location in Ladakh
Chalunka is located in India
Chalunka
Chalunka
Chalunka (India)
Coordinates: 34°49′26″N 76°56′06″E / 34.824°N 76.935°E / 34.824; 76.935
Country India
Union territoryLadakh
DistrictLeh
TehsilNubra
Population
 (2011)
 • Total516
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Census code914
Map
15km
10miles
none
Chorbat Lungpa
Chorbat
Lungpa
Hanu stream
Hanu
stream
Shyok river
Shyok river
Batalik
Batalik
Khaplu
Khaplu
Chalunka
Chalunka
Turtuk
Turtuk
Hassanabad Chorbat
Hassanabad
Chorbat La
Chorbat La
Chorbat

Chalunka (also known as Chalunkha or Chulungkha) is a small mountainous village, in Nubra tehsil and Turtuk community development block, in Chorbat area of Shyok River valley in Ladakh, India.[1][2] At the end of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947, it was on the cease-fire line agreed between the India and Pakistan.[3] After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, the village came under the jurisdiction of Indian-administered Jammu & Kashmir.

History[edit]

Chalunka, along with Tyakshi, Turtuk and Thang, became part of the Pakistani-administered Northern Areas following the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947–1948.

During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, on 10 December 1971, the Ladakh Scouts under the command of Major Chewang Rinchen cleared the village of the Pakistani forces (two companies of Karakoram Scouts).[4][5] Advancing further, they attacked Turtuk on 11 December, and captured it by 14 December.[4]

After the Simla Agreement of 1972, they were incorporated into the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Following the reorganisation of the state in August 2019, these villages became part of the union territory of Ladakh.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census of India, Chulungkha has 42 households. The effective literacy rate (i.e. the literacy rate of population excluding children aged 6 and below) is 91.1%.[6]

Demographics (2011 Census)[6]
Total Male Female
Population 516 403 113
Children aged below 6 years 44 22 22
Scheduled caste 53 53 0
Scheduled tribe 223 110 113
Literates 430 372 58
Workers (all) 362 348 14
Main workers (total) 353 342 11
Main workers: Cultivators 36 27 9
Main workers: Agricultural labourers 1 1 0
Main workers: Household industry workers 0 0 0
Main workers: Other 316 314 2
Marginal workers (total) 9 6 3
Marginal workers: Cultivators 2 1 1
Marginal workers: Agricultural labourers 3 1 2
Marginal workers: Household industry workers 0 0 0
Marginal workers: Others 4 4 0
Non-workers 154 55 99


References[edit]

  1. ^ Vohra, Mythic Lore from Nubra Valley (1990), p. 231.
  2. ^ "Blockwise Village Amenity Directory 2014–15" (PDF). Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 April 2018.
  3. ^ Krishna Rao, Prepare or Perish (1991), p. 472, item (d).
  4. ^ a b Chakravorty, Stories of Heroism (1995), p. 140.
  5. ^ Cheema, Crimson Chinar (2015), pp. 311–312.
  6. ^ a b "Leh district census". 2011 Census of India. Directorate of Census Operations. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
Sources