Chamicuro language

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Native toPeru
Native speakers
none (2019)[1]
  • Southern
    • Western ?
      • Chamicuro
Language codes
ISO 639-3ccc

Chamicuro is a dormant (documented but not used by any native speakers) South American language formerly spoken in Peru.[3]. The language was used by the Chamicuro people who number around one hundred people. The Chamicuros live on a tributary of the Huallaga river, in Peru, in an area called Pampa Hermosa, meaning beautiful plains.

As with all native languages in Peru, Chamicuro was by default an official language in the area in which it is spoken. A Chamicuro dictionary has been created, however no children can speak the language as they have shifted to Spanish.

There is controversy in regard to whether Aguano is the same language, which one study (Ruhlen 1987) says it is, but the Chamicuros disputed this (Wise, 1987), although this may be for cultural reasons and the languages may actually be intelligible, but the different people do not relate to one another and maintain different names and connotations between their language or languages.


Chamicuro has 5 vowels: /a, e, i, o, u/. All vowels have both short and long forms.[4]

Bilabial Alveolar Palato-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop p t k ʔ
Affricate t͡s t͡ʃ ʈʂ
Fricative s ʃ ʂ h
Nasal m n ɲ
Lateral l ʎ
Semivowel j w
Flap ɾ

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Chamicuro". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Chamicuro". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ "Chamicuro". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
  4. ^ "SAPhon – South American Phonological Inventories". Retrieved 2018-08-17.