Argentine Chamber of Deputies

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Argentine Chamber of Deputies
Honorable Cámara de Diputados de la Nación
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Emilio Monzó,
PRO
Since 4 December 2015
1st Vice President of the Chamber
José Luis Gioja,
PJ - FPV
Since 6 December 2015
First Minority Leader
Mario Negri,
UCR - Cambiemos
Since 3 february 2016
Second Minority Leader
Hector Recalde,
PJ - FPV
Since 3 february 2016
Structure
Seats 257 (List)
CamaradeDiputadosdelaNacionMarzo2016.svg
Political groups

Government (87)

Opposition (170)

  •      FpV (70)
  •      UNA (37)
  •      PJ (17)
  •      P (8)
  •      FCS (6)
  •      PpV (6)
  •      JpA (5)
  •      CF (3)
  •      FIT (3)
  •      FCM (3)
  •      BdB (2)
  •      Others (8)
Elections
Party-list proportional representation
D'Hondt method
Last election
Argentine general election, 2015
Meeting place
Sala de la Cámara de Diputados.jpg
Chamber of Deputies, Argentine Congress,
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Website
http://www.diputados.gov.ar

The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of the Argentine National Congress. The Chamber holds exclusive rights to levy taxes; to draft troops; and to accuse the President, cabinet ministers, and members of the Supreme Court before the Senate.

Current composition[edit]

It has 257 seats and one-half of the members are elected every two years to serve four-year terms by the people of each district (23 provinces and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires) using proportional representation, D'Hondt formula with a 3% of the district registered voters threshold, and the following distribution:

By province[edit]

Province Deputies
Buenos Aires City 25
Buenos Aires 70
Catamarca 5
Chaco 7
Chubut 5
Córdoba 18
Corrientes 7
Entre Ríos 9
Formosa 5
Jujuy 5
La Pampa 5
La Rioja 5
Mendoza 10
Misiones 7
Neuquén 5
Río Negro 5
Salta 7
San Juan 6
San Luis 5
Santa Cruz 5
Santa Fe 19
Santiago del Estero 7
Tierra del Fuego 5
Tucumán 9

By political groups[edit]

All data from official website.[1]

Alliance Political party Leader
Cambiemos (87) Republican Proposal (42) Mario Negri
Civic Radical Union (36)
Civic Coalition ARI (4)
Civic and Social Front of Catamarca (3)
Libertad, Valores y Cambio (1)
Democratic Progressive Party (1)
Front for Victory (72) Front for Victory (70) Héctor Recalde
Movimiento Solidario Popular (1)
Concertación - FORJA (1)
Federal Union for a New Argentina (37) Renewal Front (23) Sergio Massa
United for a New Argentina (6)
Trabajo y Dignidad (2)
Neuquén People's Movement (2)
Compromise with San Juan (1)
Union for Entre Ríos (1)
We are all Chubut (1)
Diálogo y Trabajo (1)
Justicialist Party (17) Oscar Romero
Progressives (8) Socialist Party (4) Alicia Mabel Ciciliani (Co-president)
Freemen of the South Movement (3) Victoria Donda (Co-president)
Generation for a National Encounter (1) Margarita Stolbizer (Co-president)
Civic Front for Santiago (6) Cristián Oliva
Peronismo para la Victoria (6) Leonardo Grosso
Together for Argentina (5) Together for Argentina (4) Darío Giustozzi
Tucumán First (1)
Federal Compromise (3) Ivana Bianchi
Workers' Left Front (3) Néstor Pitrola
Frente de la Concordia Misionero (3) Jorge Daniel Franco
Bicentennial Front (2) Juan Francisco Casañas
One deputy parties (8) Solidario Sí (1) Carlos Heller
PTS - Left Front (1) Myriam Bregman
Party of Culture, Education and Labor (1) Francisco Plaini
Proyecto Sur (1) Alcira Argumedo
Salta Somos Todos (1) Alfredo Olmedo
Avanzar San Luis (1) Claudio Poggi
Brigadier General Juan Bautista Bustos (1) Ramón Ernesto Bernabey
Partido Bloquista de San Juan (1) Graciela María Caselles

Requirements[edit]

In order for an Argentine citizen to be elected to congress, it has to fulfil certain requirements: He or she has to be at least twenty five years old with at least four years of active citizenship and it has to be naturalized in the province that is being elected to or at least have two years of immediate residency in said province, according to art. 48 or the Argentine Constitution.

History[edit]

The Chamber of Deputies was provided for in the Constitution of Argentina, ratified on May 1, 1853. Eligibility requisites are that members be at least twenty-five years old, and have been a resident of the province they represent for at least four years; as congressional seats are elected at-large, members nominally represent their province, rather than a district.[2]

Otherwise patterned after Article One of the United States Constitution per legal scholar Juan Bautista Alberdi's treatise, Bases de la Constitución Argentina, the chamber was originally apportioned in one seat per 33,000 inhabitants. The constitution made no provision for a national census, however, and because the Argentine population doubled every twenty years from 1870 to 1930 as a result of immigration (disproportionately benefiting Buenos Aires and the Pampas area provinces), censuses were conducted generationally, rather than every decade, until 1947.[3]

Apportionment controversy[edit]

The distribution of the Chamber of Deputies is regulated since 1983 by Law 22.847, also called Ley Bignone, enacted by the last Argentine dictator, General Reynaldo Bignone, ahead of the 1983 general elections. This law established that, initially, each province shall have one deputy per 161,000 inhabitants, with standard rounding; after this is calculated, each province is granted three more deputies. If a province has fewer than five deputies, the number of deputies for that province is increased to reach that minimum.

Controversially, apportionment remains based on the 1980 population census, and has not been modified since 1983; national censuses since then have been conducted in 1991, 2001, and 2010. The minimum of five seat per province allots the smaller ones a disproportionately large representation, as well. Accordingly, this distribution does not reflect Argentina's current population balance.

Presidents of the Chamber[edit]

The President of the Chamber is elected by the majority caucus. The officeholders for this post since 1983 have been:

Term began Term ended Officeholder Party Province
December 10, 1983 April 3, 1989 Juan Carlos Pugliese UCR  Buenos Aires Province
April 3, 1989 July 8, 1989 Leopoldo Moreau UCR  Buenos Aires Province
July 8, 1989 December 10, 1999 Alberto Pierri PJ  Buenos Aires Province
December 10, 1999 December 10, 2001 Rafael Pascual UCR  City of Buenos Aires
December 10, 2001 December 10, 2005 Eduardo Camaño PJ  Buenos Aires Province
December 10, 2005 December 10, 2007 Alberto Balestrini FPV - PJ  Buenos Aires Province
December 10, 2007 December 6, 2011 Eduardo Fellner FPV - PJ  Jujuy
December 6, 2011 December 4, 2015 Julián Domínguez FPV - PJ  Buenos Aires Province
December 4, 2015 to date Emilio Monzó PRO-Cambiemos  Buenos Aires Province

Current authorities[edit]

Leadership positions include:

Title Officeholder Party Province
Chamber President Emilio Monzó PRO-Cambiemos  Buenos Aires Province
First Vice-President José Luis Gioja FPV-PJ  San Juan
Second Vice-President Patricia Giménez UCR  Mendoza
Third Vice-President Felipe Solá PJ-FR  Buenos Aires Province
Parliamentary Secretary Eugenio Inchausti
Administrative Secretary Florencia Romano
Coordinating Secretary María Luz Alonso

2011 election[edit]

e • d Argentine Chamber of Deputies: Composition, 2011-2013
  Political Party Seats Net
Change
in seats
% of
Votes
Caucus leader
Front for Victory 115 Increase28 50.8 Juliana Di Tullio
Radical Civic Union 38 Decrease5 13.5 Ricardo Gil Lavedra
Federal Peronism 23 Decrease6 10.5 Enrique Thomas
Republican Proposal 11 = 2.2 Federico Pinedo
Civic Front for Santiago (allied with Front for Victory) 7 = 1.4 Daniel Brue
Civic Coalition 6 Decrease13 3.0 Alfonso Prat Gay
Socialist Party (Progressive Ample Front) 6 = 13.6* Juan Zabalza
New Encounter (allied with Front for Victory) 5 = n.a. Martín Sabbatella
Generation for a National Encounter (Progressive Ample Front) 5 = * Margarita Stolbizer
Córdoba Civic Front (allied with Civic Coalition) 5 Increase2 0.2 Ernesto Martínez
Popular Unity (Progressive Ample Front) 5 Increase4 * Claudio Lozano
Neuquén People's Movement 3 = 0.3 Alicia Comelli
Project South 3 Decrease1 0.2 Fernando Solanas
Peronist Union 3 Increase3 n.a. Felipe Solá
Others (18 parties) 22 Decrease4 4.3
Total 257 [4][5]

* Total includes all parties in FAP, led by the Socialist Party.

2009 election[edit]

See List of current Argentine Deputies and Argentine legislative election, 2009


e • d Argentine Chamber of Deputies: Composition, 2009-2011
  Political Party

Seats
Net
Change
in seats
% of
Votes
Caucus leader
Front for Victory 87 -20 26.7 Agustín Rossi
Radical Civic Union 43 +14 9.0 Oscar Aguad
Federal Peronism 29 +25 8.7 Felipe Solá
Civic Coalition 19 +4 18.1 Elisa Carrió
Republican Proposal 11 +3 18.5 Federico Pinedo
Civic Front for Santiago (allied with Front for Victory) 7 +1 1.0 Daniel Brue
Socialist Party 6 -4 0.8 Mónica Fein
Peronist Party 6 -2 0.7 ~
New Popular and Solidary Encounter 5 +5 2.1 Martín Sabbatella
Generation for a National Encounter 5 +3 2.0 Margarita Stolbizer
Project South 4 +3 2.3 Fernando Solanas
Córdoba Civic Front (allied with Civic Coalition) 3 +3 2.4 Ernesto Martínez
Neuquén People's Movement 3 0 0.4 Alicia Comelli
Solidarity and Equality 3 -4 0.5 Eduardo Macaluse
Others (21 parties) 26 -31 6.8
Total 254

2007 election[edit]

See Argentine general election, 2007

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]