Chamaedorea elegans

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Chamaedorea elegans
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Genus: Chamaedorea
Species:
C. elegans
Binomial name
Chamaedorea elegans
Mart., 1830[1]
Subspecies
  • C. elegans var. elegans
  • C. elegans var. angustifolia M. Martens & Galeotti[2]
Synonyms
  • Collinia elegans (Mart.) Liebm.[3] ex Oerst.[4]
  • Collinia elegans var. angustifolia (M. Martens & Galeotti) M. Martens & Galeotti[5]
  • Neanthe bella O.F.Cook
  • Nunnezharia elegans (Mart.) Kuntze, 1891[6]
  • Neanthe elegans (Mart.) O.F.Cook, 1937[7]

Chamaedorea elegans, the neanthe bella palm or parlour palm, is species of small palm tree native to the rainforests in Southern Mexico and Guatemala.[8] The parlor palm is one of the most heavily sold houseplant palms in the world. It is one of several species with leaves that are harvested as xate.

It is used in gardens in sub-tropical climates, such as the Southeastern United States, and in tropical areas, growing to 2–3 m (6 ft 7 in–9 ft 10 in) tall (rarely to 4–5 m (13–16 ft) with slender, cane-like stems. It is often cultivated in temperate regions as a houseplant, where it grows to 2 m (6 ft 7 in) tall with very slow growth, tolerating low levels of humidity and light, though it prefers medium to high humidity and bright indirect light.[9] It is a versatile and almost no-maintenance plant[citation needed] that is able to grow in every indoor and outdoor conditions. These plants are not tolerant of frost and must be kept indoors in winter in non-tropical climates.

There are believed to be at least two varieties of Chamedorea elegans. One has a thinner stem and tends to grow at lower elevations. The highland variety tends to have a thicker stem.[citation needed]

This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martius. Linnaea 5: 204. 1830
  2. ^ M. Martens & Galeotti Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 10(1): 122 1843
  3. ^ Liebm. Overs. Kongel. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. Forh. Medlemmers Arbeider 1845: 8 1846
  4. ^ Oerst. Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1858: 6 1859
  5. ^ M. Martens & Galeotti Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 10: 122 1843
  6. ^ Kuntze Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 730. 1891
  7. ^ O.F.Cook Science new series 86: 122. 1937
  8. ^ Gilman, Edward F. "Chamaedorea elegans Parlor Palm". EDIS. University of Florida IFAS Extension. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
  9. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
  10. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Chamaedorea elegans". Retrieved 4 July 2013.