Chandrapur district

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Chandrapur district
Location of Chandrapur district in Maharashtra
Location of Chandrapur district in Maharashtra
CountryIndia
StateMaharashtra
DivisionNagpur Division
HeadquartersChandrapur
Tehsils1. Chandrapur, 2. Bhadravati, 3. Warora, 4. Chimur, 5. Nagbhid, 6. Bramhapuri, 7. Sindewahi, 8. Mul, 9. Saoli, 10. Gondpimpri, 11. Rajura, 12. Korpana, 13. Pomburna, 14. Ballarpur, 15. Jivati
Government
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies6
Area
 • Total11,443 km2 (4,418 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,204,307
 • Density190/km2 (500/sq mi)
 • Urban
35.12 percent
Demographics
 • Literacy59.41 percent
 • Sex ratio961
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 353E, NH 930, MSH 6, MSH 9, SH 233, SH 243, SH 264
Average annual precipitation1578 mm
Websitechanda.nic.in

Chandrapur district (earlier known as Chanda district) is a district in the Nagpur Division in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Chandrapur was the largest district in India until the Gadchiroli and Sironcha tehsils were split into separate districts in 1981. In 2011, the district population was 2,204,307.[1]

Chandrapur district is known for its super thermal power station, and its vast reserves of coal in Wardha Valley Coalfield.[2] Chandrapur also has large reservoirs of limestone which is a raw material for cement manufacturing in the district.

Tadoba National Park in the district is one of India's twenty-eight Project Tiger reserves. The 2015 census of tigers found that 120 of Maharashtra's 170 tigers were located in Chandrapur district.[3]

Divisions[edit]

Political Map of Chandrapur District in the Indian State of Maharashtra. Generated by Maharashtra Remote Sensing Applications Centre (MRSAC) for Govt of Maharashtra.

Chandrapur district comprises 23 census towns and 1792 villages spread over 15 talukas.[4]

Subdivisions and talukas in Chandrapur District
Subdivision Talukas Villages
Chandrapur Chandrapur 91
Ballarpur Ballarpur 31
Mul Mul 106
Saoli 111
Gondpimpri Gondpimpri 97
Pombhurna 71
Warora Warora 182
Bhadravati 154
Chimur Chimur 259
Sindewahi 115
Rajura Rajura 108
Korpana 110
Jiwati 83
Bramhapuri Bramhapuri 136
Nagbhid 138

Politics[edit]

The district contains six Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) constituencies. They are Rajura, Chandrapur, Ballarpur, Warora, Bramhapuri and Chimur. Rajura, Chandrapur, Ballarpur, and Warora are part of the Chandrapur Lok Sabha constituency. Bramhapuri and Chimur are part of the Gadchiroli-Chimur Lok Sabha constituency.[5][6]

Demography[edit]

At the time of the 2011 census of India, Chandrapur district had a population of 2,204,307, which was 1.96 percent of the population of the Maharashtra state.[7] The district population density was 193 inhabitants per square kilometre (500/sq mi).[7] Between 2001 and 2011, the district population grew by 6.43 percent.[7] Females numbered 1,080,473 and males 1,123,834. For every 1,000 males, there were 961 females.[7] 80.01 percent of people in Chandrapur district were literate.[7]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 83.63% of the population in the district spoke Marathi, 8.66% Hindi, 2.58% Telugu, 1.59% Gondi, 0.98% Urdu and 0.78% Bengali as their first language.[8]

Marathi is the major language spoken in the district. Gondi is spoken by a significant number of tribal people.[9]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901397,079—    
1911504,261+2.42%
1921494,594−0.19%
1931569,233+1.42%
1941651,323+1.36%
1951728,013+1.12%
1961851,678+1.58%
19711,117,908+2.76%
19811,416,953+2.40%
19911,771,994+2.26%
20012,071,101+1.57%
20112,204,307+0.63%
source:[10]

Geography[edit]

The Chandrapur district is located in the far east of Maharashtra state. It is part of Nagpur division. The district lies the in the eastern part of the Vidarbha region. The Chandrapur district is located between 19.30’ N and 20.45’ N latitude and at 78.46’ E longitude. The district is surrounded by Bhandara and Nagpur districts at its northern side, Wardha and Yavatmal districts at its western side, Gadchiroli district on the eastern side and Komaram Bheem and Adilabad districts of Telangana state on the southern side. In the Survey of India degree sheet, it falls in NOS 55 LF and 56 I M.

Economy[edit]

The Chandrapur district has large deposits of coal.[11] The district also has limestone mines for the manufacturing of cement.[12] The Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station managed by the Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Limited is a thermal power plant. The Chandrapur Ferro Alloy Plant, a public sector unit engaged in the production of manganese based ferro-alloys.

In 1956, the Ballarpur Industries Limited paper mill was founded in the district. Raw materials such as bamboo, wood, sabai grass, soya bean and cottonseed oil, rags and yarn waste are sourced locally.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ORGI. "Census of India: Search Details". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  2. ^ "New generating unit adds 500MW capacity to CSTPS - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  3. ^ Joshi, Saili (2 November 2017). "Tadoba's Andhari Tiger Reserve: A big delight for nature enthusiasts". The Economic Times. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Talukas in Chandrapur District, Maharashtra". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  5. ^ "District wise List of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website. Archived from the original on 18 March 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
  6. ^ "District wise List of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website. Archived from the original on 18 March 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Chandrapur District : Census 2011 data" (PDF). Directorate of Census Operations in Maharashtra. 2011.
  8. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  9. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  10. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  11. ^ "Location Map | Western Coalfields Limited". westerncoal.nic.in. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  12. ^ "Mining Leases" (PDF). 2014.
  13. ^ Bapat, S. P. (2006). Spatial Efficiency In Geography. Concept Publishing Company. p. 65. ISBN 9788180692826.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 19°57′N 79°18′E / 19.950°N 79.300°E / 19.950; 79.300