Location of Chandel district in Manipur
|Founded by||Pakan tribes|
|• Total||521 km2 (201 sq mi)|
|• Density||21.83/km2 (56.5/sq mi)|
|• Official||English, Anal (Pakan) Lamkang (Pakan) and other local languages|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-MN-BI|
This district came into existence on 13 May 1974 as Tengnoupal District. In 1983 the district headquarter was shifted to Chandel, and subsequently it was renamed as Chandel district. Originally the name Chandel was Chamdil, taken from the Anāl (Pakan) language: cham = 'simple', and dil = 'trousers (men's wear)'.
Chandel town is the administrative headquarters of the district. Moreh town, an important trade centre between Manipur and Myanmar is located at the southernmost part of this district. Chakpikarong town is important where the river Chakpi runs in the middle of the town and a business centre in the district, mainly comprises Anāl Tribe. And Tengnoupal town which is also the Sub-Divisional Headquarter is the gate-way to all the roads leading to four corner of the district. Tengnoupal is inhabited by Mate tribe.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Chandel one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the three districts in Manipur currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
The district is divided into 3 sub-divisions:
According to the 2011 census Chandel district has a population of 144,028, roughly equal to the nation of Saint Lucia. This gives it a ranking of 602nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 43 inhabitants per square kilometre (110/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.72%. Chandel has a sex ratio of 932 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 70.85%.
Languages spoken include Anal (Pakan), Lamkang and Meitei language in the Headquarter. Anāl, Lamkang, Moyon and Monsang tribe are dominant in the district headquarter and Aimol, a Sino-Tibetan tongue with less than 2500 speakers, written in the Latin script; and Anal, which is also Sino-Tibetan and spoken by approximately 14,000 Indians, and more in Myanmar (and which should not be confused with the Anus language).
Some languages spoken in Chandel district are:
- Northwestern Kuki-Chin languages
- Zeme language
- Maring dialect
- Bodo language
Flora and fauna
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Saint Lucia 161,557 July 2011 est.
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Aimol: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Anal: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Manipur". Archived from the original on 9 October 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.