Chambers County, Texas
|Coordinates: 29°42′N 94°41′W / 29.7°N 94.68°W|
|Largest city||Mont Belvieu|
|• Total||871 sq mi (2,260 km2)|
|• Land||597 sq mi (1,550 km2)|
|• Water||274 sq mi (710 km2) 31%%|
|• Density||78.0/sq mi (30.1/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|Congressional districts||14th, 36th|
Chambers County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 46,571. The county seat is Anahuac.
Chambers County is one of the nine counties that comprise Greater Houston, the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan statistical area.
Mission Nuestra Señora de la Luz, a Spanish mission in Texas, was established in 1756 near what is now Wallisville.
Chambers County was founded in 1858. It is named for Thomas Jefferson Chambers, a major general in the Texas Revolution.
In 2019, Atlas Air Flight 3591, a cargo flight operating for Amazon Air, crashed in the Trinity Bay, in Chambers County and near Anahuac, while flying from Miami to Houston. All three people on board were killed.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 871 square miles (2,260 km2), of which 597 square miles (1,550 km2) are land and 274 square miles (710 km2) (31%) are covered by water.
The south and southwestern parts of the county lie in the Galveston Bay Area on the shores of Trinity Bay and East Bay. A small portion of the southeastern area lies on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.
- Liberty County (north)
- Jefferson County (east)
- Galveston County (southwest)
- Harris County (west)
National protected areas
State and local protected areas
- Anahuac (county seat)
- Baytown (mostly in Harris County)
- Beach City
- Mont Belvieu (small part in Liberty County)
- Old River-Winfree (small part in Liberty County)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
1850–2010 2010 2020
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||24,767||29,858||70.57%||64.11%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||2,817||3,148||8.03%||6.76%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||134||161||0.38%||0.35%|
|Asian alone (NH)||326||622||0.93%||1.34%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||13||0||0.04%||0.00%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||25||215||0.07%||0.46%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||379||1,615||1.08%||3.47%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||6,635||10,952||18.91%||23.52%|
Note: the U.S. Census Bureau treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
As of the census of 2000, 26,031 people, 9,139 households, and 7,219 families were residing in the county. The population density was 43 people/sq mi (17 people/km2). The 10,336 housing units averaged 17 units per square mile (6.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 81.88% White, 9.77% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 6.02% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. About 10.79% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.
Of the 9,139 households, 40.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.70% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.00% were not families. About 17.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82, and the average family size was 3.20.
In the county, the age distribution was 28.90% under 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 9.00% who were 65 or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $47,964, and for a family was $52,986. Males had a median income of $43,351 versus $25,478 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,863. About 8.30% of families and 11.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 12.60% of those age 65 or over.
Chambers County is governed by a five-member commissioners' court, consisting of the county judge and four county commissioners. The county judge is elected to four-year terms in a countywide election. Commissioners are elected to four-year terms from single-member districts.
Chambers County Commissioners' Court
|Office||Name||Political party||First elected||Area(s) represented|
|County Judge||Jimmy Sylvia||Republican||1996||Countywide|
|Commissioner, Precinct 1||Jimmy E. Gore||Republican||2016||Anahuac, Double Bayou, Hankamer, Oak Island, Seabreeze, Smith Point, Stowell, Wallisville, Winnie|
|Commissioner, Precinct 2||Mark Tice||Republican||2018||Beach City, Cove, Turtle Bayou, Wallisville|
|Commissioner, Precinct 3||Tommy Hammond||Republican||2006||Mont Belvieu, Old River-Winfree|
|Commissioner, Precinct 4||Ryan Dagley||Republican||2018||Baytown, Beach City|
|County Attorney||Ashley Cain Land||Republican|
|County Clerk||Heather H. Hawthorne||Republican|
|County Court Judge||Cindy S. Price||Republican|
|District Attorney||Cheryl Swope Lieck||Republican|
|District Clerk||Patti Henry||Republican|
|Tax Assessor-Collector||Laurie G. Payton||Republican|
|County Surveyor||Michael W. Chandler|
|Office||Name||Political party||Area(s) represented|
|Constable, Precinct 1||Dennis Dugat||Republican||Stowell, Winnie|
|Constable, Precinct 2||John Mulryan||Republican||Anahuac, Turtle Bayou, Wallisville|
|Constable, Precinct 3||Donnie Standley||Republican||Double Bayou, Oak Island, Smith Point|
|Constable, Precinct 4||Ben L. "Butch" Bean||Republican||Mont Belvieu, Old River-Winfree|
|Constable, Precinct 5||Bradley W. Moon||Republican||Hankamer, Wallisville|
|Constable, Precinct 6||Kirk W. Ritch||Republican||Baytown, Beach City, Cove|
United States Congress
|Senators||Name||Political party||First elected||Level|
|Senate Class 2||John Cornyn||Republican||2002||Senior Senator|
|Senate Class 1||Ted Cruz||Republican||2012||Junior Senator|
|Representatives||Name||Political Party||First Elected||Area(s) Represented|
|Texas's 14th District||Randy Weber||Republican||2012||A small, unpopulated portion of the county that extends to the Gulf of Mexico, across the Intracoastal Waterway.|
|Texas's 36th District||Brian Babin||Republican||2014||All populated areas of the county|
|District||Senator||Political party||First elected||Area(s) represented|
|4||Brandon Creighton||Republican||2014||Countywide, district also covers portions of Galveston, Harris, Jefferson, and Montgomery Counties|
Texas House of Representatives
|District||Representative||Political party||First elected||Area(s) represented|
|23||Terri Leo-Wilson||Republican||2022||Chambers County, Galveston County (part)|
State Board of Education
|District||Member||Political party||First elected||Area(s) represented|
|7||Julie Pickren||Republican||2022||Countywide, district also covers all of Brazoria, Galveston, Hardin, Jasper, Jefferson, Liberty, Newton, Orange, and Tyler Counties and most of Fort Bend County|
Justices of the Peace
|Justice of the Peace, Precinct 1||Celia Devillier||Republican|
|Justice of the Peace, Precinct 2||Michael W. Wheat||Republican|
|Justice of the Peace, Precinct 4||Blake D. Sylvia||Republican|
|Justice of the Peace, Precinct 5||David Hatfield||Republican|
|Justice of the Peace, Precinct 6||Larry Ray Cryer||Republican|
|Office||Name||Political party||Area(s) represented|
|253rd District Court||Chap B. Cain, III||Republican||Countywide, district also covers Liberty County|
|344th District Court||Randy McDonald||Republican||Countywide|
1st Court of Appeals
|Name||Political party||First elected|
|Chief Justice||Sherry Radack||Republican||2004, appointed in 2002|
|Place 2||Gordon Goodman||Democrat||2018|
|Place 3||Veronica Rivas-Molloy||Democrat||2020|
|Place 4||April Farris||Republican||2020 (appointed)|
|Place 5||Amparo Guerra||Democrat||2020|
|Place 6||Sarah Beth Landau||Democrat||2018|
|Place 7||Julie Countiss||Democrat||2018|
|Place 8||Richard Hightower||Democrat||2018|
|Place 9||Peter Kelly||Democrat||2018|
14th Court of Appeals
|Name||Political party||First elected|
|Chief Justice||Tracy E. Christopher||Republican||2020|
|Place 2||Kevin Jewell||Republican||2016|
|Place 3||Jerry Zimmerer||Democrat||2018|
|Place 4||Charles A. Spain||Democrat||2018|
|Place 5||Frances Bourliot||Democrat||2018|
|Place 6||Meagan Hassan||Democrat||2018|
|Place 7||Ken Wise||Republican||2014, Appointed in 2013|
|Place 8||Margaret "Meg" Poissant||Democrat||2018|
|Place 9||Randy Wilson||Republican||2020 (appointed)|
As with much of the Southern United States, Democrats won locally up into the 21st century, with many local politicians switching party allegiances in the mid-2000s. As of 2020 all elected county offices are represented by Republicans with the retirement of the Precinct 5 Constable Cecil. R. "Popeye" Oldham, a Democrat, who was last elected in 2016.
- Public School Districts
Local Primary and Secondary School Jurisdictions. Each are governed by their own respective school board.
- Goose Creek CISD
- Barbers Hill ISD
- Anahuac ISD
- East Chambers ISD
- La Porte ISD (parts of uninhabited Galveston Bay)
- Higher Education
- Lee College (for most all of Chambers County)
- San Jacinto College (parts of uninhabited Galveston Bay)
- Public libraries
The Chambers County Library System operates three libraries in the county.
- Chambers County Library (main branch) in Anahuac
- Juanita Hargraves Memorial Branch in Winnie
- Sam and Carmena Goss Memorial Branch in Mont Belvieu
- Interstate 10
- State Highway 61
- State Highway 65
- State Highway 99 (Grand Parkway)
- State Highway 146
The county operates two airports in unincorporated areas:
- Chambers County Airport is east of Anahuac.
- Chambers County-Winnie Stowell Airport serves Stowell and Winnie.
In addition, RWJ Airpark, a privately owned airport for public use, is located in Beach City.
The Houston Airport System stated that Chambers County is within the primary service area of George Bush Intercontinental Airport, an international airport in Houston in Harris County.
- List of museums in the Texas Gulf Coast
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Chambers County, Texas
- Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Chambers County
- ^ "US Census 2020 Population Dataset Tables for all Texas counties".
- ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Chambers County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2022.
- ^ "Chambers County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- ^ Alvarez, Elizabeth Cruce (November 8, 2011). Texas Almanac 2012–2013. Texas A&M University Press. pp. Contents. ISBN 9780876112571. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
- ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 74.
- ^ "Human remains found after Atlas Air cargo plane crashes in Chambers Co". KTRK-TV. February 23, 2019. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
- ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
- ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
- ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Chambers County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
- ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Chambers County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
- ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Chambers County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved June 29, 2022. - Text list
- ^ Texas Education Code, Section 130.186, "Lee College District Service Area". Its service area includes Goose Creek, Barbers Hill, Anahuac, and East Chambers school districts.
- ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.197. SAN JACINTO COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA..
- ^ "Master Plan Executive Summary Archived July 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." George Bush Intercontinental Airport Master Plan. Houston Airport System. December 2006. 2-1 (23/130). Retrieved on December 14, 2010.
- Chambers County government's website
- Chambers County in Handbook of Texas Online from The University of Texas at Austin
- Chambers County, TXGenWeb Focuses on genealogical research in Chambers County.