Chandrakona I

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Chandrakona I
চন্দ্রকোণা I
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Chandrakona I is located in West Bengal
Chandrakona I
Chandrakona I
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°43′48.0″N 87°34′48.0″E / 22.730000°N 87.580000°E / 22.730000; 87.580000Coordinates: 22°43′48.0″N 87°34′48.0″E / 22.730000°N 87.580000°E / 22.730000; 87.580000
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Paschim Medinipur
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 193.54 km2 (74.73 sq mi)
Elevation 16 m (52 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 136,006
 • Density 700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 721201 (Chandrakona)
721232 (Manoharpur)
Area code(s) 03225
Vehicle registration WB-34
Literacy 78.93%
Lok Sabha constituency Arambagh
Vidhan Sabha constituency Chandrakona
Website paschimmedinipur.gov.in

Chandrakona I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Ghatal subdivision of Paschim Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

In Chandrakona I CD Block is a flat deltaic country intersected by numerous rivers and water courses. 100% of the cultivated area has highly productive alluvial soil.[1]

Chandrakona is located at 22°44′N 87°31′E / 22.73°N 87.52°E / 22.73; 87.52.

Chandrakona I CD Block is bounded by Goghat I and Goghat II CD Blocks, in Hooghly district, in the north, Ghatal CD Block in the east, Daspur I CD Block in the south and Chandrakona II and Garhbeta I CD Blocks in the west.[2][3]

It is located 53 km from Midnapore, the district headquarters.[2]

Chandrakona I CD Block has an area of 193.54 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 6 gram panchayats, 102 gram sansads (village councils), 132 mouzas and 126 inhabited villages. Chandrakona police station serves this block.[4] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Bamaria, Kshirpai.[5]

Gram panchayats of Chandrakona I block/ panchayat samiti are: Jara, Laxmipur, Mangrul, Manikkundu, Monoharpur I and Monoharpur II.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Chandrakona I CD Block had a total population of 136,006, all of which were rural. There were 69,820 (51%) males and 66,186 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 15,077. Scheduled Castes numbered 46,759 (34.38%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 7,516 (5.53%).[7]

As per the 2001 census, Chandrakona I block had a total population of 118,077, out of which 60,277 were males and 57,800 were females. Chandrakona I block registered a population growth of 13.98 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent.[8] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.45 per cent.[9]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Chandrakona I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Jara (5,569) and Mangul (5,462).[7]

Other villages Chandrakona I CD Block include (2011 census figures in brackets): Manikkunda (2,828) and Lakshipur (2,939).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Chandrakona I CD Block was 95,452 (78.93% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 52,777 (85.00% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 42,675 (72.53% of the female population over 6 years).The gender gap in literacy rates was 12.48%.[7]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

Religion in Chandrakona I CD Block
Hindu
  
87.14%
Muslim
  
12.00%
Others
  
0.86%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 118,511 and formed 87.14% of the population in Chandrakona I CD Block. Muslims numbered 16,328 and formed 12.00% of the population. Others numbered 1,167 and formed 0.86% of the population.[10] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[11] Christians and other religious communities.[10]

BPL families[edit]

In Chandrakona I CD Block 44.21% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[12]

According to the District Human Development Report of Paschim Medinipur: The 29 CD Blocks of the district were classified into four categories based on the poverty ratio. Nayagram, Binpur II and Jamboni CD Blocks have very high poverty levels (above 60%). Kharagpur I, Kharagpur II, Sankrail, Garhbeta II, Pingla and Mohanpur CD Blocks have high levels of poverty (50-60%), Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Dantan I, Gopiballavpur II, Binpur I, Dantan II, Keshiari, Chandrakona I, Gopiballavpur I, Chandrakona II, Narayangarh, Keshpur, Ghatal, Sabang, Garhbeta I, Salboni, Debra and Garhbeta III CD Blocks have moderate levels of poverty (25-50%) and Daspur II and Daspur I have low levels of poverty (below 25%).[12]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

132 or 100% of mouzas in Chandrakona I CD block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[13]

129 mouzas in Chandrakona I CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 111 fertiliser depots, 108 seed stores and 28 fair price shops in the CD Block.[13]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Chandrakona I CD Block

  Bargadars (8.62%)
  Patta holders (24.49%)
  Small farmers (2.55%)
  Marginal farmers (25.56%)
  Agricultural labourers (38.77%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not fully implemented. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[14]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Chandrakona I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 8.62%, patta (document) holders 24.49%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 2.55%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 25.56% and agricultural labourers 38.77%.[13]

In 2005-06 the nett cropped area in Chandrakona I CD Block was 17,000 hectares out of geographical area of 22,228 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 12,827 hectares.[15]

The extension of irrigation has played a role in growth of the predominantly agricultural economy.[16]In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Chandrakona I CD Block was 13,019 hectares, out of which 500 hectares were irrigated by canals, 600 hectares by tank water, 8,186 hectares by deep tubewells, 2,905 hectares by shallow tubewells, 240 hectares by river lift irrigation and 588 hectares by other methods.[13] In 2013-14, Chandrakona I CD Block produced 3,786 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 3,266 hectares, 30,208 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 7,546 hectares and 20,064 tonnes of potatoes from 1,900 hectares. It also produced oilseeds.[13]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Chandrakona I CD Block had offices of 9 commercial banks and 1 gramin bank.[13]

Transport[edit]

Chandrakona I CD Block has 8 ferry services and 1 originating/ terminating bus route. The nearest railway station is 30 km from the CD Block headquarters.[13]

State Highway 4 (West Bengal) running from Jhalda (in Purulia district) to Digha (in Purba Medinipur district) passes through this block.[17]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Chandrakona I CD Block had 117 primary schools with 8,218 students, 7 middle schools with 1,077 students, 14 high schools with 6,807 students and 9 higher secondary schools with 7,887 students. Chandrakona I CD Block had 257 institutions for special and non-formal education with 9,715 students,[13]

The United Nations Development Programme considers the combined primary and secondary enrolment ratio as the simple indicator of educational achievement of the children in the school going age. The infrastructure available is important. In Chandrakona I CD Block out of the total 116 primary schools in 2008-2009, 37 had pucca buildings, 21 partially pucca, and 58 multiple type.[18]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Chandrakona I CD Block had 1 rural hospital and 5 primary health centres with total 68 beds and 8 doctors. It had 23 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 5,083 patients were treated indoor and 141,866 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). pages 4-5 (About Paschim Medinipur), page 26 (Predominant Soil), pages 265- 268 (Identification of flood prone areas, Names of drought prone blocks). Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Chandrakona i Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "District Map Paschim Medinipur". Maps. Paschim Medinipur district administration. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Map of Paschim Medinipur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  10. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page 177. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  14. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter V: Economic Livelihoods, pages 129-131. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page: 60. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 31 July 2016.