Chancellorsville Union order of battle

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The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Chancellorsville of the American Civil War. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization[1] during the battle,[2] the casualty returns[3] and the reports.[4]

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

Army of the Potomac[edit]

MG Joseph Hooker

General Staff and Headquarters[edit]

General Staff:

General Headquarters:

Command of the Provost-Marshal-General: BG Marsena R. Patrick

Patrick's Brigade: Col William F. Rogers

Engineer Brigade: BG Henry W. Benham

  • 15th New York Engineer: Col Clinton G. Colgate
  • 50th New York Engineer: Col Charles B. Stuart
  • Battalion United States Engineer: Cpt Chauncey B. Reese

Signal Corps: Cpt Samuel T. Cushing

Ordnance Detachment: Lt John R. Edie

Guards and Orderlies:

  • Oneida (New York) Cavalry: Cpt Daniel P. Mann

I Corps[edit]

MG John F. Reynolds

Chief of Artillery: Col Charles S. Wainwright

Escort:

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG James S. Wadsworth

1st Brigade


   Col Walter Phelps, Jr.

2nd Brigade


   BG Lysander Cutler

3rd Brigade


   BG Gabriel R. Paul

  • 22nd New Jersey: Col Abraham G. Demarest
  • 29th New Jersey: Col William R. Taylor
  • 30th New Jersey: Col John J. Cladek
  • 31st New Jersey: Ltc Robert R. Honeyman
  • 137th Pennsylvania: Col Joseph B. Kiddoo
4th Brigade


   BG Solomon Meredith

Artillery


   Cpt John A. Reynolds

Second Division
     BG John C. Robinson

1st Brigade


   Col Adrian R. Root

2nd Brigade


   BG Henry Baxter

3rd Brigade


   Col Samuel H. Leonard

Artillery


   Cpt Dunbar R. Ransom

Third Division
     MG Abner Doubleday

1st Brigade


   BG Thomas A. Rowley

2nd Brigade


   Col Roy Stone

Artillery


   Maj Ezra W. Matthews

II Corps[edit]

MG Darius N. Couch

Chief of Artillery and Assistant Inspector-General: Ltc Charles H. Morgan[6]

Escort:

  • 6th New York Cavalry, Companies D and K: Cpt Riley Johnson
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division[7]
     MG Winfield S. Hancock

1st Brigade


   BG John C. Caldwell

2nd Brigade


   BG Thomas F. Meagher

3rd Brigade


   BG Samuel K. Zook

4th Brigade


   Col John R. Brooke

Artillery


   Cpt Rufus D. Pettit

Second Division
     BG John Gibbon

1st Brigade


   BG Alfred Sully[8]
   Col Henry W. Hudson[9]
   Col Byron Laflin

2nd Brigade


   BG Joshua T. Owen

3rd Brigade


   Col Norman J. Hall

Sharpshooters
Artillery

Third Division
     MG William H. French

1st Brigade


   Col Samuel S. Carroll

  • 14th Indiana: Col John Coons
  • 24th New Jersey: Col William B. Robertson
  • 28th New Jersey: Ltc John A. Wildrick (c), Maj Samuel K. Wilson
  • 4th Ohio: Ltc Leonard W. Carpenter
  • 8th Ohio: Ltc Franklin Sawyer
  • 7th West Virginia: Col Joseph Snider,[10] Ltc Jonathan H. Lockwood
2nd Brigade


   BG William Hays (w&c)
   Col Charles J. Powers

3rd Brigade


   Col John D. MacGregor[11]
   Col Charles Albright

Artillery
Provost Guard
Reserve Artillery

III Corps[edit]

MG Daniel Sickles

Chief of Artillery: Cpt George E. Randolph

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG David B. Birney

1st Brigade


   BG Charles K. Graham[14]
   Col Thomas W. Egan

2nd Brigade


   BG J. H. Hobart Ward

3rd Brigade


   Col Samuel B. Hayman

Artillery


   Cpt A. Judson Clark

Second Division
     MG Hiram Berry (k)
     BG Joseph B. Carr

1st Brigade


   BG Joseph B. Carr
   Col William E. Blaisdell

2nd Brigade


   BG Joseph W. Revere[17]
   Col J. Egbert Farnum

3rd Brigade


   BG Gershom Mott (w)
   Col William J. Sewell

Artillery


   Cpt Thomas W. Osborn

  • 1st New York Light, Battery D: Lt George B. Winslow
  • New York Light, 4th Battery:[19] Lt William T. McLean
  • 1st United States, Battery H: Lt Justin E. Dimick (mw), Lt James A. Sanderson
  • 4th United States, Battery K: Lt Francis W. Seeley

Third Division
   BG Amiel W. Whipple (mw)
   BG Charles K. Graham[14]

1st Brigade


   Col Emlen Franklin

2nd Brigade


   Col Samuel M. Bowman

3rd Brigade


   Col Hiram Berdan

Artillery[20]


   Cpt James F. Huntington

V Corps[edit]

MG George Meade

Chief of Artillery: Cpt Stephen H. Weed

Escort:

  • 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry (2 companies): Cpt William Thompson
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Charles Griffin

1st Brigade


   BG James Barnes

2nd Brigade


   Col James McQuade[22]
   Col Jacob B. Sweitzer

3rd Brigade


   Col Thomas B. W. Stockton

Artillery


   Cpt Augustus P. Martin

Second Division
     MG George Sykes

1st Brigade


   BG Romeyn B. Ayres

  • 3rd United States, Companies B, C, F, G, I, and K: Cpt John D. Wilkins
  • 4th United States, Companies C, F, H, and K: Cpt Hiram Dryer
  • 12th United States, Companies A, B. C, D, and G, 1st Battalion, and A, C, and D, 2nd Battalion: Maj Richard S. Smith
  • 14th United States, Companies A, B, D, E, F, and G, 1st Battalion, and F and G, 2nd Battalion: Cpt Jonathan B. Hager, Maj Grotius R. Giddings[24]
2nd Brigade


   Col Sidney Burbank

3rd Brigade


   Col Patrick O'Rorke

Artillery


   Cpt Stephen H. Weed

Third Division
     BG Andrew A. Humphreys

1st Brigade


   BG Erastus B. Tyler

2nd Brigade


   Col Peter H. Allabach

Artillery


   Cpt Alanson M. Randol

VI Corps[edit]

MG John Sedgwick

Chief of Artillery: Col Charles H. Tompkins

Escort: Maj Hugh H. Janeway

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG William T. H. Brooks

1st Brigade


   Col Henry W. Brown (w)
   Col William H. Penrose
   Col Samuel L. Buck[26] (w)
   Col William H. Penrose

2nd Brigade


   BG Joseph J. Bartlett

3rd Brigade


   BG David A. Russell

Artillery


   Maj John A. Tompkins

Provost Guard

Second Division
     BG Albion P. Howe

2nd Brigade


   Col Lewis A. Grant

3rd Brigade


   BG Thomas H. Neill

Artillery


   Maj J. Watts de Peyster, Jr.

  • New York Light, 1st Battery: Cpt Andrew Cowan
  • 5th United States, Battery F: Lt Leonard Martin

Third Division
     MG John Newton

1st Brigade


   Col Alexander Shaler

2nd Brigade


   Col William H. Browne (w)
   Col Henry L. Eustis

3rd Brigade


   BG Frank Wheaton

Artillery


   Cpt Jeremiah McCarthy

Light Division
     BG Calvin E. Pratt
     Col Hiram Burnham[29]

Infantry
Artillery

XI Corps[edit]

MG Oliver O. Howard

Chief of Artillery: Ltc Louis Schirmer

Escort:

  • 1st Indiana Cavalry, Companies I and K: Cpt Abram Sharra
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Charles Devens, Jr. (w)
     BG Nathaniel C. McLean

1st Brigade


   Col Leopold von Gilsa

2nd Brigade


   BG Nathaniel C. McLean
   Col John C. Lee

Artillery
  • New York Light, 13th Battery: Cpt Julius Dieckmann
Provost Guard

Second Division
     BG Adolph Von Steinwehr

1st Brigade


   Col Adolphus Buschbeck

2nd Brigade


   BG Francis C. Barlow

Artillery
  • 1st New York Light, Battery I: Cpt Michael Wiedrich

Third Division
     MG Carl Schurz

1st Brigade


   BG Alexander Schimmelfennig

2nd Brigade


   Col Wlodzimierz Krzyzanowski

Unattached
Artillery
Reserve Artillery


   Ltc Louis Schirmer

XII Corps[edit]

MG Henry W. Slocum

Chief of Artillery: Cpt Clermont L. Best

Provost Guard:

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Alpheus S. Williams

1st Brigade


   BG Joseph F. Knipe[30]

2nd Brigade


   Col Samuel Ross (w)
   BG Joseph F. Knipe[30]

3rd Brigade


   BG Thomas H. Ruger

Artillery


   Cpt Robert H. Fitzhugh

  • 1st New York Light, Battery K: Lt Edward L. Bailey
  • 1st New York Light, Battery M: Lt Charles E. Winegar (c), Lt John D Woodbury
  • 4th United States, Battery F: Lt Franklin B. Crosby (k), Lt Edward D. Muhlenberg

Second Division
     BG John W. Geary

1st Brigade


   Col Charles Candy

2nd Brigade


   BG Thomas L. Kane

3rd Brigade


   BG George S. Greene

Artillery


   Cpt Joseph M. Knap

  • Pennsylvania Light, Battery E: Lt Charles A. Atwell (w), Lt James D. McGill
  • Pennsylvania Light, Battery F: Cpt Robert B. Hampton (mw), Lt James P. Fleming

Cavalry Corps[edit]

BG George Stoneman[35]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Alfred Pleasonton[36]

1st Brigade


   Col Benjamin F. Davis

2nd Brigade


   Col Thomas Devin

Artillery
  • New York Light, 6th Battery: Lt Joseph W. Martin

Second Division
     BG William W. Averell[37]

1st Brigade


   Col Horace B. Sargent

2nd Brigade


   Col John B. McIntosh

Artillery

Third Division
     BG David McM. Gregg

1st Brigade


   Col H. Judson Kilpatrick

2nd Brigade


   Col Percy Wyndham

Reporting directly Reserve Brigade


   BG John Buford

Horse Artillery


   Cpt James M. Robertson

  • 2nd United States, Batteries B and L: Lt Albert O. Vincent
  • 2nd United States, Battery M: Lt Robert Clarke
  • 4th United States, Battery E: Lt Samuel S. Elder

Artillery[edit]

BG Henry J. Hunt[38]

Brigade Regiments and Batteries
Artillery Reserve


   Cpt William M. Graham
   BG Robert O. Tyler[39]

Train Guard

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Multiple commander names indicate command succession of command during the battle or the campaign.
  2. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XXV, Part 1, pages 156-170; Stephen W. Sears, Chancellorsville, pages 453-467
  3. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XXV, Part 1, pages 172-192; Stephen W. Sears, Chancellorsville, pages 475-492
  4. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XXV, Part 1, pages 1161-1169/Official Records, Series I, Volume LI, Part 1, page 1332
  5. ^ a b Assigned to the 5th Battery, Maine Light on May 3, 1863 by Major General Couch (see: Couch's and Morgan's report)
  6. ^ For Assistant Inspector-General see Couch's and Morgan's report
  7. ^ During the principal operations south of the Rappahannock, Colonel Edward E. Cross had temporary command of a force consisting of the Fifth New Hampshire, Eighty-eighth New York, and Eighty-first Pennsylvania. The Sixty-sixth New York, of the Third Brigade, served temporarily with the First Brigade
  8. ^ Relieved May 1, 1863 (see: Official Records, Series I, Volume XXV, Part 1, page 351)
  9. ^ Relieved May 3, 1863 (see: Laflin's report)
  10. ^ Turned over command to Lieutenant Colonel Lockwood on account of sickness on May 4, 1863 (see: Lockwood's report)
  11. ^ Turned over command to Colonel Albright on account of sickness on May 2, 1863 (see: Albright's report)
  12. ^ Not engaged, assigned to special duty as guard to the corps hospital (see: Albright's report)
  13. ^ Mentioned in Morgan's report, but omitted in the order of battle by Sears and the Official Records
  14. ^ a b Assigned to command of Third Division May 4, 1863
  15. ^ Left regiment on May 3, 1863 on account of exhaustion (see: Birney's and Collis' report)
  16. ^ assumed command on May 5, 1863 (see: Merrill's report)
  17. ^ Relieved of command May 3, 1863 (see: Sickles', Revere's and Farnum's report)
  18. ^ Turned over command to Lieutenant Colonel Price on account of sickness on May 3, 1863 (see: Francine's and Price's report)
  19. ^ Sears and the Official Records lists Lieutenant George F. Barstow in command, but he is not mentioned in the reports. Barstow appears in Cushing's report with the rank of Major and as Assistant Adjutant General (see: Cushing's and Osborn's report)
  20. ^ Captain Albert A. Von Puttkammer was absent (see: Huntington's report)
  21. ^ Attached to the 22nd Massachusetts
  22. ^ Injured on May 4, 1863 and turned over the command to Colonel Sweitzer (see: McQuade's report)
  23. ^ Attached to the 16th Michigan
  24. ^ Assumed command May 3, 1863 (see: Hager's report)
  25. ^ Slightly wounded, but remained in command (see: Tyler's report)
  26. ^ Assumed command May 3, 1863. After Colonel Buck was accidentally injured on May 4, 1863 the command devolved again on Colonel Penrose (see: Penrose's report)
  27. ^ Arrested for intoxication
  28. ^ Commanded the regiment while Colonel Seaver acted as General officer of the day during the retreat over the Rappahannock (see: Grant's and Seaver's report)
  29. ^ Assumed command April 30, 1863 after the resignation of Brigadier General Pratt (see: Burnham's report); according to Eicher and Eicher the date of resignation was April 25, 1863 (see: John H. Eicher and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands, page 438)
  30. ^ a b Assumed also command of the Second Brigade on May 3, 1863 after Colonel Ross was wounded (see: Williams' and Knipe's report)
  31. ^ Turned over command to Major Lane on account of sickness on May 2, 1863 (see: Lane's report)
  32. ^ Injured on May 1, 1863 (see: Beardsley's report)
  33. ^ Assigned to command on May 1, 1863 (see: Randall's report)
  34. ^ Lieutenant Colonel 137th New York; assigned after Major Cook was wounded (see also: Voorhis' report)
  35. ^ The Second and Third Divisions, First Brigade, First Division and the Reserve Brigade, with Battery A, 2nd United States and Batteries B and L, 2nd United States on the "Stoneman Raid," April 29-May 7, 1863
  36. ^ Assumed command of First and Second Divisions, May 4, 1863
  37. ^ Relieved of command May 4, 1863 (see: Averell's report and Official Records, Series I, Volume XXV, Part 1, page 1080)
  38. ^ Chief of Artillery to the whole Army
  39. ^ Assigned May 2, 1863 (see: Official Records, Series I, Volume XXV, Part 2, page 360)

References[edit]