A view of Nanchangshan Island (南长山岛), one of the Changdao Islands
Location in Yantai
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Head of County||Zhang Yanting (张延廷)|
|• Total||8,756 km2 (3,381 sq mi)|
|• Land||56 km2 (22 sq mi)|
|• Water||8,700 km2 (3,400 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||202.8 m (665.4 ft)|
|• Density||4.9/km2 (13/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
The Changdao County simplified Chinese: 长岛县; traditional Chinese: 長島縣; pinyin: Chángdǎo Xiàn; literally: "long island county") is a county in Yantai, an area of Shandong in the People's Republic of China. It consists of the Changshan Islands (zh:长山列岛) in the Bohai Sea, north of Penglai. They are known for their sandy beaches and picturesque limestone cliffs. The total land area is only 56 square kilometers (22 sq mi), but the coastline is 146 km (91 mi) long.
The Changshan Islands simplified Chinese: 长山列岛; traditional Chinese: 長山列島; pinyin: Chángshān lièdǎo), also known as the Temple Island or Miaodao Archipelago (庙岛群岛; 廟島群島; Miàodǎo qúndǎo) are 32 islands strategically located between the Bay of Bohai and the Yellow Sea (West Sea). In Chinese, they are also known as the "Long Islands" (长岛; 長島; Chángdǎo) and, anciently, as the "Islands of the Sandy Gate" (沙门岛; 沙門島; Shāmén dǎo).
1 subdistrict, 1 town, 6 townships:
Nanchangshan Subdistrict 南长山街道 South Chang Mountain Subdistrict Tuojizhen Town 砣矶镇 Beichangshan Township 北长山乡 North Chang Mountain Township Heishan Township 黑山乡 (Black Mountain Township) Daqindao Township 大钦岛乡 (Big Qin Island Township) Xiaoqindao Township 小钦岛乡 (Little Qin Island Township) Nanhuangcheng Township 南隍城乡 (South Huang City Township) Beihuangcheng Township 北隍城乡 (North Huang City Township)
Ten of the islands are occupied, and there are twenty-two uninhabited islands, some little more than sand spits. There is one large town, Tuoji Town (砣矶镇, population 8,495) and seven smaller towns with forty villages, with a total population in the county of 52,000.
The major occupation is marine farming, producing products such as sea cucumbers, abalone, sea urchins, bivalves, kelp, scallops, and even fish. Tourism is also important; many of the villages sport resort hotels.
The islands are regularly served by both a passenger and vehicle Roll On, Roll Off ferry from Penglai. There is a small military airport on the largest island, Changdao Island.
Both Changdao National Forest Park and Changdao National Nature Reserve are located on the islands, which are on a cross-Bohai Sea flyway.
Temple Island (庙岛; 廟島; Miàodǎo) got its name from the large number of temples that were built there. Xianying Palace is a temple that was built during the Northern Song Dynasty, starting in 1122. It was originally a Taoist temple to the sea goddess Matsu, but became Buddhist later. At the present time the local government has restored the temple to its Ming Dynasty appearance, although many additions had been made during the Qing.