Chandrakona II

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Chandrakona II
চন্দ্রকোণা II
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Chandrakona II is located in West Bengal
Chandrakona II
Chandrakona II
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°44′N 87°31′E / 22.73°N 87.52°E / 22.73; 87.52Coordinates: 22°44′N 87°31′E / 22.73°N 87.52°E / 22.73; 87.52
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Paschim Medinipur
Area
 • Total 175.03 km2 (67.58 sq mi)
Elevation 56 m (184 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 123,269
 • Density 700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 721201 (Chandrakona)
721260 (Bandipur)
721127 (Krishnapur)
Area code(s) 03227
Vehicle registration WB-34
Literacy 76.96%
Lok Sabha constituency Arambagh
Vidhan Sabha constituency 232 Chandrakona (SC)
Website www.paschimmedinipur.gov.in/block/chandrakona2

Chandrakona II is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Ghatal subdivision of Paschim Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Overview[edit]

Paschim Medinipur, located in the south-western part of West Bengal, was created with the partition of the erstwhile Midnapore district, then the largest district of India, on 1st January 2002. It ranks second in terms of geographical area (9,295.28  km2) amongst the districts of the state, next to South 24-Parganas (9,960  km2). It ranks third in terms of rural population (4.58 million) following South 24-Parganas (5.82 million) and Murshidabad (5.13 million). It ranked fourth in terms of percentage of tribal population (14.87) following Jalpaiguri (18.87), Purulia (18.27) and Dakshin Dinajpur (16.12) in 2011.[1]

Broadly speaking, there are two natural divisions of the district. NH 14 and NH 16 (old numbering NH 60) from Bankura to Balasore, cuts across the district and roughly is the dividing line between the two natural divisions. To the east of this road, the soil is fertile alluvial and the area is flat. To the west, the Chota Nagpur Plateau gradually slopes down creating an undulating area with infertile laterite rocks/ soil. The landscape changes from dense dry deciduous forests in the west to marshy wetlands in the east.[1]

The alluvial portion may be further subdivided into two divisions. First, it is a strip of purely deltaic country nearer to the Hooghly and the Rupnarayan, intersected by numerous rivers and water courses subject to tidal influences. Second, it is rest of the eastern half of the district. It is a monotonous rice plain with numerous waterways and tidal creeks intersecting it. The tidal creeks are lined with embankments to prevent flooding of the fields. Much of the area is water-logged.[1]

In Chandrakona II CD Block 100% of the cultivated area has alluvial soil.[1]

Rivers[edit]

The river system of Paschim Medinipur district consists of the Rupnarayan, the Silabati or Silai, the Kangsabati or Kansai, the Subarnarekha and the Dulongs. The Silai enters the district from Bankura district, flows through the northern parts of Medinipur Sadar subdivision and then enters Ghatal subdivision and joins the Rupnarayan at Bhandar, 4 miles below Ghatal. The Kasai enters the district from Bankura district. It flows past Medinipur town, bifurcates into two channels, one of which joins the Rupnarayan. Purandar, Gopa, Chandaur and Kubai are important tributaries in the system. The Subarnarekha enters the district from East Singhbhum district in Jharkhand, flows through the southern part of Medinipur Sadar subdivision, intersects Gopiballavpur police station area, flows past Dantan town and enters Balasore district of Odisha.[1]

Floods and drought[edit]

Paschim Medinipur district is subject to both floods and drought. Ghatal and parts of Kharagpur subdivision covering an area of 142,647 hectares (1,426.47 km2) are flood prone. Water logging during the rainy season affects Ghatal and the southern parts of Kharagpur subdivion and results in loss of crops in such areas as Sabang, Pingla and Narayangarh CD Blocks.335,248 hectares (3,352.48 km2) in Jhargram and Medinipur Sadar subdivisions are drought prone. The drought situation is particularly severe in Jhargram subdivision. Although the district is away from the sea, cyclones hit it frequently in October-November.[1]

Location[edit]

Chandrakona is located at 22°44′N 87°31′E / 22.73°N 87.52°E / 22.73; 87.52.

Chandrakona II CD Block is bounded by Garhbeta I and Chandrakona I CD Blocks in the north, Chandrakona I CD Block in the east, Keshpur CD Block in the south and Garhbeta III CD Block in the west.[2][3] It is located 47 km from Midnapore, the district headquarters.[2]

Area and administration[edit]

Chandrakona II CD Block has an area of 175.03  km2.[4]Chandrakona police station serves this CD Block. Chandrakona II panchayat samity has 5 gram panchayats. The block has 128 inhabited villages.[5]Headquarters of this block is at Chandrakona.

Forest[edit]

Pashim Medinipur has a forest cover of 171,935 hectares. The main products of the forest are: Sal, Teak, Babble, Mahua, Amla, broom sticks etc.[6] The main forested areas are Jhargram, Binpur, Nayagram, Garhbeta, Midnapore, Jambani, Gopiballavpur and Salboni. Chandrakona II CD Block has a forest cover of 852 hecatres, which is 5.01% of the reporting area of the CD Block.[5]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Chandrakona II block/ panchayat samiti are: Bandipur I, Bandipur II, Basanchhora, Bhagabantapur I, Bhagabantapur II and Kuapur.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Chandrakona II CD Block had a total population of 123,269, all of which were rural. There were 63,180 (51%) males and 60,089 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 15,231. Scheduled Castes numbered 37,330 (30.28%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 6,841 (5.55%).[8]

As per the 2001 census, Chandrakona II block had a total population of 106,586, out of which 54,504 were males and 52,083 were females. Chandrakona II block registered a population growth of 18.85 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.45 per cent.[9]

Villages[edit]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Chandrakona II CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Krishnapur (6,083), Murakata (4,411), Jhakra (4,993) and Bala (4,604).[8]

Other villages in Chandrakona II CD Block are: Basanchhara (2,128) and Bandipur (2,829).[8]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Chandrakona II CD Block was 83,145 (76.96% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 46,086 (83.09% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 37,059 (70.49% of the female population over 6 years). The gender gap in literacy rates was 12.60%.[8]

As per the 2011 census, literacy in Paschim Medinipur district was 78.00%.[10]Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[11]Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[11]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate

Language[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Chandrakona II CD Block
Hindu
  
78.22%
Muslim
  
20.64%
Others
  
1.14%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 96,425 and formed 78.22% of the population in Chandrakona II CD Block. Muslims numbered 25,442 and formed 20.64% of the population. Others numbered 1,402 and formed 1.14% of the population.[12]Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[13] Christians and other religious communities.[12]

In 2011, Hindus numbered 5,056,953 and formed 85.52% of the population in Paschim Medinipur district. Muslims numbered 620,554 and formed 10.49% of the population. Others (including Christians) numbered 235,950 and formed 3.99% of the population. Christians numbered 23,287 and formed 0.39% of the population. In West Bengal, Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[12]

Human Development Report[edit]

According to the District Human Development Report of Paschim Medinipur: The district represents regional diversity in terms of physiographic, agro-climatic characteristics, economic development, social composition etc. Over 7,500 inhabited villages of the district reflect highly differential features and indicators of human development. There are pockets of prosperity in the eastern part and areas of distress in the western part. From 2009 Maoist violence rapidly spread across eleven western CD Blocks of the district: Binpur I, Binpur II, Salboni, Grahbeta II, Jamboni, Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Gopiballavpur I, Gopiballavpur II, Sankrail and Nayagram. [14]

The level of urbanisation in the district is low. In 2001 the percentage share of the urban population in the district was 11.90 against 27.96 in the state as a whole. Population density at 531 persons per  km2 was lower than the West Bengal average of 903 persons per  km2. The literacy rate has increased significantly from 39.80% in 1981 to 70.41% in 2001, but the gender gap in literacy rate (difference between female and male literacy rates) is substantial.[14]

There is high agricultural productivity differential across 29 blocks of the district. The differential being high across drought prone blocks of the western part of the district and substantially irrigated blocks of its eastern part. Low productivity of agriculture has considerable relevance for high level of poverty among households in the drought prone regions specially among the SCs and STs. The district is relatively backward in the development of infrastructure.[14]

Electrification was extended to 76.79% mouzas of the district by 2007. In Chandrakona II CD Block electricity was extended to 91.60% of mouzas by 2007.[14]

The United Nations Development Programme considers the combined primary and secondary enrolment ratio as the simple indicator of educational achievement of the children in the school going age. The infrastructure available is important. In Chandrakona II CD Block out of the total 110 primary schools in 2008-2009, 38 had pucca buildings, 21 partially pucca, 1 kucha and 50 multiple type. In the district as a whole 43.6% of primary schools and 88.38% of upper primary schools had libraries, 30.99% primary schools (classes I – V) and 78.37% upper primary schools (classes VI to VIII) had play grounds, and 20.83% upper primary schools had computers. 62,697 sudents of primary schools and 242,728 students of upper primary schools were covered under the Midday Meal Scheme. Nayagram and Gopiballavpur I CD Blocks have been identified as educationally backward blocks and special efforts are being made through National Programme of Education for Girls at Elementary Level and Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya hostels. These are the hostels for accommodating girl students from weaker sections of the society and all costs relating to their livelihood are borne by the government so that they are not to be deprived of availing elementary education for want of money or other social issues.[14]

As per the Rural Household Survey conducted in 2005 by the Department of Panchayats and Rural Development, Government of West Bengal, 43.79% of rural houselds in the district were Below Poverty Line against 34.12% in West Bengal.[14]

The 29 CD Blocks of the district were classified into four categories based on the poverty ratio. Nayagram, Binpur II and Jamboni CD Blocks have very high poverty levels (above 60%). Kharagpur I, Kharagpur II, Sankrail, Garhbeta II, Pingla and Mohanpur CD Blocks have high levels of poverty (50-60%), Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Dantan I, Gopiballavpur II, Binpur I, Dantan II, Keshiari, Chandrakona I, Gopiballavpur I, Chandrakona II, Narayangarh, Keshpur, Ghatal, Sabang, Garhbeta I, Salboni, Debra and Garhbeta III CD Blocks have moderate levels of poverty (25-50%) and Daspur II and Daspur I have low levels of poverty (below 25%).[14]

The loco shops of South Eastern Railway employed 3,983 persons, the carriage shops of South Eastern Railway employed 2,189 persons, the wagon repair shops of South Eastern Railway employed 1,700 persons. There 14 units employing between 250 and 1,000 persons. All other industrial establishments in Paschim Medinipur employed less than 250 persons. More than 80% of Paschim Medinipur’s population depend on agricultural activities for a living.[14]

The dominant SC gropus in the district are Bagdi Dule, Dom, Jalia Kaibarta, Mal, Rajbanshi, Rajoyar, Keora, Bhimali, Bauri, and Tiyar. Ghatal sub-division has highest concentration of 24.95% SC population. The western part of the district shows more dense ST population. The Jhargram sub division has the highest concentration, i.e. 30.02% of total ST population. The major tribal communities of the district are Santhal, Bhumij, Munda, Lodha, Kora and Mahali. Among them, Lodha only belong to the primitive tribal group. Most of the STs live on agricultural labour. Many ST families move to the neighbouring districts in search of work, particularly during the cultivation season.[14]

(Note: Certain topics, such as Geography, Literacy, Education, Healthcare etc., are not/not fully covered here and are covered elsewhere in this page.)


Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Chandrakona II CD Block had 100 hectares of canals in 2003-04, 400 hectares were irrigated with tank water, 1,000 hectares by deep tube wells and 2,000 hectares by shallow tube wells.[5]In 2006-07 in Chandrakona II CD Block 20.63% of the gross cropped area had facilities for irrigation.[15]

In 2003-04 Chandrakona II CD Block had 35 km of surfaced roads under PWD, 30 km surfaced roads under Zilla Parishad and 139 km unsurfaced roads under Gram Panchayat and Panchayat Samiti.[5]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2003-04 the farmers of Chandrakona II CD Block could be classified as follows: Bargadars 10.61%, patta (document) holders 35.21 %, small farmers 6.85%, marginal farmers 17.36% and agricultural labourers 30.00%.[5]

As of 2003-04, Chandrakona II CD Block had 2,730 hectares vested land, out of which 2,183 hectares were distributed amongst 16,385 persons.[5]

In 2003-04 net area sown in Chandrakona II CD Block was 10,552 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 5,700 hectares.[5]

In 2003-04 Chandrakona II CD Block produced 4,400 tonnes of Aus paddy from 1,650 hectres, 30,750 tonnes of Aman paddy from 10,210 hectares, 540 tonnes Boro paddy from 160 hectares, 270 tonnes Jute from 20 hectares, 280 tonnes wheat from 140 hectares and 158,780 tonnes of potatoes from 7,150 hectares.[5]

Pisciculture[edit]

In Chandrakona II CD Block 418 hectares was the nett area under effective pisiculture and 801 persons were engaged in the profession. Approximate annual production in 2003-04 was 7,866 qtl.[5]

Transport[edit]

Chandrakona II CD Block has 12 ferry services and 9 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway station is 18 km from the block headquarters.[5]

Communication[edit]

Website[edit]

Chandrakona II development block launched its Official website http://www.chandrakona2.in/, in association with Chandrakona II Panchayet Samity on 5 July 2012 at Chandrakona Town Hall. Namita Dey, Saha-sabhadhipati, Paschim Medinipur Zilla Parishad, inaugurated the website. Anshuman Adhikary, SDO Ghatal, Mamata Chowdhury, Sabhapati, Chandrakona II Panchayet Samity, Saikat Hazra, BDO - Chandrakona II Dev. Block, Ashek Rahman, BDO Chandrakona I Dev. Block, Debabrata Roy, BDO Ghatal, graced this occasion. A felicitation ceremony with the toppers of each school/ madrasha, under Chandrakona II Dev. Block and Chandrakona municipal area, in madhyamik exam'12, higher secondary exam'12 and high madrasah exam'12, was organized simultaneously on that stage as a part of the website launching programme.[16]

Education[edit]

In 2003-04, Chandrakona II CD Block had 110 primary schools with 10,723 students, 10 middle schools with 2,827 students, 6 high schools with 3,232 students and 1 higher secondary school with 1,144 students. Chandrakona II CD Block had 131 institutions with 6,600 students for special and non-formal education. Chandrakona II CD Block had 73 mass literacy centres. Chandrakona (municipal town outside both Chandrakona I and Chandrakona II CD Blocks) had a general college.[5]

Healthcare[edit]

Chandrakona II CD Block had 1 hospital, 2 health centres and 21 clinics with 68 beds and 7 doctors in 2003.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter I Introduction and Human Development Indices for Paschim Mednipur. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "Chandrakona ii Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "District Map Paschim Medinipur". Maps. Paschim Medinipur district administration. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "District Statistical Handbook – 2004 – Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). 2.1, 2.2, 3.1, 4.4, 4.6, 8.2, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 18.3, 18.4, 20.1, 21.1, 21.2. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 21 July 2016. 
  6. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Paschim Midanpur district" (PDF). Forests. MSME Development Institute. Retrieved 26 June 2016. 
  7. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Paschim Medinipur (West Midnapore) District: Census 2011 data". 2016 Digital Trends. Census Population 2015 Data. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  13. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Pages: 4-16, 38, 60-75, 176-178, 251, 263,271. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Page 146, Table 5.19, Percentage Share of Irrigated Area. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  16. ^ "Chandrakona II Development Block". Paschim Medinipur district authorities. Retrieved 25 July 2016.