Chamois Coloured goat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Chamoisee)
Jump to: navigation, search
Chamois Coloured Goat
a brown goat with horns and a bell at its neck
A Chamois Coloured Goat of the horned Grisons type
Conservation status FAO (2007): not at risk[1]
Other names
Country of origin Switzerland
Distribution
  • Switzerland
  • Austria
  • Italy
Standard
Use milk[2]
Traits
Weight
  • Male: minimum 75 kg[3]
  • Female: minimum 55 kg[3]
Height
  • Male: 85 cm[3]
  • Female: 75 cm[3]
Wool color brown with black dorsal stripe and lower limbs
Face color brown with black facial stripes
Horn status horned and hornless types[4]
Beard males bearded[4]
  • Goat
  • Capra aegagrus hircus

The Chamois Coloured Goat, French: Chèvre chamoisée, German: Gämsfarbige Gebirgsziege, Italian: Camosciata delle Alpi,[5] is an indigenous breed of domestic goat from Switzerland. It is distributed throughout Switzerland and in parts of northern Italy and Austria, and has been exported to other countries including France. There are two strains, a horned type from the Grisons or Graubünden in the eastern part of the country, and a hornless type from the former bezirk of Oberhasli and the area of Brienz and Lake Brienz in the Bernese Oberland in central Switzerland.[2] In some countries the hornless variety may be considered a separate breed, the Oberhasli goat. The Swiss herd-book was established in 1930.[2]

Registration and numbers[edit]

A mixed herd of goats, with Chamois Coloured Goats in the centre, with darker Grisons Striped Goats behind them

In Switzerland the Chamois Coloured Goat is among the principal national goat breeds for which a herd-book is kept by the Schweizerischer Ziegenzuchtverband, the Swiss federation of cantonal goat breeders' associations. In Italy, under the name Camosciata delle Alpi, it is one of the eight autochthonous Italian goat breeds for which a genealogical herd-book is kept by the Associazione Nazionale della Pastorizia, the Italian national association of sheep- and goat-breeders;[6][7] the Italian herd-book was activated in 1973.[8]

At the end of 2013 the number reported for Switzerland was 13,000[9] and the registered population in Italy was 6237.[10] A population of 2526–3000 was reported from Austria in 2012.[11]

Use[edit]

The milk yield per lactation of the Chamois Coloured Goat in Switzerland is given as >700 kg, with 3.4% fat and 2.9% protein.[3] Measurements made in Italy in 2004 gave figures of 343 ± 115 litres for primiparous, 506 ± 205 l for secondiparous, and 539 ± 228 l for pluriparous, nannies,[8] with an average of 3.24% fat and 3.13% protein.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barbara Rischkowsky, D. Pilling (eds.) (2007). List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Accessed June 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d Daniele Bigi, Alessio Zanon (2008). Atlante delle razze autoctone: Bovini, equini, ovicaprini, suini allevati in Italia (in Italian). Milan: Edagricole. ISBN 9788850652594. p. 326–27.
  3. ^ a b c d e Gämsfarbige Gebirgsziege (in German). Schweizerischer Ziegenzuchtverband. Archived 29 November 2012.
  4. ^ a b Razza Camosciata delle Alpi: Norme Tecniche Allegate al Disciplinare del Libro Genealogico della Specie Caprina (in Italian). Associazione Nazionale della Pastorizia. Accessed June 2014.
  5. ^ Breed data sheet: Camosciata delle Alpi/Italy. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed June 2014.
  6. ^ Strutture Zootecniche (Dec. 2009/712/CE - Allegato 2 - Capitolo 2) (in Italian). Ministero delle Politiche Agricole Alimentari e Forestali. Section I (e). Archived 4 December 2013.
  7. ^ Le razze ovine e caprine in Italia (in Italian). Associazione Nazionale della Pastorizia: Ufficio centrale libri genealogici e registri anagrafici razze ovine e caprine. p. 29. Accessed June 2014.
  8. ^ a b Lorenzo Noè, Alessandro Gaviraghi, Andrea D'Angelo, Adriana Bonanno, Adriana Di Trana, Lucia Sepe, Salvatore Claps, Giovanni Annicchiarico, Nicola Bacciu (2005). Le razze caprine d'Italia (in Italian); in: Giuseppe Pulina (2005). L' alimentazione della capra da latte. Bologna: Avenue Media. ISBN 9788886817493. p. 381–435. Archived 5 October 2014.
  9. ^ Breed data sheet: Gemsfarbige Gebirgsziege/Switzerland. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed June 2014.
  10. ^ Consistenze Provinciali della Razza 45 Camosciata delle Alpi Anno 2013 (in Italian). Associazione Nazionale della Pastorizia: Banca dati. Accessed June 2014.
  11. ^ Breed data sheet: Gemsfarbige Gebirgsziege/Austria. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed June 2014.