Chambord, Loir-et-Cher

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Chambord
Commune
Château de Chambord
Château de Chambord
Coat of arms of Chambord
Coat of arms
Chambord is located in France
Chambord
Chambord
Location within Centre-Val de Loire region
Chambord is located in Centre-Val de Loire
Chambord
Chambord
Coordinates: 47°36′50″N 1°31′12″E / 47.6139°N 1.52°E / 47.6139; 1.52Coordinates: 47°36′50″N 1°31′12″E / 47.6139°N 1.52°E / 47.6139; 1.52
Country France
Region Centre-Val de Loire
Department Loir-et-Cher
Arrondissement Blois
Canton Chambord
Intercommunality Pays de Chambord
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) André Joly
Area1 54.38 km2 (21.00 sq mi)
Population (2013)2 115
 • Density 2.1/km2 (5.5/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 41034 /41250
Elevation 72–129 m (236–423 ft)
(avg. 81 m or 266 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Chambord is a commune in the Loir-et-Cher department in central France.[1]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 474 —    
1806 417 −12.0%
1821 396 −5.0%
1831 400 +1.0%
1841 327 −18.2%
1851 354 +8.3%
1861 308 −13.0%
1872 308 +0.0%
1881 264 −14.3%
1891 436 +65.2%
1901 401 −8.0%
1911 421 +5.0%
1921 316 −24.9%
1931 325 +2.8%
1946 299 −8.0%
1954 266 −11.0%
1962 260 −2.3%
1968 267 +2.7%
1975 220 −17.6%
1982 197 −10.5%
1990 200 +1.5%
1999 185 −7.5%
2008 145 −21.6%
2013 115 −20.7%

Sights[edit]

It is best known as the location of the Château de Chambord, one of the most recognisable châteaux in the world because of its very distinct French Renaissance architecture. The château forms a parallelogram flanked at the angles by round towers and enclosing a square block of buildings, the façade of which forms the centre of the main front. The profusion of turrets, pinnacles, and dormer windows which decorates the roof of this, the chief portion of the château, constitutes the main feature of the exterior, while in the interior are a well-preserved chapel of the 16th century and a famous double staircase, the construction of which permits two people to ascend and descend respectively without seeing one another. There are 440 apartments, containing pictures of the 17th century and souvenirs of the comte de Chambord.[1]

The château was originally a hunting-box of the counts of Blois, the rebuilding of which was begun by Francis I. in 1526, and completed under Henry II. It was the residence of several succeeding monarchs, and under Louis XIV. considerable alterations were made. In the same reign Molière performed Monsieur de Pourceaugnac and Le Bourgeois gentilhomme for the first time in the theatre. Stanislaus, king of Poland, lived at Chambord, which was bestowed by his son-in-law, Louis XV., upon Marshal Saxe. It was given by Napoleon to Marshal Berthier, from whose widow it was purchased by subscription in 1821, and presented to the duc de Bordeaux, the representative of the older branch of the Bourbons, who assumed from it the title of comte de Chambord. On his death in 1883 it came by bequest into the possession of the family of Parma.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chambord". Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 823.