Chandigarh International Airport

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Chandigarh International Airport
चंडीगढ़ अंतर्राष्ट्रीय हवाई अड्डा
ਚੰਡੀਗੜ੍ਹ ਕੌਮਾਂਤਰੀ ਹਵਾਈ ਅੱਡਾ
IATA: IXCICAO: VICG
Summary
Airport type Military and Civil
Operator Indian Air Force/Airports Authority of India
Serves Chandigarh (Union Territory), States: Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana
Location Chandigarh & Mohali(Punjab), India
Elevation AMSL 314 m / 1,030 ft
Coordinates 30°40′29″N 076°47′26″E / 30.67472°N 76.79056°E / 30.67472; 76.79056Coordinates: 30°40′29″N 076°47′26″E / 30.67472°N 76.79056°E / 30.67472; 76.79056
Map
IXC is located in Chandigarh
IXC
IXC
IXC is located in India
IXC
IXC
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
11/29 2,744 9,000 Asphalt
Statistics (July 2016)
Passenger movements 144,980(Increase14.1%)
Aircraft movements 1,226(Increase9.1%)
Cargo tonnage 436(Increase20.1%)
Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurating the new terminal on 11 September 2015

Chandigarh International Airport (IATA: IXCICAO: VICG) is a customs airport serving the city of Chandigarh, the capital city of the Indian states of Punjab and Haryana.[3] The airport runway is located in the Union territory of Chandigarh while the new international terminal is located on the south side of the runway and is in Punjab.[4] There are 21 domestic flights and 2 international flights operating from this airport.

History[edit]

Chandigarh airport operated all its Civil/Commercial operations from Civil enclave of the Indian Air Force Station. Indian airlines started operating flights from Chandigarh to Delhi in the 1970s. A new airport building was constructed in the Civil Enclave was opened on 14 April 2011.[5] This Air Terminal was declared a Customs Airport on August 19, 2011 making it eligible for international flights but no international flight ever operated from this terminal.[6] Separately, in 2008 Punjab government acquired 304.04 acres of land on the south side of the existing runway in Jheurheri village at a cost of 452 crore to build the international terminal. This new terminal was completed in 2015 at a cost of Rs. 939 crore.[7][8][9] Punjab and Haryana each have 24.5% stake and the Airports Authority of India holds the rest of 51% stake in the new terminal building.[10]

Naming of the airport[edit]

In 2009, Punjab Legislative Assembly unanimously passed a resolution naming Chandigarh Airport as Shaheed-E-Azam Sardar Bhagat Singh International Airport after Revolutionary Freedom fighter of India, Sardar Bhagat Singh as decided during his birth centenary celebrations in 2007.[11] Leader of opposition of Haryana Legislative Assembly, Abhay Singh Chautala supported Punjab's claim of naming it as Shaheed-E-Azam Sardar Bhagat Singh International Airport, Mohali as the airport is situated in Jheourheri village of Mohali.[12] Indian Youth Congress started march (padyatra) for naming the Chandigarh airport after Bhagat Singh.[13] People's Party of Punjab members protested against Central and Haryana governments for not naming airport as Shaheed-E-Azam Sardar Bhagat Singh International Airport, Mohali.[14] In October 2015, Shaheed Bhagat Singh's nephews Professor Jagmohan Singh and Abhey Singh Sandhu and Aam Aadmi Party MP Dharamvir Gandhi alongside Youths from Punjab and several other states, including activists from the tricity, assembled at Tribune Chowk and demanded to change the name to Shaheed-E-Azam Sardar Bhagat Singh International Airport.[15] On 17 December 2015, Communist Party of India (Marxist) flayed the Centre and the Haryana Government for trying to name Chandigarh Airport after RSS ideologue Mangal Sein, instead of freedom fighter Bhagat Singh as previous Hooda Government was also in support of naming it after Bhagat Singh.[16]

International flights[edit]

On 24 Dec 2015 the Mohali Industries Association filed a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the Punjab and Haryana High Court for non-operation of international flights after an amount of Rs. 1400 crores was spent on the airport.[17][18]

After numerous hearings at Punjab and Haryana High Court and a long wait, IndiGo and Air India Express commenced flights to Dubai and Sharjah respectively from September 2016.

Runways[edit]

The present runway 11/29 has a length of 9,000 ft (2,700 m).[19] The runway uses a CAT 1 ILS system.The construction of CAT II ILS is planned.[20] Indian Air Force owns and operates the runways.[21]

Flights to this airport are limited to operate between sunrise to 10 pm Monday to Friday and sunrise to 8 pm on Saturday and Sunday.

Terminal[edit]

Plants inside the terminal
Terminal interior

This eco-friendly terminal, one of its kind in India was built by Larsen and Toubro.[22] The indoors of the airport laid with plants, brings a feeling of a botanical garden. A new International Terminal built at village of Jheourheri in Mohali, Punjab, India.[23] became operational on October 19, 2015.The old domestic terminal will now be used as only a flying club. Construction of the new terminal included two link taxiways to the terminal and cargo complex. The terminal has three aero-bridges, apron for parking three in contact and ten remote parking stands for aircraft. The departures are on the first floor and arrivals on the ground floor. The first phase terminal covering 53,000 sq metre has a capacity of 1,600 passengers at a time and a parking space for 150 vehicles. The project has Punjab, Airport Authority of India and Haryana as partners.

The new terminal was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 11 September 2015 and domestic flights started operation on 19 October 2015.[24]

This airport is not a greenfield airport but uses the runway of the present Indian air force base.

Access to Chandigarh City Center from Airport

[25]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
AirAsia India Bangalore
Air India Delhi
Air India Express Sharjah
GoAir Mumbai
IndiGo Bangalore, Delhi, Dubai-International, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Srinagar
Jet Airways Delhi, Mumbai
SpiceJet Delhi
Vistara Delhi, Hyderabad

Connectivity[edit]

Road[edit]

The new terminal is located 14 km (8.7 mi) from Chandigarh City center in Sector 17. Chandigarh Transport Undertaking (CTU) Route 17 provides public AC bus to Sector 43 and City center Sector 17.[26] Chandigarh Interstate Bus terminal located in Sector 43 provides direct bus services to all major cities of Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. There are two private taxi operators at the airport, one charging per km and the other flat rate.

Rail[edit]

Chandigarh Train station provides service to Ludhiana, Ambala and kalka.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "TRAFFIC STATISTICS - DOMESTIC & INTERNATIONAL PASSENGERS" (jsp). Aai.aero. Retrieved 6 Jun 2016. 
  2. ^ "Airports Authority of India". www.aai.aero. Retrieved 2015-12-28. 
  3. ^ "Demanding int'l flights, Mohali industry body moves HC". hindustantimes.com. 25 December 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  4. ^ India (10 September 2015). "Land gone, Jheurheri villagers set up hotels near Chandigarh airport". The Indian Express. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  5. ^ http://www.tribuneindia.com/2011/20110415/cth1.htm
  6. ^ "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Chandigarh Stories". www.tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2015-12-29. 
  7. ^ "PM Narendra Modi inaugurates new terminal at Chandigarh airport - The Economic Times". indiatimes.com. 
  8. ^ http://gmada.gov.in/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/RTIGMADA.pdf
  9. ^ "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Main News". www.tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2015-12-29. 
  10. ^ "PM inaugurates new terminal at Chandigarh airport". Trinuneindia News Service. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  11. ^ "Punjab, Haryana government spar over Chandigarh International Airport's name". 
  12. ^ "Name row: Chautala supports Badals". 
  13. ^ "Name airport after martyr: Youth Cong". 
  14. ^ "PPP members protest over name of international airport". 
  15. ^ "Protest for naming International airport after Bhagat Singh". 
  16. ^ "CPI (M) flays Haryana CM over trying to name Chandigarh Airport after RSS ideologue". 
  17. ^ The Tribune Chandigarh, Tribune News. "Mohali Industries Assn files PIL against Centre". tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2016-04-05. 
  18. ^ The Tribune Chandigarh, Tribune News. "Shut airport, if you can't make it operational: HC". tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2016-04-05. 
  19. ^ "Runways - Chandigarh Airport - VICG - IXC - Airport Guide". airportguide.com. Retrieved 2015-12-28. 
  20. ^ "HC raps Centre for not making airport CAT-III compliant". Trinuneindia News Service. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  21. ^ "Chandigarh's international airport remains a domestic one". hindustantimes.com. Retrieved 2015-12-29. 
  22. ^ "India Has a New Eco-Friendly Airport Terminal. And It Is More than Just Amazing! - The Better India". The Better India. Retrieved 2015-12-29. 
  23. ^ "PM Narendra Modi inaugurates new terminal at Chandigarh airport". businesstoday.in. 
  24. ^ "PM Modi inaugrates [sic] Chandigarh International Airport". The Times of India. 11 September 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2015. 
  25. ^ http://www.punjabnewsline.com/content/view/11643/93/
  26. ^ http://chdctu.gov.in/PDF/cturoutes.pdf