Chalus, Iran

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Chalus
چالوس
City
Chalus on Chalus River with "Pol-e Ahani (Iron Bridge)"
Chalus on Chalus River with "Pol-e Ahani (Iron Bridge)"
Official seal of Chalus
Location of Chalus
Chalus is located in Iran
Chalus
Chalus
Coordinates: 36°39′18″N 51°25′13″E / 36.65500°N 51.42028°E / 36.65500; 51.42028Coordinates: 36°39′18″N 51°25′13″E / 36.65500°N 51.42028°E / 36.65500; 51.42028
Country Iran
ProvinceMazandaran
CountyChalus
BakhshCentral
Government
 • TypeMayor, City Council
 • MayorJafar Shams
 • Representative in MajlesGhasem Ahmadi Lashaki
Population
 (2016 Census)
 • Total65,196 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Websitehttp://www.chalouscity.ir/

Chalus (Persian: چالوس‎; romanized: Chālūs, Chaloos, Chalousse, Chalous, and Čālūs)[2][3] is a city in Mazandaran Province in north of Iran.

About[edit]

It serves as the county seat for Chalus County. According to the 2006 census, it has a population of 44,618, in 12,791 families.[4]

The people residing in Chalus speak Mazanderani language. In the west of Chalus, the dialect of Kalarestaqi is spoken and in the east of Chalus, the dialect of Kojuri.[5][6]

Chalus is a major vacation destination for Iranians during holidays for its nice weather and natural attractions. One of the great attractions of Chalus is the mountainous road leading to Chalus, widely known as Chalus Road. This city has a reputation for a number of villages, one of which is called Shahrak-e Namak Abrud. This village offers a variety of different entertaining activities, such as a cable car, offering a view of the surrounding mountains.

Location[edit]

Chalus Road

The city is in the Mazandaran Province in northern Iran. The bordering counties are Noshahr to the east, Tonekabon to the west in Mazandaran province and Tehran province to the south. It sits on the Chalus River by the Caspian.

History[edit]

Chalus used to be called "Salus" or "Shalus". It has a long history of rebels and fights with regional rulers or occupying foreign forces. Chalus used to have a large silk factory that was active from 1936 to 1958, and exported fabrics and other silk products to different countries.

Chalus is part of the Kalarestaq area and Kalarestaq is part of Ruyan. Ruyan is a land in the west of Mazandaran Province, Iran. This land includes Kojur, Kalārestāq and Tonekabon. The city of Kojur was the centre of the land of the Ruyans. Ruyan has always been part of the Tabaristan, nowadays called Mazandaran province. The Ruyan was also called the Rostamdār, Ostandār and Rostamdele.[5]

Notable sites[edit]

Gole Sorkhi, Kaakh (The Palace), Chalus Mahalleh, Radyo Darya, Dahgiri, Sheykh Ghotb are among the most notable neighborhoods of Chalus.

The Taliesin Associated Architects (Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation) had three buildings built in Iran, one of which was the summer residence of Shams Pahlavi known as Mehrafarin Palace in Chalus (presently occupied by the local police).[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistical Center of Iran > Home".
  2. ^ Chalus, Iran can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3057857" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ Hourcade, Bernard (December 15, 1990). "ČĀLŪS". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. IV, Fasc. 7. pp. 720–722. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  4. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
  5. ^ a b Borjian, Habib (July 31, 2010). "KALĀRESTĀQ i. The District and Sub-District". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. XV, Fasc. 4. Sohrāb Eḥsāni (local informant). pp. 367–369. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  6. ^ Borjian, Habib (June 26, 2013). "KOJUR i. Historical Geography". Encyclopaedia Iranica. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  7. ^ Kasraie, Nima (June 4, 2004). "Spiraling into Oblivion, A film by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick". The Iranian. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
Map of central Alborz Peaks: 1 Alam-Kuh
  −25 to 500 m (−82 to 1,640 ft)
  500 to 1,500 m (1,600 to 4,900 ft)
  1,500 to 2,500 m (4,900 to 8,200 ft)
  2,500 to 3,500 m (8,200 to 11,500 ft)
  3,500 to 4,500 m (11,500 to 14,800 ft)
  4,500 to 5,610 m (14,760 to 18,410 ft)
2 Azad Kuh 3 Damavand
4 Do Berar 5 Do Khaharan
6 Ghal'eh Gardan 7 Gorg
8 Kholeno 9 Mehr Chal
10 Mishineh Marg 11 Naz
12 Shah Alborz 13 Sialan
14 Tochal 15 Varavašt
Rivers: 0
1 Alamut 2 Chalus
3 Do Hezar 4 Haraz
5 Jajrood 6 Karaj
7 Kojoor 8 Lar
9 Noor 10 Sardab
11 Seh Hazar 12 Shahrood
Cities: 1 Amol
2 Chalus 3 Karaj
Other: D Dizin
E Emamzadeh Hashem K Kandovan Tunnel
* Latyan Dam ** Lar Dam