Chang'e 5

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Chang'e 5
Mission type Surface sample return
Operator CNSA
Spacecraft properties
Launch mass 8200kg
Start of mission
Launch date November 2017[1]
Rocket Chang Zheng 5
Launch site Wenchang
Orbital parameters
Reference system Selenocentric
Lunar orbiter
Orbital insertion Late 2017
Lunar lander
Landing date Late 2017
Sample mass 2kg

Chang'e 5 (Chinese: 嫦娥五号; pinyin: Cháng'é wǔhào) is an unmanned Chinese lunar exploration mission currently under development, which is expected to land on the Moon by 2017.[2][3][4] Chang'e 5 will be China's first sample return mission, aiming to return at least 2 kilograms of lunar soil and rock samples back to the Earth. Like its predecessors, the spacecraft is named after the Chinese moon goddess Chang'e. This will be the first Lunar sample-return mission since Luna 24 in 1976.

Mission profile[edit]

The probe will be launched by Long March 5 rocket at the Wenchang Satellite Launch Center on Hainan Island. After making a soft landing on the Moon, the lander will dig and collect a lunar sample from up to 2 meters below the surface.

Unlike earlier Soviet missions, the mission will make an automatic rendezvous and docking with the return module in lunar orbit before flying back to the Earth.[2][5][6]

Chang'e 5-T1[edit]

Chang'e 5-T1 is an experimental unmanned lunar mission that was launched on 23 October 2014 to conduct atmospheric re-entry tests on the capsule design planned to be used in the Chang'e 5 mission.[7][8][9][10]

Lander payload[edit]

The lander will carry landing cameras, optical cameras, a mineral spectrometer, a soil gas analytical instrument, a soil composition analytical instrument, a sampling sectional thermodetector, and a robotic drilling rig.[citation needed]