Champagne hillsides, houses and cellars

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Champagne Hillsides, Houses and Cellars
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Avenue de Champagne, Épernay (8132669246).jpg
LocationFrance
CriteriaCultural: (iii), (iv), (vi)
Reference1465
Inscription2015 (39th Session)
Area1,101.72 ha (2,722.4 acres)
Buffer zone4,251.16 ha (10,504.8 acres)
Coordinates49°4′39″N 3°56′46″E / 49.07750°N 3.94611°E / 49.07750; 3.94611Coordinates: 49°4′39″N 3°56′46″E / 49.07750°N 3.94611°E / 49.07750; 3.94611
Champagne hillsides, houses and cellars is located in France
Champagne hillsides, houses and cellars
Location of Champagne hillsides, houses and cellars in France

Champagne hillsides, houses and cellars is the name given to several sites in the Champagne region of France inscribed to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2015 for their historical ties to the production and sale of champagne, as well as their testimony to the development of an internationally-renowned agro-industrial enterprise.[1]

Description[edit]

Although it only occupies a small part of the Champagne wine region, the World Heritage site consists of locations that represent the entire process of creating and selling champagne. In total, there are 14 distinct sites, grouped into three categories:[1]

  • The historic vineyards of Hautvillers, Aÿ, and Mareuil-sur-Aÿ, and their corresponding cellars, where the grapes have been cultivated and fermented since at least 1673.[2]
  • Saint-Nicaise Hill in Reims, an urban vineyard with its own cellars that is combined with public spaces and parks.
  • Avenue de Champagne and Fort Chabrol in Épernay, the most well-known location for showcasing and selling the champagne.

The vineyards at Hautvillers, Aÿ, and Mareuil-sur-Aÿ include the on-site harvest huts and presses, used to process the grapes with minimal transportation.[2] The cellars beneath the villages and vineyards, dug into the chalky hillsides in the 17th and 18th centuries, run uphill from the vineyards.[2] However, the most extensive cellars are found at Saint-Nicaise Hill. These cellars, built later than the ones outside of the city, expanded on already-existing underground chalk quarries and extend multiple kilometers underneath the vineyards and the town.[2] The Avenue of Champagne in Epernay contains the headquarters of many of the preeminent champagne manufacturers. Built along a major trading route between France and Germany, the street has housed champagne merchant buildings since the 18th century.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Champagne Hillsides, Houses and Cellars". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 12 December 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d Champagne Hillsides, Houses and Cellars: France No. 1465 (Report). ICOMOS. 12 March 2015. Retrieved 12 December 2021.