Chander Pahar

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Chander Pahar
Cover page of "Chander Pahar", a novel by Bibhutibhusan Banerjee.jpg
Signet Press edition cover
AuthorBibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay
TranslatorsSantanu Sinha Chaudhuri, Pradeep Kumar Sinha (2002 translation, reprinted 2007)
IllustratorShyamalkrishna Bose
Cover artistSatyajit Ray
PublisherM. C. Sircar & Sons Limited (Bengali), Orient Blackswan (English translation, 2002)
Publication date
Published in English
1 July 2002
Media typePrint (hardback & paperback)
Pages175 pp (Eng. trans. edition)

Chander Pahar (Bengali: চাঁদের পাহাড়, English: Mountain of the Moon) is a Bengali adventure novel written by Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay[2] and published in 1937. The novel follows the adventures of a young Bengali man in the forests of Africa. The novel is one of the most-loved adventure novels in the Bengali literature and is one of Bibhutibhushan's most popular works. It spawned a media franchise.

Plot summary[edit]

This novel tells the story of an ordinary young Bengali man, Shankar Roy Chaudhary, as he adventures in Africa in the years 1909 and 1910. After graduating from college at 20-years-old, his family's financial struggles almost force him take a job in a jute mill in Shyamnagar — a prospect he absolutely loathes.

Shankar loves the subject of geography, he wants to follow the footsteps of renowned explorers like Livingstone, Mungo Park, and Marco Polo. He wants to explore the wilderness, passionate for learning about African forests and animals. By a stroke of luck, he gets a job as a clerk at the Uganda Railway and rushes to Africa without a second thought.

After a few months laying rail tracks, he encounters the first of many dangers in pre-World War I Africa: a man-eating lion. Later, he takes up a job as station-master in a desolate station amidst the Veldts, where he narrowly escapes a deadly black mamba. While at this post, Shankar encounters, rescues and nurses Diego Alvarez, a middle-age Portuguese explorer and gold/diamond prospector. Alvarez's arrival becomes a turning point in Shankar's life.

While recovering, Alvarez describes his exploits in Africa with his friend Jim Carter. He explains that, lured by the prospect of a priceless yellow diamond from a Kaafi village chief, Alvarez and Carter searched for these yellow diamond caves, on the Mountain of the Moon (Chander Pahar) in the Richtersveld. Rumors suggested a mythical monster, the Bunyip, guards the mine. The explorers set off into the dense jungle, much against the villagers' advice, and Carter was gruesomely killed, supposedly by the Bunyip.

Shankar, inspired by Alvarez's exploits, resigns from his job and accompanies Alvarez to venture again for the mines. They meet hardships, like a raging volcano. Eventually, they get lost in the forests where Alvarez is killed by the Bunyip. Demoralised, Shankar tries to return to civilization. He finds the Bunyip's cave and the diamond mines by accident. Almost getting lost, he finds the remains of the Italian explorer, Attilio Gatti, and learns that the cave is in fact the diamond mine.

Leaving, he becomes lost in the deserts of Kalahari and nearly dies of thirst. Fortunately, he is rescued by a survey team and taken to a hospital in Salisbury, Rhodesia, from where he sets sail for home. Before going back, he writes his account in a newspaper, earning him money. He names the volcano after Alvarez. He ends the book saying that he will return to the cave one day with a large team, and continue the legacy of Alvarez, Carter, and Gatti.


  • Shankar Roy Chowdhury — The hero of the story, a young man from a village in Bengal. He is a smart, brave person who has a penchant for adventures.
  • Diego Alvarez — A Portuguese explorer. He is a friend and mentor to Shankar, and together they explore the deepest reaches of Richtersveld for the Mountain of the Moon.
  • Jim Carter — A British explorer who was Alvarez's companion in his previous expedition. Alvarez revealed to Shankar that Carter was killed by the Bunyip while he and Carter were exploring the Mountains of the Moon.
  • Attilio Gatti — An Italian explorer. He discovered the diamond mine caves in c. 1879 but dies in a cave (later discovered by Shankar) on his way back, in the hands of his traitorous followers.

In other media[edit]


  • A film based on the novel, named Chander Pahar directed by Kamaleshwar Mukherjee was released on 20 December 2013 (27 December 2013 in all over India).[3] The film, poorly received by critics and the Bengali audience,[citation needed] was produced by Shree Venkatesh Films and has been shot on locations across Africa. It was reportedly being made with a budget of nearly 150 million (US$2.2 million), making it one of the most expensive in the Bengali film industry.

Director Kamaleshwar Mukherjee mentioned Chander Pahar as his "Dream Project". The film has reportedly incorporated CGI and visual effects at par with Hollywood and Bollywood standards. Dev plays the role of the main protagonist, Shankar.[4] Most of the other cast members are from South Africa. According to the crew members, it took a considerable time to decide who would play the role of Diego Alvarez, and South African actor Gérard Rudolf was selected. The first theatrical trailer of the film was released by Shree Venkatesh Films, at the Kolkata Nicco Park on 14 November 2013.

Shooting locations include Kruger National Park, the mountains of Drakensberg, and the deserts of Kalahari.[5]

  • A sequel film Amazon Obhijaan also directed by Kamaleshwar Mukherjee and starring Dev, was released in 2017. The film is based on the characters of Chander Pahar created by Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay.

Graphic novels[edit]

Moon Mountain
Date15 Feb 2014
Page count160 pages
PublisherPenguin India
Creative team
WritersBibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay
Saurav Mohapatra
ArtistSayan Mukherjee
CreatorBibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay
Original publication
  • Another graphic novel named Amazon Obhijaan released as a promotional activity of the film of same name, written by films director Kamaleshwar Mukherjee.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Bandyopadhyay, Bibhutibhushan".
  2. ^ Sunīlakumāra Caṭṭopādhyāẏa (1 January 1994). Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyaya. Sahitya Akademi. pp. 17–. ISBN 978-81-7201-578-7. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
  3. ^ "Film on Chander Pahar - Times Of India". 21 November 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  4. ^ "Kamaleshwar Mukherjee's Trip To South Africa For Chander Pahar, Starring Dev". The Telegraph. Calcutta, India. 9 January 2013.
  5. ^ "Kamaleswar's African safari". The Times of India.
  6. ^ "Bibhutibhushan classic 'Chander Pahar' now as graphic novel".
  7. ^ "Book Review - Moon Mountain".
  8. ^ "Moon Mountain - Penguin Books India".

External links[edit]