Chamber of Deputies (Mexico)

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For other uses, see Chamber of Deputies.
Chamber of Deputies
Cámara de Diputados
LXIII Legislature
Seal of the Chamber of Deputies
Type
Type
History
Founded September 28, 1821 (1821-09-28)
Leadership
José de Jesús Zambrano Grijalva (PRD)
Since September 1, 2015 (2015-09-01)
Structure
Seats 500
LXII LegislaturaCamaradeDiputadosMexico.png
Political groups
Elections
Last election
June 7, 2015
Meeting place
Mexico Chamber of Deputies backdrop.jpg
Chamber of Deputies
San Lázaro Legislative Palace
Mexico City
Mexico
Website
Official Website of the Chamber of Deputies

The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of the Congress of the Union, the bicameral legislature of Mexico. The structure and responsibilities of both chambers of Congress are defined in Articles 50 to 70 of the current constitution.

Composition[edit]

The Chamber of Deputies is composed of one federal representative (in Spanish: diputado federal) for every 200,000 citizens. Currently (as of 2006 election) there are 500 deputies.

Of these, 300 "majority deputies" are directly elected by plurality from single-member districts, the federal electoral districts). The remaining 200 "party deputies" are assigned through rules of proportional representation. These seats are not tied to districts; rather, they are allocated to parties based on each party's share of the national vote. The 200 party deputies are intended to counterbalance the sectional interests of the district-based representatives. Substitutes are elected at the same time as each deputy, so special elections are rare.

From 1917 to 2015, deputies were barred from serving consecutive terms in accordance with the Constitution's ban on immediate reelection to the legislature. Thus, the Chamber of Deputies was one of the few legislative bodies in the world that was completely renewed at an election. However, this will change at the 2018 elections; deputies are now permitted to run for reelection. Congressional elections held halfway into the president's six year mandate are known as mid-term elections.

Current Representatives[edit]

See Main article: LXIII Legislature of the Mexican Congress

Last election[edit]

Party District Proportional Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Institutional Revolutionary Party 11,604,665 34.24 156 11,638,556 29.18 47 203 Decrease9
National Action Party 8,346,846 22.06 55 8,379,270 21.01 53 108 Decrease6
Party of the Democratic Revolution 1,941,105 5.13 28 4,335,731 10.87 28 56 Decrease48
National Regeneration Movement 3,327,793 8.80 14 3,346,303 8.39 21 35 Increase35
Ecologist Green Party 385,433 1.02 29 2,758,138 6.91 18 47 Increase18
Citizens' Movement 2,421,164 6.40 10 2,431,908 6.09 16 26 Increase10
New Alliance Party 1,480,090 3.91 1 1,486,935 3.72 9 10 0
Social Encounter Party 1,319,203 3.49 0 1,325,335 3.32 8 8 Increase8
Labor Party 665,597 1.76 0 1,134,439 2.84 0 6 Decrease9
Humanist Party 852,925 2.25 0 856,887 2.14 0 0 0
Independents 225,500 0.60 1 225,500 0.56 0 1 Increase1
Unregistered candidates 51,886 0.14 0 52,384 0.13 0 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 1,892,038 1,900,860
Total 39,722,969 100 300 39,782,246 100 200 500 0
Registered voters/turnout
Source: INE

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cámara de Diputados". Camara de Diputados. Retrieved February 25, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 19°25′48″N 99°07′04″W / 19.43000°N 99.11778°W / 19.43000; -99.11778