Chandannagore subdivision

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Chandannagore subdivision
চন্দননগর মহকুমা
Subdivision
Chandannagore subdivision is located in West Bengal
Chandannagore subdivision
Chandannagore subdivision
Chandannagore subdivision is located in India
Chandannagore subdivision
Chandannagore subdivision
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°52′N 88°23′E / 22.87°N 88.38°E / 22.87; 88.38Coordinates: 22°52′N 88°23′E / 22.87°N 88.38°E / 22.87; 88.38
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Hooghly
Headquarters Chandannagar
Area
 • Total 508.08 km2 (196.17 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 1,127,176
 • Density 2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB
Website wb.gov.in

Chandannagore subdivision is an administrative subdivision of the Hooghly district in the state of West Bengal, India.

Overview[edit]

A major portion of Chandannagore subdivion is part of the Hooghly-Damodar Plain, the agriculturally rich alluvial plains lying between the Hooghly and the Damodar. The narrow strip of land along the Hooghly is part of the Hooghly Flats. The entire area is a part of the Gangetic Delta. The Hooghly is a tidal river and has a high west bank. The Portuguese, the Dutch, the French, the Danes and the British dominated industry, trade and commerce in this area for more than two centuries, and as a result the Hooghly Flats is highly industrialised.[1]

Subdivisions[edit]

The Hooghly district is divided into the following administrative subdivisions:[2]

Subdivision Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
Rural
Population %
(2011)
Urban
Population %
(2011)
Chinsurah Hugli-Chuchura 1,148.15 1,657,518 68.63 31.37
Chandannagore Chandannagar 508.08 1,127,176 58.52 41.48
Srirampore Serampore 422.45 1,469,849 26.88 73.12
Arambag Arambag 1,058.87 1,264,602 94.77 5.23
Hooghly district Chinsurah 3,149.00 5,519,145 61.43 38.57

Administrative units[edit]

Chandannagore subdivision has 5 police stations, 3 community development blocks, 3 panchayat samitis, 41 gram panchayats, 352 mouzas, 339 inhabited villages, 1 municipal corporation, 3 municipalities and 7 census towns. The single municipal corporation is Chandernagore Municipal Corporation. The municipalities are Tarakeswar Municipality, Bhadreswar Municipality and Champdany Municipality. The census towns are: Bargachhia, Balarambati, Singur, Nasibpur, Jagatnagar, Baruipara and Borai. The subdivision has its headquarters at Chandannagar.[3][4]

Kolkata Urban Agglomeration[edit]

The following Municipal Corporation and Municipalities in Chandannagore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Chandannagar (M Corp.), Bhadreswar (M) and Champdani (M).[5]

Police stations[edit]

Police stations in Chandannagore subdivision have the following features and jurisdiction:[6][7]

Police station Area covered
km2
Municipal town CD Block
Tarakeswar n/a Tarakeswar Tarakeswar
Haripal n/a - Haripal
Singur n/a - Singur
Bhadreswar n/a Bhadreswar, Champdani, Chandannagar (partly) Singur
Chandannagar n/a Chandannagar -

Blocks[edit]

Community development blocks in Chandannagore subdivision are:[2][8]

CD Block Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
SC % ST % Hindus % Muslims % Literacy
Rate %
Census
Towns
Tarakeswar Tarakeswar 119.93 179,148 23.63 5.04 88.94 10.20 79.96 -
Haripal Khamarchandi 184.42 261,073 28.03 6.70 78.42 20.39 78.59 1
Singur Singur 164.85 276,413 17.02 1.47 90.72 8.92 84.07 6

Gram panchayats[edit]

The subdivision contains 41 gram panchayats under 3 community development blocks:[9]

  • Haripal block consists of 15 gram panchayats, viz. Alipur Kashipur, Haripal Kingkarbati, Nalikul Purba, Pyantra, Bandipur, Haripal Sahadev, Narayanpur Bahirkhanda, Sripatipur Ilipur, Chandanpur, Jejur, Dwarhatta, Kaikala, Paschim Gopinathpur, Haripal Ashutosh and Nalikul Paschim.
  • Singur block consists of 16 gram panchayats, viz. Anandanagar, Basubati, Gopalnagar, Singur–I, Bagdanga Chinamore, Beraberi, Kamarkundu Gopalnagar Daluigachha, Singur–II, Bainchipota, Bighati, Mirzapur Bankipur, Balarambati, Bora, Baruipara Paltagarh, Borai Pahalampur and Nasibpur.
  • Tarakeswar block consists of ten gram panchayats, viz. Ashtara Dattapur, Bhanjipur, Naita Malpaharpur, Talpur, Baligori–I, Champadanga, Purba Ramnagar, Baligori–II, Kesabchak and Santoshpur.

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

Chandannagore subdivision has five jute mills – Northbrook Jute Mill, Dalhousie Jute Mill, Angus Jute Works (all at Champdani under Bhadreswar police station), Victoria Jute Mill (at Telinipara) and Gondalpara Jute Works (at Gondalpara) – all along the Hooghly.[10]Jute mills drew in a large labour force from the neighbouring states of Bihar and Orissa, as well as eastern Uttar Pradesh, quite often forming an overwhelming majority of the population in the area, living in shanty towns and bustees dotting the mill area. The proportion of migrants in the population was 80% in Bhadreswar.[11]The entire jute industry is in a bad shape.[12][13]

See also – Victoria Jute Mill, a part of Indian heritage

Amongst the other well-known industrial units in Chandannagore subdivision are: Lagan Engineering and Braithwaite. Lagan Engineering is a jute machinery manufacturing company set up in 1955 in Angus in Champdani. The machinery it has manufactured has been functioning well in numerous jute mills. It has been modernising to keep abreast with the latest technological developments. It was initially set up by the Northern Ireland based-James Mackie & Sons, run for a short period by the Government of India, which subsequently divested its shares to Murlidhar Ratanlal Exports Ltd.[14]Braithwaite’s Angus Works was set up at Champdani in 1960 for manufacturing cranes, foundry products and machinery components etc. In 2010, the administrative control of Braithwaite & Co. was taken over by the Ministry of Railways.[15]

Singur gained international media attention since Tata Motors started constructing a factory to manufacture their $2,500 car, the Tata Nano at Singur. The small car was scheduled to roll out of the factory by 2008.[16] Land acquisition for the project faced strong political opposition right from the beginning.[17] In October 2008 Tatas announced withdrawal from the project.[18] In 2016, the Supreme Court quashed the West Bengal government’s acquisition of 997 acres of agricultural land for Tata Motors and ordered its return to 9,117 landowners.[19][20]

Handloom weaving[edit]

The handloom sarees of Dhaniakhali, Begampur, Jangipara, Rajbalhat areas and dhutis of Haripal, Rajbalhat, Khanakul areas of Hooghly district are widely familiar. [21]

Agriculture[edit]

Hooghly is an agriculturally prosperous district of West Bengal. Alhough the economy has been shifting away from agriculture, it is still the pre-dominant economic activity and the main source of livelihood for the rural people of the district. One third of the district income comes from agriculture.[22]Given below is an overview of the agricultural production (all data in tonnes) for Chandannagore subdivision, other subdivisions and the Hooghly district, with data for the year 2013-14.[23]

CD Block/ Subdivision Rice Wheat Jute Pulses Oil seeds Potatoes Sugarcane
Tarakeswar 86,418 - 58,340 - 3,421 81,573 -
Haripal 49,443 - 24,593 - 1,965 173,968 -
Singur 53,930 12 53,343 - 1,136 58,151 -
Chandannagore subdivision 189,791 12 136,276 - 6,522 313,692 -
Chinsurah subdivision 235,561 92 111,218 4 10,362 812,808 162
Srirampore subdivision 126,852 11 39,820 12 8,058 436,111 2,437
Arambag subdivision 255,011 75 134,541 30 19,477 514,903 123,934
Hooghly district 807,215 190 421,855 46 44,419 2,077,514 126,533

Poverty[edit]

The information given above leads us on to a comment in the District Human Development Report for Hooghly district: In the sub-division wise comparison of the levels of poverty in Hooghly district, Srirampur and Chandannagore share the lowest incidence of poverty.[24]

Education[edit]

Hooghly district had a literacy rate of 81.80% as per the provisional figures of the census of India 2011. Chinsurah subdivision had a literacy rate of 79.17%, Chandannagore subdivision 83.01%, Srirampore subdivision 86.13% and Arambag subdivision 79.05. [25]

Given in the table below (data in numbers) is a comprehensive picture of the education scenario in Hooghly district for the year 2013-14:[25]

Subdivision Primary
School
Middle
School
High
School
Higher Secondary
School
General
College, Univ
Technical /
Professional Instt
Non-formal
Education
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Chinsurah 899 85,213 46 3,885 98 48,722 109 124,068 7 16,342 26 10,564 2,413 45,289
Chandannagore 606 53,382 32 3,312 46 22,000 77 89,132 6 20,450 6 778 1,297 29,127
Srirampore 577 64,207 25 3,611 65 37,997 97 108,199 8 16,631 3 793 1,337 33,060
Arambag 935 80,705 49 5,462 83 48,513 76 91,911 7 16,950 3 228 1,838 57,383
Hooghly district 3,013 283,407 152 16,270 292 157,232 359 413,310 28 70,373 38 12,363 6,885 164,859

Note: Primary schools include junior basic schools; middle schools, high schools and higher secondary schools include madrasahs; technical schools include junior technical schools, junior government polytechnics, industrial technical institutes, industrial training centres, nursing training institutes etc.; technical and professional colleges include engineering colleges, medical colleges, para-medical institutes, management colleges, teachers training and nursing training colleges, law colleges, art colleges, music colleges etc. Special and non-formal education centres include sishu siksha kendras, madhyamik siksha kendras, centres of Rabindra mukta vidyalaya, recognised Sanskrit tols, institutions for the blind and other handicapped persons, Anganwadi centres, reformatory schools etc.[25]

The following institutions are located in Chandannagore subdivision:

Healthcare[edit]

The table below (all data in numbers) presents an overview of the medical facilities available and patients treated in the hospitals, health centres and sub-centres in 2014 in Hooghly district.[39]

Subdivision Health & Family Welfare Deptt, WB Other
State
Govt
Deptts
Local
bodies
Central
Govt
Deptts /
PSUs
NGO /
Private
Nursing
Homes
Total Total
Number
of
Beds
Total
Number
of
Doctors*
Indoor
Patients
Outdoor
Patients
Hospitals
Rural
Hospitals
Block
Primary
Health
Centres
Primary
Health
Centres
Chinsurah 1 2 3 24 - - - 31 61 1,091 108 94,213 1,830,358
Chandannagore 1 3 - 8 - - - 41 53 828 56 70,724 1,105,060
Srirampore 3 2 2 12 - - - 80 99 1,894 85 63,619 1,252,941
Arambag 1 1 5 16 - - - 35 58 919 57 83,469 1,743,719
Hooghly district 6 8 10 60 - - - 187 271 4,732 306 312,025 5,932,078

.* Excluding nursing homes</small"

Medical institutions in Chandannagore subdivision are as follows:
Hospitals: (Name, location, beds)[40]
Chandannagar Subvisional Hospital, Chandernagore Municipal Corporation, 250 beds
Rupali Nandi Cancer Research Centre, Chandernagore Municipal Corporation, 30 beds
Gourhati ESI Hospital, Champdany Municipality, 216 beds

Rural Hospitals: (Name, block, location, beds) [40]
Tarakeswar Rural Hospital, Tarakeswar CD Block, Tarakeswar, 60 beds
Haripal Rural Hospital, Haripal CD Block, PO Khamarchandi, 30 beds
Singur Rural Hospital, Singur CD Block, Singur, 60 beds

Primary Health Centres: (CD Block-wise)(CD Block, PHC location, beds)[40]
Tarakeswar CD Block: Duttapur (4 beds), Talpur (10 beds).
Haripal CD Block: Bandipur (10 beds), Olipur (6 beds), Chapsara, Hurat (6 beds).
Singur CD Block: Bajemelia, PO Gopalnagar (10 beds), Balarambati (10 beds), Bora (10 beds).

Private Hospitals:* (Name, location, beds)[41]
Bhadreswar Municipal Hospital, Telenipara, Bhadreswar, 100 beds
.* Excluding nursing homes

Electoral constituencies[edit]

Lok Sabha (parliamentary) and Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituencies in Chandannagore subdivision were as follows: [42]

Lok Sabha constituency Reservation Vidhan Sabha constituency Reservation CD Block and/or Gram panchayats and/or municipal areas
Hooghly None Singur None Anandanagore, Bagdanga Chinamore, Baruipara Paltagarh, Beraberi, Bighati, Bouichipota, Bora, Borai Pahalampur, Gopalnagore, Mirzapur-Bankipur, Nasibpur, Singur I and Singur II gram panchayats of Singur community development block and Begampur, Kapasaria and Panchghara gram panchayats of Chanditala II CD Block
- - Chandannagar None Chandannagar municipal corporation and Bhadreswar municipality
- - Other five assembly segments in Chinsurah subdivision - -
Arambagh Reserved for SC Haripal None Haripal CD Block and Balarambati, Basubati and Kamarkundu Gopalnagar, Daluigachha GPs of Singur CD Block
- - Tarakeswar None Tarakeswar municipality, Tarakeswar CD Block, and Bhanderhati I, Bhanderhati II, Gopinathpur I, Gopinathpur II and Perambua Sahabazar GPs of Dhaniakhali CD Block
- - Other four assembly segments in Arambagh subdivision and one assembly segment in Paschim Medinipur district - -

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Physiography, Page 17-24. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 19 June 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Table 2.2, 2.4(a). Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 17 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 19 June 2017. 
  4. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 19 June 2017. 
  5. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  6. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  7. ^ "Hooghly District Police". West Bengal Police. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  8. ^ "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 24 October 2016. 
  9. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Hooghly - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  10. ^ "List of Members". Indian Jute Mills Association. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  11. ^ Goswami, Onkar, Calcutta’s Economy 1918-1970 The fall from Grace in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol II, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, p. 90, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-563697-X
  12. ^ "Why Bengal’s jute industry is hanging by a thread". Premankur Biswas. The Indian Express, 29 June 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  13. ^ "Sirens off in six jute mills in West Bengal in less than a month". Namrata Acharya. Business Standard, 26 June 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  14. ^ "Lagan Engineering". Market Leader in Jute Machinery Manufacturing. Lagan Engineering. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  15. ^ "Braithwaite – Engineering Excellence on the Move". Braithwaite & Co. Ltd. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  16. ^ "Tata Motors’ small car to roll out of Singur by 2008". The Hindu Business Line, 26 November 2006. Retrieved 3 June 2016. 
  17. ^ "Singur – A Case Study". Saibal Bishnu. Countercurrents.org, 19 September 2008. Retrieved 3 June 2016. 
  18. ^ "Tata’s Singur Withdrawal ‘slap’ for West Bengal: Biman Bose". Two Circles.net, 4 October 2008. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  19. ^ Rajagopal, Krishnadas. "Return land to Farmers: SC orders West Bengal govt.". The Hindu, 31 August 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  20. ^ "Bengal to return Singur land to farmers on Sept 14". The Hindu Business Line, 12 September 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  21. ^ "District Human Development Report: Hooghly" (PDF). page 67. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  22. ^ "District Human Development Report: Hooghly" (PDF). page 58. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  23. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 18.1. Data for subdivisions/ district calculated by totalling the CD Block data provided. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  24. ^ "District Human Development Report: Hooghly" (PDF). page 90. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  25. ^ a b c "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Basic data: Table 4.4, 4.5, Clarifications: other related tables. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  26. ^ "Chandernagore College". CC. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  27. ^ "Chandernagore Government College". College Admission. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  28. ^ "Supreme Knowledge Group of Institutions". SKF. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  29. ^ "Tarakeswar Degree College". TDC. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  30. ^ "Tarakeswar Degree College". College Admission. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  31. ^ "Vivekananda Mahavidyalaya, Haripal". VMH. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  32. ^ "Vivekananda Mahavidyalaya". College Admission. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  33. ^ "Government General Degree College, Singur". Singur Government College. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  34. ^ "Singur Government General Degree College". College Admission. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  35. ^ "Kabi Sukanta Mahavidyalaya". KSMV. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  36. ^ "Kabi Sukanta Mahavidyalaya". Minglebox. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  37. ^ "Rabindra Mahavidyalaya". RM. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  38. ^ "Khalisani Mahavidyalaya". KM. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  39. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Table 3.1, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  40. ^ a b c "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 July 2017. 
  41. ^ "Private Hospitals in Hooghly district" (PDF). The list includes Nursing Homes also, but here we are giving only Hospitals. Hooghly district administration. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  42. ^ "Delimitation Commission Order No. 18, 15 February 2006" (PDF). West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 24 May 2017.