Chandrakant T. Patel
|Chandrakant T. Patel,|
|Died||25, December, 1990, Died in a Car accident.|
|Known for||Cotton Research, Dr. C.T.Patel's popular innovative methods in plant breeding :!. being the nursery-cum-pot irrigation 2. Telephone system, for successful cotton cultivation.|
|Awards||Hari Om Ashram Award
Indian civilian honour (1977)
Tata Endowment Award
Indian Merchants Chamber Award
Federation of Gujarat Mills and Industry Award
National Tonnage Club Award
Hexamar Award, instituted by The Indian Society for Cotton Improvement (ISCI), Bombay
Vasvik Industrial Research Award for Agricultural Science & Technology, 1977
Indian Society for Cotton Improvement (ISCI), Mumbai
|Fields||HYBRID-4 COTTON :, developed an intra-specific hybrid by crossing (Gujarat-67 X American Nectariless variety), known as Hybrid-4/(H-4, produced 6,918 Kg kapas/ha (2,352 Kg lint/h] twice the yield of Gujarat-67 (parent varieties)]], Natural resource management, After two decades of continuous research efforts, it was able to produce 213-304 Kg.lint/ha. highly successful in Central India. The Fiber properties : Hybrid-4, has excellent fiber properties; adaptability is very good, The first successful hybrid of commercially cultivated cotton and was a turning point in the Indian Cotton Development program. M.Sc. degree in Plant Breeding and Genetics from Bombay University in 1956,The Sardar Patel University in Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat, honorary D.Sc. degree in 1978|
|Institutions||Surat Cotton Research Station|
Chandrakant T. Patel, (11 July 1917 – 25 December 1990) was a cotton scientist, who developed the first commercial cotton hybrid, known as Hybrid-4 (Sankar-4), in 1970, which was later cultivated commercially in the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra.
Chandrakant T. Patel was born in Sarsa in the Kaira District of Gujarat and obtained his M.Sc. degree in Plant Breeding and Genetics from Bombay University in 1954. He is known as Father of Hybrid cotton. He worked at Surat Agricultural University and after two decades of continuous research efforts, successfully developed an intraspecific hybrid by crossing Gujarat-67 X American Nectariless variety, known as Hybrid-4 (H-4), which produced about 80 to 100 qt of Kapas/ha. Earlier research practices.carried out for nearly two decades helped to procure 213–304 kg.lint/ha. But the Hybrid-4 variety produced a record high of 6,918 kg kapas/ha (i.e.:2,352 kg lint/h] H-4 became highly successful in Central India, giving more than twice the yield compared to the parent varieties Gujarath-67. The fibre properties were excellent and its adaptability makes it still popular. This was the first successful hybrid of commercially cultivated cotton and was a turning point in the Indian Cotton Development programme. He devised many innovative methods in plant breeding, the most popular being the nursery-cum-pot irrigation and telephone system, for successful cotton cultivation. The Sardar Patel University in Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat, bestowed an honorary D.Sc. degree on him in 1978. Patel died in 1990 as result of a car accident.
- Indo American Hybrid Co, as a Scientist.
- Gujarat Agricultural University, Visiting Professor for Post Graduate Students and Cotton Specialist.
- CIMF-CDRA’s Research Co-Coordinator,
- A Zonal Co-Ordinator, Gujarat Unit, for AICCI Project of ICAR.
- M. S. Nath Agro, Research Foundation, Research Executive.
- M/S Hoechst Seed Project Center, as a Cotton Specialist.
He was the recipient of awards and medals:
- Hari Om Ashram Award.
- FICCI Award, Tata Endowment Award, by Indian Merchants Chamber Award.
- Federation of Gujarat Mills and Industry Award.
- National Tonnage Club Award.
- Hexamar Award, instituted by The Indian Society for Cotton Improvement (ISCI), Bombay.
- Vasvik Industrial Research Award for Agricultural Science & Technology, 1977.
- Indian Society for Cotton Improvement (ISCI), Mumbai.
- 'My Spin Lab'-By: H.R.Laxmivenkatesh, 'Eminent Indian Scientists',P.73,'Dr.Chandrakanth T.Patel',(1917-1990)
- Murugkar, M; B. Ramaswami; M. Shelar (2007-09-15). "Competition and Monopoly in Indian Cotton Seed Market" (PDF). Economic and Political Weekly. 42 (37): 3781. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- "Cotton in India". Greenpeace. Archived from the original on 2007-12-23. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- Patel, C. T. (1981-04-20). "Evolution of hybrid-4 cotton". Indian Academy of Science, Current Science. 50 (8): 3446.
- R, Paroda (2004). "Scaling-up: how to reach a billion resource-poor farmers in developing countries" (PDF). 4th International Crop Science Congress. p. 9. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- "Award Winners for Agricultural Sciences & Technology". Vasvik Industrial Research Awards. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- Patel, C. T. (1981-04-20). "Evolution of hybrid-4 cotton". Indian Academy of Science, Current Science. 50 (8): 343–346.
- Menon, M (September 2003). Organic Cotton: Re-inventing the Wheel (PDF). Kalpavriksh: Deccan Development Society. p. 13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2011.
- Rukmani, R. (ed.) (2007). Measures of Impact of Science and Technology in India: Agriculture and Rural Development (PDF). M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation/Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India. pp. 67–72. ISBN 81-88355-05-4.