Chalus, Iran

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chalus on Chalus River with "Pol-e Ahani (Iron Bridge)
Chalus Road
Chalus Forests, Zavat
Official seal of Chalus
Location of Chalus
Chalus is located in Iran
Coordinates: 36°39′18″N 51°25′13″E / 36.65500°N 51.42028°E / 36.65500; 51.42028Coordinates: 36°39′18″N 51°25′13″E / 36.65500°N 51.42028°E / 36.65500; 51.42028
 • TypeMayor, City Council
 • MayorJafar Shams
 • Representative in MajlesGhasem Ahmadi Lashaki
 (2016 Census)
 • Total65,196 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

Chalus (Persian: چالوس; mazandarani: Chāles ;romanized: Chālūs, Chaloos, Chalousse, Chalous, and Čâlus)[2][3] is a city in Mazandaran Province in north of Iran.


It serves as the county seat for Chalus County. According to the 2006 census, it has a population of 44,618, in 12,791 families.[4]

The people residing in Chalus speak Mazanderani language. In the west of Chalus, the dialect of Kalarestaqi is spoken and in the east of Chalus, the dialect of Kojuri.[5][6]

Mazandarani people have a background in Tabari ethnicity and speak Mazandarni. Their origin goes back to Tapuri people. So their land was called Tapuria, the land of Tapuris. Tapuris were made to migrate to the south coast of the Caspian Sea during the Achaemenid dynasty.[7][8][9]

The native people of Sari, shahi, babol, Amol, Nowshahr, Chalus, and Tonekabon are Mazandarani people and speak the Mazandarani language.[10][11]

The eastern Gilaki is spoken in the entire valley of the Čālūs river, though some Kurdish tribes were established in the yeylāq of Kojūr and Kalārdašt in the Qajar period.[12]

Chalus is a major vacation destination for Iranians during holidays for its nice weather and natural attractions. One of the great attractions of Chalus is the mountainous road leading to Chalus, widely known as Chalus Road. This city has a reputation for a number of villages, one of which is called Shahrak-e Namak Abrud. This village offers a variety of different entertaining activities, such as a cable car, offering a view of the surrounding mountains.


The city is in the Mazandaran Province in northern Iran. The bordering counties are Noshahr to the east, Tonekabon to the west in Mazandaran province and Tehran province to the south. It sits on the Chalus River by the Caspian.


Chalus has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa, Trewartha: Cf), with warm, humid summers and cool, damp winters.


Chalus used to be called "Salus" or "Shalus". It has a long history of rebels and fights with regional rulers or occupying foreign forces. Chalus used to have a large silk factory that was active from 1936 to 1958, and exported fabrics and other silk products to different countries.

Chalus is part of the Kelarestaq area of Ruyan (Tabaristan). Ruyan was an ancient land in the west of Mazandaran Province during the Baduspanids era. This land includes Kojur, Kelarestaq and Tonekabon. The city of Kojur was the centre of the land of the Ruyans. Ruyan has always been part of the Tabaristan, nowadays called Mazandaran province. The Ruyan was also called the Rostamdār, Ostandār and Rostamdele.[5]

Notable sites[edit]

Gole Sorkhi, Kaakh (The Palace), Chalus Mahalleh, Radyo Darya, Dahgiri, Sheykh Ghotb are among the most notable neighborhoods of Chalus.

The Taliesin Associated Architects (Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation) had three buildings built in Iran, one of which was the summer residence of Shams Pahlavi known as Mehrafarin Palace in Chalus (presently occupied by the local police).[13]


  1. ^ "Statistical Center of Iran > Home".
  2. ^ Chalus, Iran can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3057857" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ Hourcade, Bernard (December 15, 1990). "ČĀLŪS". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. IV, Fasc. 7. pp. 720–722. Archived from the original on 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  4. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
  5. ^ a b Borjian, Habib (July 31, 2010). "KALĀRESTĀQ i. The District and Sub-District". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. XV, Fasc. 4. Sohrāb Eḥsāni (local informant). pp. 367–369. Archived from the original on 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  6. ^ Borjian, Habib (June 26, 2013). "KOJUR i. Historical Geography". Encyclopaedia Iranica. Archived from the original on 2013-11-17. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  7. ^ Borjian, Habib (2004). "Māzandarān: Language and People". Iran & the Caucasus. Brill. 8 (2): 291. doi:10.1163/1573384043076045. JSTOR 4030997.
  8. ^ "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, illustrated by numerous engravings on wood. William Smith, LLD. London. Walton and Maberly, Upper Gower Street and Ivy Lane, Paternoster Row; John Murray, Albemarle Street. 1854. ,TAPU´RI". Retrieved 2021-02-04.
  9. ^ Potts, Daniel (2014). Nomadism in Iran: From Antiquity to the Modern Era. Oxford University Press. p. 110. ISBN 9780199330799. Retrieved 2021-12-15.
  10. ^ "Glottolog 4.6 - Mazanderani".
  11. ^ Windfuhr, G. L. 1989. New Iranian languages: Overview. In Rüdiger Schmitt, ed., Compendium linguarum Iranicarum. Wiesbaden: L. Reichert. pp. 490.
  12. ^ Foundation، Encyclopaedia Iranica. «Welcome to Encyclopaedia Iranica».
  13. ^ Kasraie, Nima (June 4, 2004). "Spiraling into Oblivion, A film by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick". The Iranian. Archived from the original on 2020-05-27. Retrieved 2021-04-07.