Chamaemyiidae

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Chamaemyiidae
EuropäischenZweiflügeligen1790TafCCXLV.jpg
Chamaemyia aridella (Fallen, 1823) figure in plate from Europäischen Zweiflügeligen (figure 4) see also 5 Ochthiphila nigrimana 6 Ochthiphila albiceps 7 Ochthiphila juncorum Fallen 8 Ochthiphila elegans Panzer, 1809
Scientific classification
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Chamaemyiidae
Subfamilies

The Chamaemyiidae are a small family of acalyptrate flies with less than 200 species described worldwide. The larvae of these small flies are active and predatory and are often used for biological control of aphids, scale insects, and similar pests. Chamaemyiid fossils are poorly represented in amber deposits, but a few examples are known from the Eocene epoch onwards.

Morphological details of the Chamaemyiidae

Description[edit]

For terms, see Morphology of Diptera
The Chamaemyiidae are small flies 9 (1–5 mm), usually greyish in colour. The frons is wide, with at most two pairs of bristles (often bare). The face is gently concave or strongly receding. Oral vibrissae are absent and the postvertical bristles are convergent or absent. The proboscis is short and the antennae are short. The mesonotum is with or without bristles. Prothoracic bristles are absent and with one sternopleural bristle. The mesopleura are usually bare, rarely setulose. The front femora bear bristles. The tibiae are without preapical bristles. Wings with the subcosta are entire, sometimes touching the first vein before its end. The anal vein does not reach nearly to the wing margin, the anal and second basal cells are always complete, and the costa is not broken. The abdomen is short or slightly elongated.

Classification[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m McAlpine, J.F. (1965). Family Chamaemyiidae (Ochtiphilidae). in: Stone, A., Sabrosky, C.W., Wirth, W.W., Foote, R.H. & Coulson, J.R. (eds.), A Catalog of the Diptera of America North of Mexico. Washington, DC: United States Department of Agriculture. pp. 706–709.
  2. ^ Gaimari, Stephen D. (2012). "A new genus and species of Chamaemyiidae (Diptera: Lauxanioidea) from South America feeding on Ceroplastes wax scales (Hemiptera: Coccidae), and status of the genus Ortalidina as a chamaemyiid" (PDF). Zootaxa. Auckland, New Zealand: Magnolia Press. 3342: 39–50. ISSN 1175-5334. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Meigen, Johann Wilhelm (1803). "Versuch einer neuen Gattungseintheilung der europäischen zweiflügeligen Insekten". Magazin für Insektenkunde. 2: 259–281. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
  4. ^ Gaimari, Stephen D. (2012). "A new Afrotropical genus of Chamaemyiidae (Diptera: Lauxanioidea)". African Invertebrates. 53 (1): 157–168.
  5. ^ Gaimari, Stephen D.; Tanasijtshuk, Vitali N. (2001). "A new leucopine genus (Diptera: Chamaemyiidae) with species attacking Ceroplastes wax scales (Hemiptera:Coccidae) in South America" (PDF). Systematic Entomology. 26 (3): 311–328. Retrieved 7 September 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Tanasiychuk, VN, 1986 Fauna USSR: Diptera. Vol. 14, part 7: Mukhi-serebryanki (Chamaeiidae) Nauka Leningrad. Text Russian 608 text figs, 70 b/w photos. 335pp.

External links[edit]

Data related to Chamaemyiidae at Wikispecies