Chandler v. Florida
|Chandler v. Florida|
|Argued November 12, 1980|
Decided January 26, 1981
|Full case name||Chandler v. Florida|
|Citations||449 U.S. 560 (more)|
101 S. Ct. 802; 66 L. Ed. 2d 740
|The Constitution does not prohibit a state from experimenting with a program such as is authorized by Florida's Canon 3A (7).|
|Majority||Burger, joined by Brennan, Marshall, Blackmun, Powell, Rehnquist|
|Stevens took no part in the consideration or decision of the case.|
Chandler v. Florida, 449 U.S. 560 (1981), was a legal case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that a state could allow the broadcast and still photography coverage of criminal trials. While refraining from formally overruling Estes v. Texas, which in 1965 held that media coverage was “infringing the fundamental right to a fair trial guaranteed by the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment,” it effectively did so.
After the media was allowed to televise a portion of their case, two Miami Beach police officers filed suit objecting to the coverage case. The two police officers were charged with burglarizing a Miami Beach restaurant.
Question Before the Court
Decision of the Court
In an 8-0 decision in favor of the State of Florida, Chief Justice Burger wrote the opinion for the Supreme Court. Citing Estes v. Texas (1964), the Court denied Chandler's claim that a media presence in the courtroom is offensive to due process. So long as the "evolving technology" does not infringe on "fundamental guarantees" of the accused, the media does not violate a person's constitutional right to due process. Further, the Court noted that the previous statute upheld by the Florida State Supreme Court implemented strict guidelines "intended to protect the right of a defendant to a fair trial" in regards to the medias coverage of a criminal trial.
- Ares, Charles E. (1981). "Chandler v. Florida: Television, Criminal Trials, and Due Process". The Supreme Court Review. The Supreme Court Review, Vol. 1981. 1981: 157–192. JSTOR 3109543.
- Jennings, James M., II (1982). "Is Chandler a Final Rewrite of Estes?". Journalism Quarterly. 59 (1): 66–73. doi:10.1177/107769908205900110.
- Nesson, Charles R.; Koblenz, Andrew D. (1981). "The Image of Justice: Chandler v. Florida". Harvard Civil Rights—Civil Liberties Law Review. 16 (2): 405–413.
- Text of Chandler v. Florida, 449 U.S. 560 (1981) is available from: Justia Library of Congress Oyez (oral argument audio)
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