Chamaecrista

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Chamaecrista
Starr 080208-2456 Chamaecrista nictitans.jpg
Chamaecrista nictitans
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae[1]
Tribe: Cassieae
Subtribe: Cassiinae
Genus: Chamaecrista
(L.) Moench
Sections, Series, and Species

Over 300; see text.

Synonyms[2]
  • Cassia Vogel ex Benth. 1870
  • Cassia (DC. ex Collad.) Symon 1966
  • Cassia sect. Lasiorhegma Vogel 1837
  • Cassia subgen. Lasiorhegma Vogel ex Benth. 1870
  • Cassia subgen. Lasiorhegma sensu Irwin & Bameby 1977
  • Cassia subgen. Absus (DC.) Symon 1966
  • Chamaecrista sensu Greene 1897
  • Chamaecrista sensu Britton 1930
  • Chamaecrista sensu Britton & Killip 1936
  • Chamaecrista sensu Pittier 1945
  • Chamaecrista sensu ampliat. Irwin & Barneby 1976
  • Chamaecrista sensu ampliat. Irwin & Barneby 1981
  • Grimaldia Schrank 1805
  • Sooja Siebold

Chamaecrista is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae, subfamily Caesalpinioideae. Members of the genus are commonly known as sensitive pea.[3] Several species are capable of rapid plant movement. Unlike the related genera Cassia and Senna, members of Chamaecrista form root nodules.

Species[edit]

Chamaecrista comprises the following species, organized into sections, subsections, and series:[2][4][5][6][7][8]

Section Apoucouita Benth.[edit]

Series Apoucouita

Series Pteridophyllae

Section Absus DC. ex Colladon emend. Irwin & Barneby[edit]

Subsection Absus DC. ex Colladon

Series Absoideae

Series Adenophyllae

Series Andromedeae

Series Atroglandulosae

Series Bracteolatae

Series Catharticae

Series Confertae

Series Ericifoliae

Series Geminatae

Series Glutinosae

Series Gracillimae

Series Hassleranae

Series Hedysaroides

Series Incanae

Series Incurvatae

Series Lomatopodae

Series Lucidae

Series Microphyllae

Series Nigricantes

Series Ochnaceae

Series Oligospermae

Series Paniculatae

  • Chamaecrista celiae (H.S.Irwin & Barneby) H.S.Irwin
  • Chamaecrista claussenii (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. claussenii (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. cyclophylla (H.S.Irwin & Barneby) H.S.Irwin
    • var. megacycla (H.S.Irwin & Barneby) H.S.Irwin
  • Chamaecrista lundii (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
  • Chamaecrista orbiculata (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. cercidifolia (H.S.Irwin & Barneby) H.S.Irwin
    • var. orbiculata (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. trichothyrsus (Harms) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. ustulata (H.S.Irwin & Barneby) H.S.Irwin
  • Chamaecrista pachyclada (Harms) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
  • Chamaecrista rigidifolia (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. rigidifolia (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. veadeirana (H.S.Irwin & Barneby) H.S.Irwin

Series Pinifoliae

Series Rigidulae

Series Secundae

Series Setosae

Series Spinulosae

Series Strictifoliae

Series Trachycarpae

Series Unijugae

Series Ursinae

Subsection Adenophyllum Irwin & Barneby

Subsection Baseophyllum (Colladon) Irwin & Barneby

  • Chamaecrista coriacea (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
  • Chamaecrista cytisoides (DC. ex Collad.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby
    • var. blanchetii (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. brachystachya (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. confertiformis (H.S.Irwin & Barneby) H.S.Irwin
    • var. cytisoides (DC. ex Collad.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby
    • var. decora (H.S.Irwin & Barneby) H.S.Irwin
    • var. micrantha (H.S.Irwin & Barneby) H.S.Irwin
    • var. unijuga (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby

Subsection Otophyllum Irwin & Barneby

Section Caliciopsis Irwin & Barneby[edit]

Section Chamaecrista Moench[edit]

Series Bauhinianae (Colladon) Irwin & Barneby

Series Chamaecrista Moench

  • Chamaecrista chamaecristoides (Collad.) Greene
    • var. brandegeei (Britton & Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. chamaecristoides (Collad.) Greene
    • var. cruziana (Britton & Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
  • Chamaecrista cuprea H.S.Irwin & Barneby
  • Chamaecrista deeringiana Small & Pennell
  • Chamaecrista fasciculata (Michx.) Greene—Showy Partridge Pea
  • Chamaecrista glandulosa (L.) Greene—Jamaican Broom
    • var. andicola H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. andreana (Britton & Killip) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. brasiliensis (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. flavicoma (Kunth) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. glandulosa (L.) Greene
    • var. mirabilis (Pollard) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. parralensis (H.S.Irwin & Barneby) H.S.Irwin
    • var. picardae (Urb.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. swartzii (Wikstr.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. tristicula (Kunth) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
  • Chamaecrista lineata (Sw.) Greene
    • var. brachyloba (Griseb.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. brevipila (Urb.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. jamaicensis (Britton) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. keyensis (Pennell) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. lineata (Sw.) Greene
    • var. pinoi (Britton & Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
  • Chamaecrista mimosoides (L.) Greene
  • Chamaecrista nictitans (L.) Moench
    • subsp. brachypoda (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • subsp. disadena (Steud.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • subsp. nictitans (L.) Moench
    • subsp. patellaria (Collad.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. aspera (Elliott) Torr. & A.Gray
    • var. diffusa (DC.) H.S. Irwin & Barneby
    • var. glabrata (Vogel) H.S. Irwin & Barneby
    • var. jaliscensis (Greenm.) H.S. Irwin & Barneby
    • var. mensalis (Greenm.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. pilosa (Benth.) H.S. Irwin & Barneby
    • var. praetexta (Vogel) H.S. Irwin & Barneby
  • Chamaecrista obcordata (Sw.) Britton
  • Chamaecrista pascuorum (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
  • Chamaecrista pedemontana H.S.Irwin & Barneby
  • Chamaecrista pedicellaris (DC.) Britton
    • var. adenosperma (Urb.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. pedicellaris (DC.) Britton
  • Chamaecrista portoricensis (Urb.) O.F.Cook & G.N.Collins
  • Chamaecrista pygmaea (DC.) Britton
    • var. pygmaea (DC.) Britton
    • var. savannarum (Britton) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
  • Chamaecrista repens (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. multijuga (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. repens (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
  • Chamaecrista rufa (M.Martens & Galeotti) Britton
  • Chamaecrista venturiana H.S.Irwin & Barneby
  • Chamaecrista vestita (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby

Series Coriaceae (Bentham) Irwin & Barneby

Series Flexuosae Irwin & Barneby

Series Greggianae Irwin & Barneby

  • Chamaecrista greggii (A. Gray) Pollard ex A. H. Heller
    • var. greggii (A. Gray) Pollard ex A. H. Heller
    • var. macdougaliana (Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. potosina (Britton & Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby

Series Prostratae (Bentham) Irwin & Bameby

Section Grimaldia (Schrank) Irwin & Barneby[edit]

  • Chamaecrista absus (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. absus (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. meonandra (H.S.Irwin & Barneby) H.S.Irwin

Section Xerocalyx (Bentham) Irwin & Barneby[edit]

  • Chamaecrista desvauxii (Collad.) Killip
    • var. brevipes (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. desvauxii (Collad.) Killip
    • var. langsdorffii (Kunth ex Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. latifolia (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. latistipula (Benth.) G.P.Lewis
    • var. linearis (H.S.Irwin) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. malacophylla (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. mollissima (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. pirebebuiensis (Chodat & Hassl.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. saxatilis (Amshoff) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. triumviralis H.S.Irwin & Barneby
  • Chamaecrista diphylla (L.) Greene
  • Chamaecrista ramosa (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. curvifolia (Vogel) G.P.Lewis
    • var. erythrocalyx (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. lucida (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. parvifoliola (H.S.Irwin) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. ramosa (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • var. ventuarensis (H.S.Irwin) H.S.Irwin & Barneby

Incertae Sedis[edit]

Species names with uncertain taxonomic status[edit]

The status of the following species is unresolved:[8]

  • Chamaecrista bella Conc., L.P.Queiroz & G.P.Lewis
  • Chamaecrista biddulphiana Pedley
  • Chamaecrista bissei A.Barreto & Yakovlev
  • Chamaecrista ×blanchetiformis Conc., L.P.Queiroz & Borba
  • Chamaecrista blanchetii (Benth.) Conc., L.P.Queiroz & G.P.Lewis
  • Chamaecrista burmanni Eckl. & Zeyh.
  • Chamaecrista commixta auct.
  • Chamaecrista cupeyalensis A.Barreto & Yakovlev
  • Chamaecrista deserti Pedley
  • Chamaecrista exigua Pedley
  • Chamaecrista falcifoliolata A.Barreto & Yakovlev
  • Chamaecrista grisea Pedley
  • Chamaecrista guanensis A.Barreto & Yakovlev
  • Chamaecrista macambensis A.Barreto & Yakovlev
  • Chamaecrista maritima Pedley
  • Chamaecrista moorei Pedley
  • Chamaecrista mwangokae Gereau & G.M.Walters
  • Chamaecrista nana Conc., L.P.Queiroz & G.P.Lewis
  • Chamaecrista ×patyensis Conc., L.P.Queiroz & Borba
  • Chamaecrista rusbyi Britton & Rose ex Pittier
  • Chamaecrista symonii Pedley
  • Chamaecrista takhtajanii A.Barreto & Yakovlev
  • Chamaecrista vestita (Vogel) Govaerts
  • Chamaecrista xanthadena (Mart. ex Benth.) Govaerts

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG). (2017). "A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny". Taxon. 66 (1): 44–77. doi:10.12705/661.3. 
  2. ^ a b Irwin HS, Barneby RC. (1982). The American Cassiinae: A synoptical revision of Leguminosae tribe Cassieae subtribe Casiinae in the New World, Part 2 (PDF). Bronx, N.Y.: New York Botanical Garden. OCLC 8553234. b1010840. 
  3. ^ "Chamaecrista". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  4. ^ Irwin HS, Barneby RC. (1978). Monographic Studies in Cassia (Leguminosae Caesalpinioideae). III. Sections Absus and Grimaldia (PDF). Bronx, N.Y.: New York Botanical Garden. ISBN 0-89327-197-7. OCLC 9514341. b1095237. 
  5. ^ Lock JM. (1988). "Cassia sens.lat. (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae) in Africa". Kew Bull. 43 (2): 333–342. doi:10.2307/4113742. JSTOR 4113742. 
  6. ^ "ILDIS LegumeWeb entry for Chamaecrista". International Legume Database & Information Service. Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics. Retrieved 5 January 2017. 
  7. ^ USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. "GRIN species records of Chamaecrista". Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 5 January 2017. 
  8. ^ a b "The Plant List entry for Chamaecrista". The Plant List. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden. 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2017. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Chamaecrista at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Chamaecrista at Wikispecies