Changes (Justin Bieber album)

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Changes
Justin Bieber - Changes.png
Studio album by
ReleasedFebruary 14, 2020
Studio
Genre
Length47:56
Label
Producer
Justin Bieber chronology
Purpose
(2015)
Changes
(2020)
Justice
(2021)
Singles from Changes
  1. "Yummy"
    Released: January 3, 2020
  2. "Intentions"
    Released: February 7, 2020

Changes is the fifth studio album by Canadian singer Justin Bieber.[1] It was released through Def Jam Recordings and RBMG on February 14, 2020. The album features guest appearances from Quavo, Post Malone, Clever, Lil Dicky, Travis Scott, Kehlani, and Summer Walker. The production was handled by Poo Bear on every track, Sasha Sirota, Tainy, Josh Gudwin, the Audibles, Kid Culture, Harv, Pierre, Laxcity, Boi-1da, Vinylz, CVRE, Jahaan Sweet, Philip Beaudreau, Tom Strahle, the Messengers, Sons of Sonix, and Joshua Williams. It was released on Valentine's Day and serves as the follow-up to Bieber's previous album, Purpose (2015).[2] Changes is a pop, R&B, electro-R&B, and trap album.[3][4][5][6]

Changes was supported by two singles. "Yummy" was released as the lead single on January 3, 2020. "Get Me", which features Kehlani, was released as the sole promotional single. "Intentions", which features Quavo, was released as the second single on February 7, 2020. On January 28, 2020. For additional promotion of the album, Bieber's 10-episode docu-series, Justin Bieber: Seasons premiered on January 27, 2020. The series was described as an in-depth look on his musical creation process.[7] On February 8, 2020, Bieber performed his first Saturday Night Live performance in seven years.

The album debuted atop the U.S. Billboard 200 chart, selling 231,000 album-equivalent units within its first week, which was considerably less than the first-week sales of Purpose (2015), which moved 649,000 units.[8] Bieber released a series of dance videos for each of the tracks on the album, titled "Changes: The Movement". The singer's 2021 Changes album tour was canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Bieber later embarked on the Justice World Tour to promote Changes and its successor, Justice (2021). The album received mixed reviews from music critics, many of whom favored Bieber's vocal performance and certain production elements, but criticized the album's lyricism and the lack of variation between tracks. At the 63rd Grammy Awards, Changes was nominated for Best Pop Vocal Album, whilst "Yummy" was nominated for Best Pop Solo Performance.[9] It has since been certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).[10]

Background[edit]

At the 2019 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival, Bieber joined American singer Ariana Grande on stage to perform his 2015 single, "Sorry", which he then announced that a new album was coming soon. On October 27, 2019, Bieber announced that he would release his upcoming album before Christmas if his Instagram post reached 20 million likes;[11] however, it failed to do so. The post has since been deleted and the release was consequently postponed.[12]

Songs[edit]

Changes kicks off with the opening track, "All Around Me", which sees Bieber using metaphors to profess his love for his wife, Hailey Bieber, singing, "Anything's possible since you made my heart melt / Gave me the best hand that I'd ever been dealt". On the next track, "Habitual", Bieber describes unconditional love. "Come Around Me" features lyrics about getting sexual with his significant other. The fourth track, "Intentions" sees Bieber and featured artist Quavo give compliments to their love interests. The fifth track, "Yummy" is another sex-driven track that also details how attractive his wife is. On "Available", Bieber compares to the "soft-boy" style of Drake, asking when she is available for him. The title track features Bieber sing about how human beings go through changes on a regular basis and how his changes have affected him, while delivering a short outro that features him praising God.[13]

Release and promotion[edit]

The lead single of the album, "Yummy", was released on January 3, 2020, and peaked within the top 10 in numerous countries, debuting at number two on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in the United States. It was remixed a month later on February 3, 2020, with American singer Summer Walker.[14] The album title along with its cover were revealed on January 28, 2020. The announcement was accompanied by the release of the promotional single "Get Me", featuring American singer Kehlani.[15] The second official single, "Intentions", featuring American rapper Quavo, was released on February 7, 2020.[16]

On February 8, 2020, Bieber performed his first Saturday Night Live performance in seven years. He was introduced by the host RuPaul, before performing "Yummy" and "Intentions", with Quavo there to perform his verse in "Intentions".[17]

Justin Bieber: Seasons[edit]

The 10-episode docu-series, Justin Bieber: Seasons premiered on January 27, 2020, sharing insights about his personal struggles including battling with health issues and overcoming drug addiction while detailing his return to music after cancelling the American stadium leg of his Purpose World Tour in 2017.[18][19] The series was described as an in-depth look on his musical creation process.[7]

Justice World Tour[edit]

The album was originally going to be supported by the Changes Tour. The tour was scheduled to begin on May 14, 2020, in Seattle at CenturyLink Field,[20] but on April 1, 2020, it was announced that the tour would be postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[21] On July 23, 2020, Bieber announced rescheduled dates for the then called "Justin Bieber World Tour" slated for 2021, starting on June 2, 2021, in San Diego at Pechanga Arena.[22] On May 6, 2021, Bieber announced rescheduled dates for the tour, now called "Justice World Tour". Bieber will hit the road on February 18, 2022, at Pechanga Arena in San Diego.[23]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
SourceRating
AnyDecentMusic?5.5/10[24]
Metacritic57/100[25]
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic[5]
Clash5/10[26]
Evening Standard[27]
The Guardian[4]
The Independent[28]
NME[29]
Pitchfork4.5/10[30]
Rolling Stone[31]
Sputnikmusic3/5[32]
The Times[33]

Though Bieber's vocal performance on the album was praised, many criticized its repetitive tone and lyrical content. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream publications, the album received an average score of 57, based on sixteen reviews, indicating "mixed or average reviews".[34]

Rolling Stone listed it among the worst albums of 2020, saying that "Minus “Intentions”, the album is pure filler", saying that it's "so low quality and lacking any inspiration".[35] Writing for AllMusic, Andy Kellman gave the "R&B-pop" album an overall positive review, particularly commending Bieber's vocal skills, describing his falsetto pleas as "neither bitter nor entitled, strictly genuine and adult".[5] Mikael Wood of the Los Angeles Times defined the album as "a low-key set of gentle electro-R&B jams that depicts his relationship with Hailey Baldwin, as a refuge from the unkind world he's still not quite ready to reenter". Noting the trap beats prevalent in the album, Wood commented that "the sprinkling of on-trend trap drums indicate he's [Bieber is] thinking about it, as do streaming-bait guest spots by Post Malone and Travis Scott".[3] Variety's Jeremy Helligar wrote that Bieber "never sounded better, or more in love, but the nonstop bedroom romanticism doesn't leave much room for exploring demons or expressing joy", expanding that Bieber's voice and the production are "flawless", and "his soul is in the right place", but there's "something airless about the album, too, like he could have left the window open a crack to let some sunshine in". Helligar compared the sonic cohesiveness of Changes to that of Ariana Grande's fifth studio album, Thank U, Next (2019).[36]

Rating the album two stars, Rolling Stone's Brittany Spanos defined Changes as a "one-note toast to marital happiness" that is "sweet and tender, but ultimately shallow", stating that the tracks "are not bad, exactly, but they're almost universally forgettable, with little of the catchiness that's been Bieber's hallmark in the past". Spanos called the album as the "honeymoon phase in R&Bieber form", thus "sweet, uncomplicated, and maybe just a bit hard to imagine lasting forever", with Bieber's "charming malleability as an artist" missing. She added that the album is devoid of the "dangerous eroticism" of Bieber's 2013 project, Journals.[37] Insider's Courteney Larocca and Callie Ahlgrim were favourable towards Bieber's "pristine" vocal performance, but dismissed the "subpar" lyrics, concluding Changes is "ultimately a snooze fest". They pointed out "Habitual" as "easily the best track" on the album, while "All Around Me" is "underwhelming" as the opening track.[38] Emma Garland of Vice commented: "Each track is built on a simple hook or a looping beat, in favor of subtle melodies and lots of repetition, that laid back pace gives his voice room to luxuriate, but the songs often fall flat", with "no tension, no build". She highlighted the "formulaic arrangements and wandering melodies", which struggle "to hit home in a major way", like Purpose did.[39]

In a two-star review, Roisin O'Connor of The Independent stated that Changes "isn't so much an album that would rile you to the point of turning it off. Rather, it washes over you, with its mostly average beats and seemingly random cluster of guest features", adding that it is "full of vague platitudes about love from a singer who has yet to grow up". O'Connor concluded that Bieber "hasn't come all that far" since the days of "Baby", as "a number of songs about his new wife Hailey Baldwin are so uninspired that he may as well be declaring his love for a household appliance".[28] Rating the album two stars, Hannah Mylrea of NME wrote that Bieber's "limp comeback" results in a collection of "a knackering, loved-up slog lacking substance", that is "overly reliant on trendy production and profound(ish) romantic proclamations". She added that it is "a disappointing comeback from an artist who has a track record in creating hits", as it is "one romp that never reaches climax".[29] Evening Standard's David Smyth expressed his disappointment in the album's subject matter, but complimented its production: "In fact, so single-minded is his [Bieber] approach this time that it feels like she's [Baldwin] his only intended audience", and thus Bieber's audience at his tour "are going to be underwhelmed by the unchanging, lounging pace of the new material, gently ticking beats and lack of memorable choruses".[27]

Rating the album a 4.5 out of 10, Jayson Greene of Pitchfork wrote that "Changes settles into a middle-distance, stream-friendly murmur that is more sleepy than salacious", adding that its songs "are all cold angles and frictionless surfaces, devoid of intimacy and heat". He pointed out that "nearly every song on Changes resembles every other in tempo, arrangement, and often in lyrics, which seem to be sourced from the same 10 or 15 pastel candy hearts".[40] Writing for Clash, Nick Roseblade opined that the main problem with Changes is that "it isn't exciting or dynamic and suffers from dragging in places", citing the "lack of variation" on the album, as a reason.[41]

In June 2020, Billboard named Changes as one of "The 50 best albums of 2020 (So Far)".[42]

Commercial performance[edit]

Changes debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 with 231,000 album-equivalent units, including 126,000 pure album sales in its first week. It is Bieber's seventh US number-one album. Bieber became the youngest soloist to have seven US number-one albums at the age of 25 with the record being previously held by Elvis Presley at the age of 26. The album's tracks earned a total of 135 million on-demand US streams in its first week.[43] In its second week, the album dropped to number four on the chart, earning an additional 66,000 units.[44] In its third week, the album dropped to number six on the chart, earning 62,000 units.[45]

It additionally debuted atop the Canadian Albums Chart as well as the UK Albums Chart, where it became Bieber's second number-one album.[46][47]

According to the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI), Changes was the 8th best selling album of 2020 globally.[48] Aided by Changes, Bieber placed at number nine on the 2020s top global artists list by IFPI.[49]

Track listing[edit]

Changes track listing
No.TitleWriter(s)Producer(s)Length
1."All Around Me"
2:16
2."Habitual"
2:48
3."Come Around Me"
3:20
4."Intentions" (featuring Quavo)
  • Poo Bear
  • The Audibles
3:32
5."Yummy"
  • Bieber
  • J. Boyd
  • Sirota
  • Daniel Hackett
  • Ashley Boyd
  • Poo Bear
  • Sirota
  • Kid Culture
3:28
6."Available"
3:15
7."Forever" (featuring Post Malone and Clever)
  • Poo Bear
  • Harv
3:39
8."Running Over" (featuring Lil Dicky)
  • Poo Bear
  • The Audibles
  • Laxcity
2:59
9."Take It Out on Me"
  • Poo Bear
  • Kid Culture
2:58
10."Second Emotion" (featuring Travis Scott)
  • Poo Bear
  • The Audibles
3:22
11."Get Me" (featuring Kehlani)
3:05
12."E.T.A."
  • Bieber
  • J. Boyd
  • Gudwin
  • Philip Beaudreau
  • Tom Strahle
  • Poo Bear
  • Gudwin
  • Beaudreau
  • Strahle
2:56
13."Changes"2:15
14."Confirmation"
  • Bieber
  • J. Boyd
  • Moses Samuels
  • Olaniyi Akinkunmi
  • Poo Bear
  • Sons of Sonix
2:50
15."That's What Love Is"
  • Bieber
  • J. Boyd
  • Sirota
  • Courtney Sills
  • Poo Bear
  • Sirota
2:45
16."At Least for Now"
  • Bieber
  • J. Boyd
  • Harvey
  • Joshua Williams
  • Poo Bear
  • Harv
  • Williams
2:29
17."Yummy" (Summer Walker Remix) (with Summer Walker)
  • Bieber
  • Walker
  • J. Boyd
  • Sirota
  • Hackett
  • A. Boyd
  • Poo Bear
  • Sirota
  • Kid Culture
3:29
Total length:47:56
Japan deluxe edition bonus DVD[50]
No.TitleDirector(s)Length
1."Yummy" (music video)Bardia Zeinali3:50
2."Yummy" (lyric video)
  • Arben Vllasaliu
  • Nathan Flanagan-Frankl
3:23
Total length:7:13

Notes

  • ^[a] signifies an additional producer

Sample credits

Personnel[edit]

Performers and vocals[edit]

  • Justin Bieber – vocals
  • Sasha Sirota – guitar (tracks 1, 15)
  • Jason 'Poo Bear' Boyd – background vocals (tracks 2–4, 6)
  • Marco 'Tainy' Masís – drums, keyboards, bass (track 2)
  • Quavo – vocals (track 4)
  • Post Malone – vocals (track 7)
  • Clever – vocals (track 7)
  • Bernard Harvey – keyboards (tracks 7, 16), bass (track 16)
  • Lil Dicky – vocals (track 8)
  • Daniel Hackett – keyboards (track 9)
  • Travis Scott – vocals (track 10)
  • Kehlani – vocals (track 11)
  • Jun Ha Kim – bass, keyboards, guitar (track 11)
  • Phil Beaudreau – drum programming, bass, keyboards, background vocals (track 12)
  • Tom Strahle – guitar (track 12)
  • Nasri Atweh – guitar (track 13)
  • Moses Samuels – keyboards (track 14)
  • Summer Walker – vocals (track 17)

Technical[edit]

  • Justin Bieber – executive production
  • Scooter Braun – executive production
  • Jason 'Poo Bear' Boyd – co-executive production, vocal production (track 11)
  • Josh Gudwin – co-executive production, vocal production
  • Colin Leonard – mastering
  • Josh Gudwin – engineering, mixing
  • Chris 'Tek' O'Ryan – engineering
  • Chenao Wang – assistant engineer (tracks 1–3, 5, 7, 12, 13, 15, 17)
  • Kory Welty – additional engineering (track 2)
  • Elijah Marrett-Hitch – mixing assistant (tracks 5, 17)
  • Louis Bell – Post Malone vocals recording (track 7)
  • Louis Bell – Post Malone vocal production (track 7)
  • David Burd – Lil Dicky vocals recording (track 8)
  • Mark Parfitt – Kehlani vocals recording (track 11)
  • Phil Beaudreau – engineering (track 12)
  • Summer Walker – vocals recording (track 17)
  • Kendall Roark Bailey – vocals recording, mixing (track 17)

Design[edit]

  • Jessica Severn – design and packaging
  • Chris Shelley – design and packaging
  • Buff Monsterlettering
  • Joe Termini – photography
  • Jennifer Beal – package production
  • Andy Proctor – package production

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Sales certifications for Changes
Region Certification Certified units/sales
Canada (Music Canada)[96] Gold 40,000double-dagger
Denmark (IFPI Danmark)[97] Platinum 20,000double-dagger
New Zealand (RMNZ)[98] Gold 7,500double-dagger
Norway (IFPI Norway)[99] Gold 10,000*
Singapore (RIAS)[100] Gold 5,000*
United Kingdom (BPI)[101] Silver 60,000double-dagger
United States (RIAA)[102] Platinum 1,000,000double-dagger
Summaries
Worldwide (IFPI) 1,200,000[103]

* Sales figures based on certification alone.
double-dagger Sales+streaming figures based on certification alone.

Release history[edit]

Release formats for Changes
Country Date Format Label Ref.
Various February 14, 2020 Def Jam [104]
March 13, 2020 [105][106]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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