Chamber of Deputies (Romania)
|Chamber of Deputies
Parties Supporting the Government (38)
|1992–2008: Closed list, D'Hondt method
2008–2016: nominal vote, Mixed member proportional representation
since 2016: Closed list, D'Hondt method
|11 December 2016|
|Palace of the Parliament, Bucharest|
The Chamber of Deputies (Romanian: Camera Deputaților) is the lower house in Romania's bicameral parliament. It has 329 seats to which deputies are elected by direct popular vote in single-member electoral districts using mixed member proportional representation (at the next elections using closed list party-list proportional representation) to serve four-year terms. Additionally, the organisation of each national minority is entitled to a seat in the Chamber (under the limitation that a national minority is to be represented by one organisation only).
Leadership and structure
This section needs to be updated.(December 2014)
The (Romanian: Biroul Permanent) is the body elected by the deputies that rules the Chamber. Its President is the President of the Chamber, and he/she is elected for a whole legislature (usually four years). All the other members are elected at the beginning of each parliamentary session.
There is one President, and four of each: Vicepresidents, Quaestors and Secretaries. The current composition is listed below.
|President||Liviu Dragnea||PSD||December 2016|
|Vice-Presidents||Ioan Oltean||PD-L||December 2008|
|Adrian Năstase||PSD||December 2008|
|Valeriu Zgonea||PSD||September 2010|
|Marian Sârbu||UNPR||February 2011|
|Secretaries||Dumitru Pardău||PD-L||December 2008|
|Niculae Mircovici||Minorities||February 2011|
|Georgian Pop||PSD||September 2010|
|Mihai Voicu||PNL||December 2008|
|Quaestors||Gheorghe Albu||PD-L||December 2008|
|Nicolae Bănicioiu||PSD||December 2008|
|Dan Motreanu||PNL + PC||December 2008|
|Dénes Seres||UDMR||September 2009|
Committees of the Chamber
Standing committees and current leadership are listed below.
|Committee for Economic Policy, Reform, and Privatization||Horia Grama||PSD||17 Feb. 2015|
|Committee for Budget, Finance, and, Banks||Viorel Ștefan||PSD||17 Sep. 2014|
|Committee for Industries and Services||Iulian Iancu||PSD|
|Committee for Industries and Services||Iulian Iancu||PSD|
|Committee for Transport and Infrastructure||Mihai Lupu||PNL||10 Feb. 2014|
|Committee for Agriculture, Forestry, Food Industry and Specific Services||Nini Săpunaru||PNL||9 Sep. 2010|
|Committee for Human Rights, Cults and National Minorities Issues||Nicolae Păun||Minorities|
|Committee for Public Administration and Territorial Planning||Marin Almăjanu||PNL|
|Environment and Ecological Balance||Carmen Moldovan||PSD||5 Feb. 2014|
|Committee for Labour and Social Protection||Adrian Solomon||PSD||17 Feb. 2015|
|Committee for Health and Family||Florin-Corneliu Buicu||PSD||17 Feb. 2015|
|Committee for Education, Science, Youth, and Sport||Adrian-Nicolae Diaconu||PSD||3 Mar. 2015|
|Committee for Culture, Arts, Mass Information Means||Gigel-Sorinel Știrbu||PNL||4 Mar. 2014|
|Committee for Legal Matters, Discipline, and Immunities||Liviu-Bogdan Ciucă||PC-PLR|
|Committee for Defense, Public Order, and National Security||Ion Mocioalcă||PSD|
|Committee for Foreign Policy||László Borbély||UDMR|
|Committee for the Investigation of Abuses, Corrupt Practices, and for Petitions||Mircea Man||PNL||3 Apr. 2013|
|Committee for Standing Orders||Gheorghe Emacu||PSD||27 Dec. 2013|
|Committee for Information Technology and Communications||Daniel Vasile Oajdea||DP||10 Mar. 2015|
|Committee on Equal Opportunities for Women and Men||Ștefan-Petru Dalca||DP|
|Committee for Romanian Communities Living Abroad||Mircea Lubanovici||PNL||10 Sep. 2013|
|Committee for European Affairs||Ana Birchall||PSD||3 Feb. 2015|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
|Party||Election seating||Lost||Won||Present seating|
|Social Democratic Party||154||46.95%||0||0||154||46.95%|
|National Liberal Party||69||21%||0||0||69||21%|
|Save Romania Union||30||9.15%||0||0||30||9.15%|
|Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania||21||6.4%||0||0||21||6.4%|
|People's Movement Party||18||5.5%||2||0||16||4.9%|
|Alliance of Liberals and Democrats||20||6.1%||6||0||14||4.26%|
|Ethnic minorities parties||17||5.2%||0||0||17||5.2%|
|Effective Government Majority||96||29.3%||—||84||25.62%|
Parties in the governing coalition are marked with bold.
Parties supporting the government coalition are marked with italic.
The "government majority" is calculated as the sum of PSD and ALDE seats, less the sum of all other seats.
The "effective government majority" is calculated as the sum of PSD, ALDE, UDMR and ethnic minority sets, less the sum of all other seats.
|Parliamentary Group||Election seating||Lost||Won||Present|
|Democratic Liberal Party||115||34.43%||29||12||106||37.24%|
|Social Democratic Party||114||34.13%||29||2||91||28.53%|
|National Liberal Party||65||19.46%||21||6||56||16.22%|
|Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania||22||6.59%||2||0||20||6.61%|
|Ethnic minorities parties||18||5.39%||2||0||16||5.41%|
|National Union for the Progress of Romania||—||—||16||16||12||6.01%|
|Deputies without a group||8||—|
In Romania's 2004 legislative election, held on 28 November, no party won an outright majority. The Social Democratic Party (PSD) won the largest number of seats but is currently in opposition because the Justice and Truth Alliance, the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, the Romanian Humanist Party(which later became the Conservative Party), and the National Minorities formed a governing coalition, giving it 177 seats in the Chamber of Deputies (47.9% of the total). The Conservative Party withdrew in December 2006, meaning that the government lost the majority in the Chamber of Deputies. In April 2007 the liberal prime-minister, Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, dismissed the Democratic Party ministers from the government and formed a minority government with the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, marking the end of the Justice and Truth Alliance.
During the 2004–2008 legislature, the president of the Chamber of Deputies was Bogdan Olteanu from the National Liberal Party, who was elected on 20 March 2006, after the Chamber's former president, Adrian Năstase, was forced by his own party (the Social Democratic Party, PSD) to step down amidst allegations of corruption.
After the 2004 elections, several deputies from the PSD switched to other parties (including the governing Justice and Truth Alliance) or became independents, with the total number of PSD seats being reduced from 113 to 105. The number of Justice and Truth Alliance deputies also increased from 112 to 118, making it the largest formation in parliament as of October 2006. This changed again in December 2006, leaving the PSD with 107 seats and the Justice and Truth Alliance with 101. Since April 2007 the Justice and Truth Alliance has split leaving the two former members with 51 respectively 50 members. Deputies elected to the European Parliament in the 2007 election resigned, thus reducing the number of deputies to 314 as of 4 December 2007.
A new election was held in 2008. The table below gives the state of play before the 2008 election; parties in bold were part of the governing coalition. That coalition was tacitly supported by the PSD.
|Party||% of seats||Seats|
|Social Democratic Party||32.31||105|
|Democratic Liberal Party||20.62||67|
|National Liberal Party||18.15||59|
|Greater Romania Party||6.77||22|
|Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania||6.77||22|
Elections to the Chamber of Deputies were held on 26 November 2000, in which the Social Democratic Party of Romania (PSD) won plurality. The governing majority was formed from the PSD and the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR), which, with 182 members, made up 54.8% of seats. The president of the Chamber of Deputies during this period was Valer Dorneanu, who was elected on 15 December 2000. The distribution of seats was as follows:
|Party||% of seats||Seats|
|Greater Romania Party||24.35||84|
|National Liberal Party||8.70||30|
|Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania||7.83||27|
- Chamber of Deputies website
- Filimon, Paul (20 July 2015). "Legea ALEGERILOR PARLAMENTARE pe LISTE, promulgată de Iohannis". România Liberă (in Romanian).
- Guvern minoritar Archived 15 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine. (Minority government), Evenimentul Zilei, 4 December 2006
- "Romania's prime minister names new Cabinet of minority government", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 2 April 2007.