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The City of Chamraja Wodeyar IX
|Coordinates: 11°55′34″N 76°56′25″E / 11.9260°N 76.9402°E|
|Named for||Chamaraja Wodeyar IX|
|• Body||Municipal Council of Chamarajanagar|
|• Total||18.75 km2 (7.24 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,700/km2 (9,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Chamarajanagar or Chamarajanagara is a town in the southern part of Karnataka, India. Named after Chamaraja Wodeyar IX, the erstwhile king of Mysore, previously known as 'Arikottara'. Chamarajanagara is the headquarters of Chamarajanagar district. It is located on the interstate highway linking the neighboring states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
Chamarajanagar was earlier known as Sri Arikottara. Chamaraja Wodeyar, the Wodeyar of Mysuru was born here and hence this place was renamed after him. The Vijaya Parsvanath Basadi, a holy jain shrine was constructed by Punisadandanayaka, the commander of the Hoysala king Gangaraja in the year 1117 AD.
Chamarajnagar is located at 11°55′N 76°57′E / 11.92°N 76.95°E. It has an average elevation of 662 metres (2,172 ft).
As of the 2011 census, Chamrajanagar had a population of 69875. Males constituted 51% of the population and females 49%. Chamrajanagar has an average literacy rate of 60%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 65% and female literacy of 54%. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Chamarajanagar railway station is the southernmost rail point in Karnataka. There is a direct train to Tirupati which starts at three in the afternoon and a direct train to Bengaluru in the morning. The nearest airport is Mysore airport and the nearest international airports are in Coimbatore International Airport and Kempegowda International Airport
Maaravva or Maaramma is the most widely worshiped deity in the town, more than ten temples of Maaravva can be found in the town. Chamarajeshwara Temple and Haralu Kote Anjaneya Temple are the biggest and the oldest temples respectively. Apart from these, the town has many temples. As far as other religious beliefs are concerned, the town has more than 15 mosques, 5 churches, 2 Jain Basadis, and 2 Buddha Viharas.
Since a lot of the southern area of the district is dense forest, it provides good refuge to the notorious bandit Veerappan, responsible for the death of over a hundred policemen. He was shot dead in an encounter with the specially formed Special Task Force (STF) on 18 October 2004 in Dharmapuri district, Tamil Nadu. He had been on the run for over two decades. The presence of illegal quarrying for black stone imposes a great threat to the forests in the region.
- Male Mahadeshwara Hills
- Biligiriranga Hills
- Bandipur National Park,
- Chinnada Gudi Hundi
- Badana Guppe
- Mariyala-Gangavadi Halt
- Mysore–Chamarajanagar branch line
- ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Chamarajnagar". Retrieved 1 November 2008.[permanent dead link]
- ^ "Census of India 2011". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.