Chandra Muzaffar

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Chandra Muzaffar, 2014

Chandra Muzaffar is a Malaysian political scientist, and an Islamic reformist and activist.[1] He has written on civilization dialogue, human rights, Malaysian politics and international relations.


Muzaffar was the first Director of the Centre for Civilisational Dialogue at the University of Malaya, in Kuala Lumpur. He then became the Noordin Sopiee Professor of Global Studies at the University of Science (USM) in Penang.

From 1977 to 1991, he founded Aliran Kesedaran Negara (Aliran); a multi-ethnic reform group in Malaysia for justice, freedom and solidarity.[2] He later became the president of the International Movement for a Just World (JUST), a non-governmental organization (NGO) that aims to raise public consciousness on the moral and intellectual basis of global justice.


  • Protector (1979)
  • Universalism of Islam (1979)
  • Islamic Resurgence in Malaysia (1987)
  • Human Rights and the New World Order (1993)
  • Alternative Politics for Asia: A Buddhist-Muslim Dialogue (1999)
  • Rights, Religion and Reform (2002)
  • Global Ethic or Global Hegemony? (2005)
  • Hegemony: Justice; Peace (2008)
  • Religion & Governance (2009)
  • Politics in Asia: A Buddhist-Muslim Dialogue

Election results[edit]

Parliament of Malaysia : Bandar Tun Razak, Kuala Lumpur[3]
Year Opposition Votes Pct Government Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1999 Chandra Muzaffar (PKR) 21,049 48.59% Tan Chai Ho (MCA) 22,273 51.41% 45,041 1,224 76.10%


  1. ^ Shireen Hunter (2014). Reformist Voices of Islam: Mediating Islam and Modernity. Routledge. p. 217. ISBN 9781317461241. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Interviews - Chandra Muzaffar | Muslims | FRONTLINE | PBS". Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri" (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 4 February 2017. Percentage figures based on total turnout.

External links[edit]