Champion Jack Dupree
Champion Jack Dupree
|Birth name||William Thomas Dupree|
|Also known as||Harelip Jack Dupree|
|Born||July 4, 1910 (probable)|
Irish Channel, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
|Died||January 21, 1992 (aged 81)|
|Labels||Atlantic, OKeh, Blue Horizon, Groove|
William Thomas "Champion Jack" Dupree (July 23, 1909 or July 4, 1910 – January 21, 1992) was an American blues and boogie-woogie pianist and singer. His nickname was derived from his early career as a boxer.
Dupree was a New Orleans blues and boogie-woogie pianist, a barrelhouse "professor". His father was from the Belgian Congo and his mother was part African American and Cherokee. His birth date has been given as July 4, July 10, and July 23, 1908, 1909, or 1910; the researchers Bob Eagle and Eric LeBlanc give July 4, 1910.
He was orphaned at the age of eight and was sent to the Colored Waifs Home in New Orleans, an institution for orphaned or delinquent boys (about the same time, Louis Armstrong was also sent there as a child, after being arrested as a "dangerous and suspicious character"). Dupree taught himself to play the piano there and later apprenticed with Tuts Washington and Willie Hall, whom he called his father and from whom he learned "Junker's Blues". He was also a "spy boy" for the Yellow Pocahontas tribe of the Mardi Gras Indians. He soon began playing in barrelhouses and other drinking establishments.
He began a life of travelling, living in Chicago, where he worked with Georgia Tom, and in Indianapolis, Indiana, where he met Scrapper Blackwell and Leroy Carr. He also worked as a cook. In Detroit, after Joe Louis encouraged him to become a boxer, he fought 107 bouts, winning Golden Gloves and other championships and picking up the nickname Champion Jack, which he used the rest of his life.
He returned to Chicago at the age of 30 and joined a circle of recording artists, including Big Bill Broonzy and Tampa Red, who introduced him to the record producer Lester Melrose. Many of Dupree's songs were later credited to Melrose as composer, and Melrose claimed publishing rights to them.
Dupree's career was interrupted by military service in World War II. He was a cook in the United States Navy and was held by the Japanese for two years as a prisoner of war. Following Franklin D. Roosevelt's death in office, Dupree composed the "F.D.R. Blues".
After the war, his biggest commercial success was "Walkin' the Blues", which he recorded as a duet with Teddy McRae. This led to several national tours and eventually a European tour. In 1959, he played an unofficial (and unpaid) duo gig with Alexis Korner at the London School of Economics.
Dupree moved to Europe in 1960, settling first in Switzerland and then Denmark (in the anarchist-occupied Freetown Christiania in Copenhagen), England, Sweden and, finally, Germany. On June 17, 1971, he played at the Montreux Jazz Festival, in the Casino Kursaal, with King Curtis, backed by Cornell Dupree on guitar, Jerry Jemmott on bass and Oliver Jackson on drums. The recording of the concert was released in 1973 as the album King Curtis & Champion Jack Dupree: Blues at Montreux on the Atlantic label.
In the 1970s and 1980s, he lived at Ovenden in Halifax, England, after marrying a Halifax native, Shirley Ann Harrison, whom he met in London. A piano he used was later discovered at Calderdale College in Halifax. He continued to record in Europe with the Kenn Lending Band, Louisiana Red and Axel Zwingenberger and made many live appearances. He also worked again as a cook, specializing in New Orleans cuisine. He returned to the United States from time to time and performed at the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival.
He divorced Shirley in 1976 and moved to Copenhagen, where he lived in the Freetown Christiania. This period of his life was the subject of the 1975 film Barrelhouse Blues - Feelings and Situations by the artists Laurie Grundt and Eva Acking which includes several filmed performances, including one where Dupree plays drum set. He later moved to Zurich and finally settled in Hanover, Germany. He died of cancer on January 21, 1992, in Hanover.
Musical style and output
Dupree's playing was almost all straight blues and boogie-woogie. He was not a sophisticated musician or singer, but he had a wry and clever way with words: "Mama, move your false teeth, papa wanna scratch your gums." He sometimes sang as if he had a cleft palate and even recorded under the name Harelip Jack Dupree. This was an artistic conceit, as he had clear articulation, particularly for a blues singer. He would occasionally indulge in a vocalese style of sung word play (similar to Slim Gaillard's "Vout"), as in his "Mr. Dupree Blues", included on the album The Complete Blue Horizon Sessions.
Many of his songs were about jail, drinking and drug addiction, although he himself was a light drinker and did not use other drugs. His "Junker's Blues" was transmuted by Fats Domino into "The Fat Man", Domino's first hit record. Some of Dupree's songs had gloomy topics, such as "TB Blues" and "Angola Blues" (about Louisiana State Penitentiary, the infamous Louisiana prison farm), but he also sang about cheerful subjects, as in "Dupree Shake Dance": "Come on, mama, on your hands and knees, do that shake dance as you please". He was a noted raconteur and transformed many of his stories into songs, such as "Big Leg Emma's", a rhymed tale of a police raid on a barrelhouse.
On his best-known album, Blues from the Gutter, released by Atlantic Records in 1958, he was accompanied on guitar by Larry Dale, whose playing on that record inspired Brian Jones of the Rolling Stones.
Although best known as a singer and pianist in the New Orleans style, Dupree occasionally pursued more musically adventurous projects, including Dupree 'N' McPhee: The 1967 Blue Horizon Session, a collaboration with the English guitarist Tony McPhee, recorded for Blue Horizon (record label).
Since his death, Dupree has undergone a revival of interest on the British vintage dance scene. His recording of “Shakin’ Mother for You” now features on the playlist of most DJ’s on the UK Lindy Hop scene and it has become the de facto standard track for the ‘Cardiff Stroll’.
- Blues from the Gutter (Atlantic, 1958)
- Champion Jack's Natural & Soulful Blues (Atlantic, 1959)
- Champion of the Blues (Atlantic, 1961)
- The Women Blues of Champion Jack Dupree (Folkways, 1961)
- Trouble, Trouble (Storyville, 1962)
- The Best of the Blues (Storyville, 1963)
- Champion Jack Dupree Of New Orleans (Storyville, 1965)
- From New Orleans to Chicago (Decca, 1966)
- When You Feel the Feeling You Was Feeling (Blue Horizon, 1968) with Paul Kossoff, guitar; Duster Bennett, harmonica; Simon Kirke, drums
- Scoobydoobydoo (Blue Horizon, 1969, UK), also released as Blues Masters, Vol. 10 (Blue Horizon, 1972)
- The Heart of the Blues Is Sound (BYG, 1969)
- The Incredible Champion Jack Dupree (Sonet, 1970), 12 tracks recorded in Copenhagen in 1960-63.
- The Hamburg Session (Happy Bird, 1974)
- Champion Jack Dupree "1977" (Isadora, 1977), also released as Hamhark & Limer Beans
- Back Home in New Orleans (Bullseye Blues, 1990)
- Forever and Ever (Bullseye Blues, 1991)
- One Last Time (Bullseye Blues, 1993)
- Champion Jack Dupree (Festival, 1971)
- Alive, "Live" and Well (Chrischaa, 1976)
- The Blues Jubilee Album (Pinorrekk, 1984)
- Live at Burnley (JSP, 1989)
- Jivin' with Jack: Live in Manchester, May 1966 (Jasmine, 2002)
- Bad Luck Blues: Live with Freeway 75 (Bad Luck Blues, 2003)
- Champion Jack Dupree And His Blues Band featuring Mickey Baker (Decca, 1967)
- Tricks, with Mickey Baker (Vogue, 1968), also released as Anthologie du Blues, Vol. 1 (Disques Vogue, 1968, France)
- I'm Happy to Be Free, with Mickey Baker and Hal Singer (Vogue, 1971)
- Blues at Montreux, with King Curtis (Atlantic, 1973)
- Freedom, with the Monty Sunshine band (Pinorrekk, 1980)
- Real Combination, with Henry Ojutkangas (Dig It, 1980)
- I Had That Dream, with Kenn Lending (Pinorrekk, 1982)
- Get You An Ol' Man, with Brenda Bell and Louisiana Red (Paris, 1984)
- Rockin' The Boogie, with Kenn Lending (Blue Moon, 1988)
- Sings Blues Classics, with Axel Zwingenberger (Vagabond, 1990)
- Dahl, Bill. "Champion Jack Dupree: Biography". AllMusic, Retrieved 30 September 2016.
- Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues: A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger. p. 314. ISBN 978-0313344237.
- "Our Times: The Louis Armstrong Childhood Arrest That No One Knew About". New Orleans Times-Picayune. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
- Lichtenstein, Grace; Dankner, Laura (1993). Musical Gumbo: The Music of New Orleans. W. W. Norton. ISBN 0-393-03468-2, ISBN 978-0-393-03468-4
- Broven, John (1983). Rhythm and Blues in New Orleans. Pelican Publishing. ISBN 978-0-88289-433-1
- Giles Oakley (1997). The Devil's Music. Da Capo Press. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-306-80743-5.
- "Barrelhouse Blues - Champion Jack Dupree, Laurie Grundt & Eva Acking, 1975". vimeo.com. 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books. pp. 107–108. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
- "King Curtis & Champion Jack Dupree - Blues At Montreux". Discogs.
- "Small Town Saturday Night". SmallTownSaturdayNight.com. Retrieved 2014-06-14.
- "Story of a Boxing Champion". www.halifaxcourier.co.uk. 15 November 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
- "Sound file". Sounduk.net. Archived from the original on 2014-03-30. Retrieved 2014-06-14.
- Oslo, Kunsthall (21 February 2017). "Barrelhouse Blues - Champion Jack Dupree, Laurie Grundt & Eva Acking, 1975". Vimeo.com. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
- "Champion Jack Dupree, Jazz Pianist, 82". The New York Times. 22 January 1992. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
- "Dupree 'N' McPhee: The 1967 Blue Horizon Session - Champion Jack Dupree, Tony McPhee, TS McPhee | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
- "Eightbeat Jive demonstrate the Cardiff Stroll". 20 February 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
- "Illustrated Champion Jack Dupree Discography". Wirz.de. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Champion Jack Dupree: Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "CHAMPION JACK DUPREE". JazzMusicArchives.com. Retrieved 6 March 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Larkin, Colin (27 May 2011). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Omnibus Press. p. 819. ISBN 9780857125958. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
- Champion Jack Dupree at AllMusic
- Illustrated Champion Jack Dupree discography (lists 185 separate records, 1940–2010)
- Barrelhouse Blues: Feelings and Situations a 1975 film by Jack Dupree, Eva Acking and Laurie Grunt, Dansk Filmcentrum, at vimeo.com
- Boxing record for Champion Jack Dupree from BoxRec