Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi

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Sir Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi
Governor of Odisha
In office
1 April 1946 – 14 August 1947
Preceded by Howthorne Lewis
Succeeded by Kailash Nath Katju
Governor of Punjab (India)
In office
15 August 1947 – 11 March 1953
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Sir Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh
Governor of Andhra Pradesh
In office
1 October 1953 – 1 August 1957
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Bhim Sen Sachar
Personal details
Born (1893-07-02)2 July 1893
Kapadvanj, Kaira District, Bombay Presidency, British India
(now Kheda district, Gujarat, India)
Died 15 March 1980(1980-03-15) (aged 86)
Kapadvanj, Kaira District (now Kheda district), Gujarat, India
Spouse(s) Kusumben Chunilal Trivedi

Sir Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi KCSI, CIE, OBE, ICS (2 July 1893 - 15 March 1980) was an Indian administrator and civil servant who served as the first Indian governor of the state of Punjab (then East Punjab) after Independence in 1947. He subsequently served as the first Governor of Andhra Pradesh from its creation in 1953 until 1957.

Life and early career[edit]

Trivedi was born and raised in Kapadvanj in Kaira (now Kheda) District, then in the Bombay Presidency of British India and now in Gujarat. After completing his studies at Bombay University and at St John's College, Oxford, he successfully sat the Indian Civil Service exams in 1916 and was appointed to the service the following October,[1] returning to India in December 1917.[2]

He first served in the Central Provinces as an assistant commissioner (officiating deputy commissioner from January 1924), and as the provincial director of industries and registrar of cooperative societies from November 1926; until then, he had served in the position in an officiating role from June 1925. In March 1927, Trivedi was confirmed as a deputy commissioner, and was posted to the Home Department of the Government of India as a deputy secretary in May 1932.[2] He was advanced to the rank of officiating joint secretary in April 1934 and in an officiating role, was appointed the chief secretary of the Central Provinces in October 1937. During the Second World War, Trivedi was promoted to additional secretary (war) with the central government in March 1942, and was promoted to full secretary that July.[2]

Following the end of the war, and with the end of the British Raj imminent, Trivedi was appointed as the first Indian and last British-appointed Governor of Odisha in late 1945. He formally succeeded to the governorship in April 1946, serving until 14 August 1947, the day before India's independence from Britain. On the same day, he was appointed the first Indian governor of the new Indian province of East Punjab (part of which is now Haryana).[3]

After Independence and later life[edit]

In the wake of Partition, with Lahore, the former provincial capital of the undivided Punjab, now in Pakistan, Trivedi was immediately beset with numerous challenges upon assuming the governorship of East Punjab. His ministers were forced to work without offices, clerical staff or communication networks; with all telephone and telegraph lines only routed through Lahore, direct contact could not be made with Delhi. The limited infrastructure soon complicated the government's response to the communal massacres which raged across the region during the autumn of 1947. In addition, Trivedi faced severe difficulties in supporting the massive influx of Hindu and Sikh refugees flooding into East Punjab from Pakistan.[4]

Trivedi was the first Governor of the renamed state of Punjab [5] from 1950 to 1953, The First Governor of Andhra Pradesh [6] from 1 October 1953 till 1 August 1957.

He also was a member of The Planning Commission of India [1] from 28 October 1957 till 1 December 1963; and was the deputy Chairperson of the Planning Commission of India [7] from 22 September 1963 till 2 December 1963. who served as the President of the Bharat Scouts and Guides from February 1967 to October 1973.

After a long, happy and meaningful life, Trivedi retired and spent the rest of his life in his hometown, where he died on 15 March 1980, aged 86.[8]

Personal life[edit]

He married Lady Kusum Chunilal Trivedi (also from Kapadwanj). She was awarded a gold Kaisar-i-Hind Medal in the final imperial honours list issued on 14 August 1947.[9]

Honours[edit]

He was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 1931 New Year Honours list,[10] a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) in the 1935 Birthday Honours list and as a Companion of the Order of the Star of India (CSI) in the 1941 Birthday Honours list.[11][12] He was knighted in the 1945 Birthday Honours list,[13] and was invested with his knighthood by the Viceroy, Lord Wavell at Viceroy's House (now Rashtrapati Bhavan) in New Delhi on 18 August of that year.[14] Later the same year, on 21 December 1945, he was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India (KCSI).[15] He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 1956.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 30365". The London Gazette. 2 November 1917. p. 11370. 
  2. ^ a b c The India Office and Burma Office List: 1945. Harrison & Sons, Ltd. 1945. p. 361. 
  3. ^ "No. 38059". The London Gazette. 29 August 1947. p. 4095. 
  4. ^ Hajari, Nisid (2015). Midnight's Furies: The Deadly Legacy of India's Partition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp. 140–45. ISBN 978-0-547-66924-3. 
  5. ^ List of Governors of Punjab (India)
  6. ^ List of Governors of Andhra Pradesh
  7. ^ List of deputy chairpersons of the planning commission of India
  8. ^ Land and People of Indian States and Union Territories in 36 Volumes: Volume 9 (Haryana). Kalpaz Publications. 2006. p. 389. ISBN 81-7835-365-2. 
  9. ^ "No. 38161". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1947. p. 32. 
  10. ^ "No. 33675". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1930. p. 12. 
  11. ^ "No. 34166". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 May 1935. p. 3599. 
  12. ^ "No. 35184". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 June 1941. p. 3284. 
  13. ^ "No. 37119". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 June 1945. p. 2934. 
  14. ^ "No. 37273". The London Gazette. 18 September 1945. p. 4645. 
  15. ^ "No. 37400". The London Gazette. 21 December 1945. p. 6211. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Justice Bhuvaneshwar Prasad Sinha
Presidents of the Bharat Scouts and Guides
1967–1973
Succeeded by
Dharma Vira