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This is the Village which was once the location of the capital of Chandrapur rulers which also boasts of a fort and a temple within its citadel. It is located 10 km from the inland of Margao and has both the ancient and modern aspects to its history. The ancient Chandor was once a port of international repute and a great capital where trade and commerce flourished. Its geographical location is just perfect with the loop of the Kushavati river with another tributary of the Zuari to the west.
Chandor is a vital part of Goa’s historic past with sparse remnants of ancient inscriptions and a site of extensive excavation. Goa was treated as a chess pawn in the constant moves by the great rulers and dynasties of South India. It was the most important capital of the famous Mauryan emperor Chandragupta, who was a powerful king in India and spread his reign all over the subcontinent including Goa after the defeat of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C.
Chandor also boasts of ancient inscriptions of Bhoja kings dating back to the 3rd or 4th Century A.D. Goa is believed to have been ruled by Bhojas in the 3rd Century A.D. Their seat of power was Chandrapur which is present day Chandor and their kingdom included Shashti, Antruz, Bardez, North Kanara district, part of Belgaum district and some other areas around Goa. The earliest piece of evidence being the Siroda plate found in Shiroda on the banks of a river. It also has a Shiva temple with old remnants of the fortress walls and form one of the oldest structural remains in Goa. Chandor’s origins are not exact, which has been justified by the fact that there has been found pottery of the Satyavahanas which leads one to think that their dynasty was much older than the Bhoja kings, ruling far back as 200 BC.
Father Heras on his discovery of Chandor in 1929, found a very old and shattered image of Nandi, Shiva’s Bull, believed to be affected adversely by raids in the 13th century. It dates back to the 7th century when Chandraditya was proclaimed as the ruler of the Konkan along with Chandrapur by his father, Pulakesin II, the great Chalukyan emperor. The status grew manifold with the establishment of trade and sea links mainly by the Arab traders who vastly inhabited the Arabian sea, the Persian Gulf, African east coast and the stretch of the western coast of India to Ceylon and thus, Chandor played an important role in boosting trading activities.
The first Jain sculpture (belonging to the early southern Shilahara) in Salcete, Chandor was discovered by Fr Henry Heras during one of his expeditions.
Chandor is located at. It has an average elevation of 2 metres (7 feet).
Chandor is connected by road from Margao. It has its own railway station.
The Bragança House was built in the 17th century. This huge house is situated on one side of the village square. It has now been divided into two separate houses, with a common entrance.
The east wing, occupied by the Pereira Bragança family, has a small chapel with a relic of St. Francis Xavier, which is a fingernail. The artefacts, collected by the family over a number of years, have added to the beauty of the house. There is a Great Salon, a large ballroom with the floor made of Italian marble, antique chandeliers from Europe adorning the ceiling, and heavily carved, ornate rosewood furniture. What stands out among the furniture is a pair of high-backed chairs, bearing the family crest, which was given to the Pereira Bragança family by King Dom Luís of Portugal. Most of the furniture dates back to the 18th century and is made from local seeso (martel wood), lacquered or inlaid with mother of pearl by craftsmen from Curtorim village. For antique aficionados, the house holds many delightful finds.
The west wing of the house belongs to the Menezes Bragança family. Apart from its exquisite furniture and Chinese porcelain from Macau, it also houses a collection of family portraits, dating back to the 17th and 18th centuries. The library is believed to be the first private library in Goa. It has almost 5,000 leather bound books in Portuguese, English and French collected by Luís de Menezes Bragança (1878–1938), a reputed journalist, renowned for the part he played in Goa’s independence movement.
- http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in:8080/jspui/handle/10603/31915, chapter 1, CHAPTER ONE : SALT - THE WORLD, INDIA AND GOA, pp 21-73
- Kerkar, Rajendra; TNN (31 October 2014), Jain heritage dwindles as govt sits pretty, The Times of India
- "Goan heritage". Retrieved 2008-11-04.