Chandrapur district

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Chandrapur district
चंद्रपूर जिल्हा
District of Maharashtra
Location of Chandrapur district in Maharashtra
Location of Chandrapur district in Maharashtra
Country India
State Maharashtra
Administrative division Nagpur Division
Headquarters Chandrapur
Tehsils 1. Chandrapur, 2. Bhadravati, 3. Warora, 4. Chimur, 5. Nagbhid, 6. Bramhapuri, 7. Sindewahi, 8. Mul, 9. Saoli, 10. Gondpimpri, 11. Rajura, 12. Korpana, 13. Pomburna, 14. Ballarpur, 15. Jivati
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies 1. Chandrapur (shared with Yavatmal district), 2. Gadchiroli-Chimur (shared with Gadchiroli district)
 • Assembly seats 6
Area
 • Total 10,690 km2 (4,130 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 2,071,101
 • Density 190/km2 (500/sq mi)
 • Urban 32.11%
Demographics
 • Literacy 59.41%
Average annual precipitation 1398 mm
Website Official website

Chandrapur District is a district in Nagpur Division of the Indian state of Maharashtra. The district was formerly known as Chanda District, renamed in 1964. It was the largest district in India until it was split into the separate district of Gadchiroli. It had a population of 2,071,101, with 32.11% of the population classified as urban as of 2001.[1]

It is known for its Super Thermal Power Plant, one of the biggest in Asia, and its vast reserves of coal in Wardha Valley Coalfield. Chandrapur also has large reservoirs of limestone. The abundance of lime and coal supplies many cement factories, such as L&T (now UltraTech Cement), Gujarat Ambuja (Maratha Cement Works), Manikgarh, Murli Cement and ACC Cement in the district.

Tadoba National Park near Chandrapur is one of India's 28 Project tiger reserves.

The city of Chandrapur, the administrative headquarters, has ancient temples of Anchaleshwar (Lord Shiva) and Mahakali (Goddess Mahakali).

Divisions[edit]

Chandrapur district comprises 15 talukas, namely Chandrapur, Ballarpur, Rajura, Bhadravati, Warora, Chimur, Nagbhid, Bramhapuri, Sindewahi, Mul, Sawali, Gondpipri, Korpana, Pombhurna and Jiwati.

The district has six Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) constituencies: Rajura, Chandrapur, Ballarpur, Warora, Bramhapuri and Chimur. Rajura, Chandrapur, Ballarpur and Warora are part of Chandrapur Lok Sabha constituency. Bramhapuri and Chimur are part of Gadchiroli-Chimur Lok Sabha constituency.[2]

Demography[edit]

According to the 2011 census Chandrapur district had a population of 2,194,262,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Latvia.This gives it a ranking of 207th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 192 inhabitants per square kilometre (500/sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 5.95%.[3] Chandrapur has a sex ratio of 959 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 81.35%.[3]

Geography[edit]

Chandrapur district is located in the eastern edge of Maharashtra in Nagpur division and forms the eastern part of 'Vidarbha' region. It is located between 19.30’ N and 20.45’ N latitude and 78.46’E longitude.This district is called a geological museum because all types of rocks,fossils from all the periods are found here.Igneous,metamorphic and sedimentary rocks like coal,lime,shale ,fossils are found.Suresh Chopane a well known amateur geologist has established,'Suresh Chopane Rock Museum' here and all these evidences can be seen there.

Economy[edit]

Chandrapur district has large deposits of coal and lime stone. The mammoth coal mines and limestone mines in the district also contribute to the heavy industrialization of the city. Western Coalfields Limited (WCL), a subsidiary of Coal India, has many mines here. Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station by Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Limited is its biggest pit head thermal power station.The limestone mines are Manikgarh Cement, a division of Century Textile and Industries, part of the BK Birla group of companies, UltraTech Cement (formerly L&T Cement), a division of Grasim Industries, part of the Aditya Birla Group; Chandrapur Cement Works, a division of Associated Cement Companies, part of Holcim Group; and Maratha Cement Works, part of Ambuja Cements Limited. The district also boasts of having Ballarpur Industries Limited, the largest manufacturer and exporter of paper in India and Chandrapur ferro alloy plant, the largest manganese-based ferro alloy producer in the country.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 July 2007. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  2. ^ "District wise List of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website. Archived from the original on 18 March 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 19°57′N 79°18′E / 19.950°N 79.300°E / 19.950; 79.300