Chandor

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Chandor
Village
Chandor is located in Goa
Chandor
Chandor
Location of Chandor in Goa
Chandor is located in India
Chandor
Chandor
Chandor (India)
Coordinates: 15°15′52″N 74°02′52″E / 15.26444°N 74.04778°E / 15.26444; 74.04778Coordinates: 15°15′52″N 74°02′52″E / 15.26444°N 74.04778°E / 15.26444; 74.04778
CountryIndia
StateGoa
DistrictSouth Goa
Sub-districtSalcete
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Postcode403714
Area code(s)0832

Chandor is a village in South Goa district, Salcete sub-district, in the Indian state of Goa. on the banks of the river Kushavati, 10 km east from Margao.

History[edit]

The ancient city of Chandrapura, where Chandor now stands, served as a capital from the Bhoja period to that of the Kadambas.[1] It also boasts of a fort and a temple within its citadel. Located 10 km from the inland of Margao, it has both ancient and modern aspects to its history.

Chandor also boasts of ancient inscriptions of Bhoja kings dating back to the 3rd or 4th Century CE. Goa is believed to have been ruled by Bhojas in the 3rd Century CE. Their seat of power was Chandrapur which is present day Chandor and their kingdom included Shashti, Antruz, Bardez, North Kanara district, part of Belgaum district and some other areas around Goa.[2] The earliest piece of evidence being the Siroda plate found in Shiroda on the banks of a river. It also has a Shiva temple with old remnants of the fortress walls and form one of the oldest structural remains in Goa. Chandor’s origins are not exact, which has been justified by the fact that there has been found pottery of the Satyavahanas which leads one to think that their dynasty was much older than the Bhoja kings, ruling far back as 200 BCE.

Father Heras on his discovery of Chandor in 1929 CE, found a very old and shattered image of Nandi, Shiva’s Bull, believed to be affected adversely by raids in the 13th century CE. It dates back to the 7th century CE when Chandraditya was proclaimed as the ruler of the Konkan along with Chandrapur by his father, Pulakesin II, the great Chalukyan emperor. The status grew manifold with the establishment of trade and sea links mainly by the Arab traders who vastly inhabited the Arabian sea, the Persian Gulf, African east coast and the stretch of the western coast of India to Ceylon and thus, Chandor played an important role in boosting trading activities.

The first Jain sculpture belonging to the early southern Shilahara in Salcete, Chandor was discovered by Fr Henry Heras during one of his expeditions.[3]

Geography[edit]

Chandor is located at 15°15′52″N 74°02′52″E / 15.26444°N 74.04778°E / 15.26444; 74.04778. It has an average elevation of 2 metres (7 feet).

Transport[edit]

Chandor is connected by road from Margao. It has its own railway station.

Notable places[edit]

  • St.Tiago Chapel Chandor with historical palace step stone at the entrance.

Bragança house[edit]

The Bragança House was built in the 17th century. This huge house is situated on one side of the village square. It has now been divided into two separate houses, with a common entrance.

The east wing, occupied by the Pereira Bragança family, has a small chapel with a relic of St. Francis Xavier, which is a fingernail. The artefacts, collected by the family over a number of years, have added to the beauty of the house. There is a Great Salon, a large ballroom with the floor made of Italian marble, antique chandeliers from Europe adorning the ceiling, and heavily carved, ornate rosewood furniture. What stands out among the furniture is a pair of high-backed chairs, bearing the family crest, which was given to the Pereira Bragança family by King Dom Luís of Portugal. Most of the furniture dates back to the 18th century and is made from local seeso (martel wood), lacquered or inlaid with mother of pearl by craftsmen from Curtorim village. For antique aficionados, the house holds many delightful finds.

The west wing of the house belongs to the Menezes Bragança family. Apart from its exquisite furniture and Chinese porcelain from Macau, it also houses a collection of family portraits, dating back to the 17th and 18th centuries. The library is believed to be the first private library in Goa. It has almost 5,000 leather bound books in Portuguese, English and French collected by Luís de Menezes Bragança (1878–1938), a reputed journalist, renowned for the part he played in Goa’s independence movement.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vidyut, Kumar Ta (25 May 2002). "Chandor excavations throw up temples - Times of India". The Times of India.
  2. ^ Harischandra Tucaram Nagvenkar (1999), "Salt — The World, India and Goa", Salt and the Goan economy: A study of Goa's Salt industry and Salt trade in the 19th and 20th centuries during the Portuguese rule, Goa University, pp. 21&ndash, 73, retrieved 2017-07-06
  3. ^ Rajendra Kerkar (2014-10-31), "Jain heritage dwindles as govt sits pretty", TNN, TOI, retrieved 2017-07-06
  4. ^ "Goan heritage". Archived from the original on 2010-05-30. Retrieved 2008-11-04.

Chandor.org

External links[edit]

Important landmarks in Chandor

1) Nossa Senhora de belem church