Coordinates: 15°47′59″S 47°51′51″W / 15.79972°S 47.86417°W / -15.79972; -47.86417

Chamber of Deputies (Brazil)

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Chamber of Deputies

Câmara dos Deputados
57th Legislature of the National Congress
Logo of the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
Founded6 May 1826 (1826-05-06)
New session started
1 February 2023 (2023-02-01)
Leadership
Arthur Lira, PP
since 1 February 2021
Government Leader
José Guimarães, PT
since 6 January 2023
Majority Leader
André Figueiredo, PDT
since 16 April 2024
Minority Leader
Bia Kicis, PL
since 21 February 2024
Opposition Leader
Filipe Barros, PL
since 1 April 2024
Structure
Seats513
Political groups
Government (226)
  FE Brasil (80)
  MDB (44)
  PSD (44)
  PDT (18)
  PSB (14)
  Avante (7)

Opposition (115)

  PL (95)
  NOVO (3)

Independents (172)

  UNIÃO (58)
  PP (50)
  Republicanos (43)
  PODE (15)
  PRD (5)
Length of term
4 years
SalaryR$ 39,293 monthly (and benefits)[1]
Elections
Open list proportional representation (D'Hondt method) with a 2% election threshold[2]
Last election
2 October 2022
Next election
4 October 2026
Meeting place
Ulysses Guimarães plenary chamber
National Congress building
Brasília, Federal District, Brazil
Website
www.camara.leg.br

15°47′59″S 47°51′51″W / 15.79972°S 47.86417°W / -15.79972; -47.86417

The Chamber of Deputies (Portuguese: Câmara dos Deputados) is a federal legislative body and the lower house of the National Congress of Brazil. The chamber comprises 513 deputies, who are elected by proportional representation to serve four-year terms. The current President of the Chamber is the Deputy Arthur Lira (PP-AL), who was elected on 1 February 2021.

Structure

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The number of deputies elected is proportional to the size of the population of the respective state (or of the Federal District) as of 1994. However, no delegation can be made up of less than eight or more than seventy seats. Thus the least populous state elects eight federal deputies and the most populous elects seventy. These restrictions favour the smaller states at the expense of the more populous states and so the size of the delegations is not exactly proportional to population.

Elections to the Chamber of Deputies are held every four years, with all seats up for election.

Federal representation

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A census held every 10 years by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics is used as the basis for the distribution of the seats. Proportionality is followed as a principle, with the exception that there should be a minimum of eight (8) members and a maximum of seventy (70) members per state. Per the 2010 census, states with 3,258,117 inhabitants upwards have 9 to 70 deputies.

As a result, although most states hover around an average of 362,013 inhabitants by deputy (per the 2010 census), some states with smaller populations have a much lower average, such as Roraima (1 for 51,000 inhabitants).

Federal state Deputies currently allotted % Population (2010 Census) % Population per deputy Deputies in proportional allotment Difference (actual−proportional)
São Paulo 70 13.6% 39,924,091 21.5% 570,344 110 –40
Minas Gerais 53 10.3% 19,159,260 10.3% 361,495 53 0
Rio de Janeiro 46 9% 15,180,636 8.2% 330,014 42 +4
Bahia 39 7.6% 13,633,969 7.3% 349,589 38 +1
Rio Grande do Sul 31 6% 10,576,758 5.7% 341,186 29 +2
Paraná 30 5.8% 10,226,737 5.5% 340,891 28 +2
Pernambuco 25 4.9% 8,541,250 4.6% 341,650 24 +1
Ceará 22 4.3% 8,450,527 4.4% 371,822 23 –1
Maranhão 18 3.5% 6,424,340 3.5% 356,908 18 0
Goiás 17 3.3% 5,849,105 3.1% 344,065 16 +1
Pará 17 3.3% 7,443,904 4.0% 437,877 21 –4
Santa Catarina 16 3.1% 6,178,603 3.3% 386,163 17 –1
Paraíba 12 2.3% 3,753,633 2.0% 312,803 10 +2
Espírito Santo 10 1.9% 3,392,775 1.8% 339,278 9 +1
Piauí 10 1.9% 3,086,448 1.7% 308,645 9 +1
Alagoas 9 1.7% 3,093,994 1.7% 343,777 9 0
Acre 8 1.6% 707,125 0.4% 88,391 2 +6
Amazonas 8 1.6% 3,350,773 1.8% 418,847 9 –1
Amapá 8 1.6% 648,553 0.3% 81,069 2 +6
Distrito Federal 8 1.6% 2,469,489 1.3% 308,686 7 +1
Mato Grosso do Sul 8 1.6% 2,404,256 1.3% 300,532 7 +1
Mato Grosso 8 1.6% 2,954,625 1.6% 369,328 8 0
Rio Grande do Norte 8 1.6% 3,121,451 1.7% 390,181 9 –1
Rondônia 8 1.6% 1,535,625 0.8% 191,953 4 +4
Roraima 8 1.6% 425,398 0.2% 53,175 1 +7
Sergipe 8 1.6% 2,036,227 1.1% 254,528 6 +2
Tocantins 8 1.6% 1,373,551 0.7% 171,694 4 +4
Total 513 100% 185,712,713 100% 362,013 514 –2

Present composition

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Parties in the 57th Chamber of Deputies
Party Floor leader Seats
Liberal Party Altineu Côrtes 96
Brazil of Hope Federation Odair Cunha 81
Brazil Union Elmar Nascimento 59
Progressistas Luiz Teixeira Jr. 50
Brazilian Democratic Movement Isnaldo Bulhões Jr. 44
Social Democratic Party Antonio Brito 43
Republicanos Hugo Motta 40
PSDB Cidadania Federation Adolfo Viana 18
Democratic Labour Party Afonso Motta 18
Podemos Romero Rodrigues 15
Brazilian Socialist Party Gervásio Maia 14
PSOL REDE Federation Erika Hilton 14
Avante Luis Tibé 7
Solidariedade Aureo Ribeiro 5
Democratic Renewal Party Frederico Escaleira 4
New Party Adriana Ventura 3
Total 513

Partisan blocs composition

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Partisan bloc leadership is organized into the following roles:

  • Government Leader: elected by members of the party of the Cabinet in the Chamber to speak on behalf of the Cabinet
  • Majority Leader: elected by the leaders of the majority bloc in the Chamber, usually in support of the Cabinet
  • Opposition Leader: elected by the members of the largest party in opposition to the Cabinet
  • Minority Leader: elected by the leaders of the minority bloc, usually in opposition to the Cabinet
Bloc Deputies Leader
Government 140 José Guimarães (PT-CE)
Majority Aguinaldo Ribeiro (PP-PB)
Opposition 117 Carlos Jordy (PL-RJ)
Minority Bia Kicis (PL-DF)

Bodies

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The House of Deputies is composed of the Bureau of the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil by College Leaders and the Commissions, which can be permanent, temporary, or special inquiry.

Bureau of the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil

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The current composition of the Board of the Chamber of Deputies is the following:

President: Arthur Lira (PP-AL)
1st Vice President: Marcos Pereira (Republicanos-SP)
2nd Vice President: Sóstenes Cavalcante (PL-RJ)
1st Secretary: Luciano Bivar (UNIÃO-PE)
2nd Secretary: Maria do Rosário (PT-RS)
3rd Secretary: Júlio Cesar (PSD-PI)
4th Secretary: Lucio Mosquini (MDB-RO)
1st Substitute: Gilberto Nascimento (PSC-SP)
2nd Substitute: Pompeo de Mattos (PDT-RS)
3rd Substitute: Beto Pereira (PSDB-MS)
4th Substitute: André Ferreira (PL-PE)

Standing committees

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On 6 March 2012, was defined division of committees between parties. The House President, Marco Maia, believes that the proportionality between the parties / blocs must take into account the data of the last election. Thus, PT and PMDB, with the highest benches, were three committees (the PT made the choice first). DEM and PSDB, the two largest opposition, were two commissions each.[3] On the other hand, PSD, most harmed by this decision, filed a lawsuit in the Supreme Court (STF) trying to reverse this decision.[4]

The chair of the committee, was defined as follows:[5]

Committee Chair
Administration and Public Service Bruno Farias (Avante-MG)
Agriculture, Livestock, Supply and Rural Development Tião Medeiros (PP-PR)
Amazon and Originary and Traditional People Célia Xakriabá (PSOL-MG)
Communication Amaro Neto (Republicanos-ES)
Consumer Defence Jorge Braz (Republicanos-RJ)
Constitution, Justice and Citizenship Rui Falcão (PT-SP)
Culture Marcelo Queiroz (PP-RJ)
Defense of Women Rights Lêda Borges (PSDB-GO)
Defense of Elderly Rights Aliel Machado (PV-PR)
Defense of People with Disabilities Rights Márcio Jerry (PCdoB-MA)
Economic Development Félix Mendonça Júnior (PDT-BA)
Education Moses Rodrigues (UNIÃO-CE)
Environment and Sustainable Development José Priante (MDB-PA)
Ethics and Parliamentary Decorum Leur Lomanto Júnior (UNIÃO-BA)
Finances and Taxation Paulo Guedes (PT-MG)
Financial Oversight and Control Bia Kicis (PL-DF)
Foreign Affairs and National Defence Paulo Barbosa (PSDB-SP)
Health José Vitor Aguiar (PL-MG)
Human Rights, Minorities and Racial Equality Luizianne Lins (PT-MA)
Industry, Trade and Services Heitor Shuch (PSB-RS)
Labour Airton Faleiro (PT-PA)
Mines and Energy Rodrigo de Castro (UNIÃO-MG)
National Integration and Regional Development Fabio Garcia (UNIÃO-MT)
Participative Legislation José Silva Soares (Solidariedade-MG)
Public Security and Fight Against Organized Crime Ubiratan Sanderson (PL-RS)
Roads and Transports Cezar Freire (PSD-SP)
Science, Technology and Innovation Luisa Canziani (PSD-PR)
Social Security, Social Assistance, Childhood, Adolescence and Family Fernando Rodolfo (PL-PE)
Sports Luiz Lima (PL-RJ)
Tourism Romero Rodrigues (PSC-PB)
Urban Development Acácio Favacho (MDB-AP)

See also

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References

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  1. ^ "Conheça o valor do salário de um deputado e demais verbas parlamentares – Notícias". Chamber of Deputies of Brazil (in Brazilian Portuguese). 5 October 2018. Retrieved 28 January 2022.
  2. ^ "Gastos parlamentares - 2023". Câmara dos Deputados (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 29 March 2023.
  3. ^ Finch, Nathalia (6 March 2012), G1, "defines the distribution of the standing committees"
  4. ^ Santos, Deborah (27 February 2012), G1, "going to have the Supreme Command of committees in the House"
  5. ^ "Definidos os partidos dos presidentes das comissões; veja os nomes já indicados". Câmara dos Deputados (in Portuguese). 9 March 2021. Retrieved 9 March 2021.
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