Chandragupta I

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Not to be confused with Chandragupta Maurya.
Chandragupta I
Queen Kumaradevi and King Chandragupta I on a coin of their son Samudragupta 350 380 CE.jpg
Queen Kumaradevi and King Chandragupta I, depicted on a coin of their son, Samudragupta;350–380 CE
3rd Gupta Emperor
Reign c. 320 – c. 335 CE
Coronation 320 CE
Predecessor Ghatotkacha
Successor Samudragupta
Consort Kumaradevi
Issue Samudragupta
Dynasty Gupta
Father Ghatotkacha
Religion Hinduism[citation needed]

Chandragupta was a major king in the Gupta Empire around 320 CE and is generally considered as the founder of the Gupta dynasty. As the ruler of the Gupta Empire, he is known for forging alliances with many powerful families in the Ganges region.


Chandragupta the First was the son of Ghatotkacha and the grandson of Maharaja Sri Gupta. Unlike his predecessors, who were known as Maharaja (king), he came to be known as Maharajadhiraja (king of kings). He came to power in 320AD as his father Ghatotkacha died leaving him on the throne.[citation needed] However it remains unknown how he expanded "small principality to the status of an important kingdom" by annexing neighbouring kingdoms. He also married a Licchhavi princess Kumaradevi indicating that the matrimonial connections between the two led to the "political greatness" of the Gupta dynasty.[1]

The exact boundaries of his empire remains unknown. He had two main sons. The eldest was Kacha and the younger was Samudragupta.


  1. ^ Majumdar 2013, p. 230.


Regnal titles
Preceded by
Gupta Emperor
Succeeded by