Chang Ch'ung-ho

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Chang Ch'ung-ho
Chang Chung-Ho met Hans Fränkel in November 1948.jpg
Chang Ch'ung-ho was married to Hans Fränkel in November 1948 in Beijing.
Native name
BornMay 17, 1914
DiedJune 17, 2015(2015-06-17) (aged 101)
New Haven, Connecticut, United States
Other namesZhang Chonghe
Alma materPeking University
OccupationEducator, writer
Notable work
Hans Fränkel
(m. 1948; died 2003)
ChildrenEmma Fränkel, Ian H. H. Frankel
Parent(s)Father: Zhang Wuling
Mother: Lu Ying
RelativesSisters: Chang Yuen-ho, Chang Yun-ho, Chang Chao-ho
Chang Ch'ung-ho
Traditional Chinese張充和
Simplified Chinese张充和

Chang Ch'ung-ho or Zhang Chonghe (Chinese: 張充和; May 17, 1914 – June 17, 2015),[1] also known by her married name Ch'ung-ho Chang Frankel, was a Chinese-American poet, calligrapher, educator and Kunqu opera singer. She is hailed as "the last talented woman of the Republic of China" (民國最後一位才女).[2]

Life and career[edit]

Chang Ch'ung-ho (Zhang Chonghe) was born in Shanghai in 1914, with her ancestral home in Hefei, Anhui.[3] Her great-grandfather, Zhang Shusheng (張樹聲), was a high-ranking military officer in the Huai Army.[3] Her father, Zhang Wuling (張武齡), was an educator.[3] Her mother, Lu Ying (陸英), was a housewife.[2] She had six brothers and three sisters.[3] Her eldest sister, Chang Yuen-ho (張元和; 1907–2003), was a Kunqu expert.[3] Her second sister, Chang Yun-ho (張允和; 1909–2002), was also a Kunqu expert.[3] Her third sister, Chang Chao-ho (張兆和; 1910–2003), was a teacher and writer, and the wife of the celebrated novelist Shen Congwen.[3]

At the age of 21, she was accepted to Peking University. After graduating from PKU, Chang Ch'ung-ho became an editor for the newspaper Central Daily News.

In 1947, Chang met Hans Fränkel at Peking University, they married in November 1948, and settled down in the United States in January 1949.[2][3][4] They had a daughter, Emma Fränkel (傅愛瑪) and a son, Ian Frankel. Ch'ung-ho taught at Yale University, Harvard University and 20 other universities, teaching traditional Chinese culture.

After the Cultural Revolution, Chang visited Suzhou in 1979.

In 1986, Chang Ch'ung-ho and her sister Chang Yuen-ho attended a theatrical performance which was commemorated the 370 anniversary of the death of Tang Xianzu in Beijing.

In the Autumn of 2004, Chang Ch'ung-ho held an exhibition of paintings in Beijing.

On June 17, 2015, Chang Ch'ung-ho died in New Haven, Connecticut, aged 101.[5]

Selected works[edit]

  • Taohuayu (桃花魚) or Peach Blossom Fish


  1. ^ "张充和·戏梦人生" (in Chinese). Beijing Evening News. June 11, 2015. Archived from the original on June 21, 2015. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c 民国最后一位才女张充和逝世 (in Chinese). Ifeng. 2015-06-18.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "最后的才女"张充和去世 合肥四姐妹成绝响 (in Chinese). 2015-06-18.
  4. ^ 張充和去世 被評"為九如巷張家的民國往事畫上句點" (in Chinese). 2015-06-19.
  5. ^ "张充和去世 真正的女神一去不返" (in Chinese). ZY News. June 19, 2015. Retrieved June 20, 2015.

Further reading[edit]