Changhe Z-11

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Changhe Z-11WB, Zhuhai-Jinwan 4th November 2016 (31829381252).jpg
A Changhe Z-11WB on display at the 2016 China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition.
Role Light utility helicopter
National origin China
Manufacturer Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation
First flight 22 December 1994
Introduction September 1998
Status Active, In production
Primary user People's Liberation Army Ground Force
Produced 1994-present
Developed from Eurocopter AS350 Écureuil

The Changhe Z-11 is a light utility helicopter developed by Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation (CAIC). According to the Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation website, it is claimed to be the first indigenously-designed helicopter in China. It is based on the Eurocopter AS350 Écureuil however.[1] The Z-11 project started in 1989 and the first flight was made in Dec 1994. In Oct 2000, test flights of Z-11 were completed. The chief designer of Z-11 is Mr. Wu Ximing (吴希明), who is also the chief designer of three other Chinese helicopters, including the WZ-10. Under Mr. Wu, the Z-11 became the first Chinese helicopter to be completely designed by CAD/CAM.[2]


  • Z-11J military version of the Z-11
  • Z-11W armed military version of the Z-11 (battlefield surveillance and reconnaissance, ground attack, and medical evacuation roles)
  • Z-11WA – scout version
  • Z11MB1 – with French Arriel 2B1A engine
  • Z-11ME1
  • CZ11W – The CZ11W is a light attack helicopter variation. It is powered by one WZ8D or ARRIEL 2B1A turboshaft engine and is equipped with integrated avionics systems, antitank missiles, rockets and machine guns. The helicopter is fitted with a targeting sensor turret, and can carry four Chinese HJ-8 antitank missiles.[3]
  • Z-11WB: New attack/reconnaissance variant based on the AC-311 with a new EO ball, redesigned cockpit, SW-6 UAV, and pylons for weapons. Its roles include ground support, attack, battlefield reconnaissance, command, counter-terrorism, counter-narcotics, counter-smuggling, and other tasks.[4][5]


Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 2003–2004[6]

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Capacity: six
  • Length: 11.24 m[7] (36 ft 10¾ in)
  • Rotor diameter: 10.7 m (35 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 3.14 m (10 ft 3½ in)
  • Disc area: 89.8 m² (966 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,120 kg (2,469 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 2,200 kg (4,850 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × WZ-8D turboshaft, 510 kW (684 shp)



  • Guns: CS/LM12, LG3 40mm automatic grenade launcher, gun pods
  • Air-to-surface missiles: TL-2, AG-300/M, CM-502KG, BA-7, HJ-8
  • Air-to-air missiles: TY-90
  • Bombs: FT-9, YZ-212D

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era


  1. ^ Global Security - Z-11 light military transport helicopter, article retrieved 26 October 2013.
  2. ^ [Computer-aided manufacturing CAD/CAM for Z-11]
  3. ^ "Z-11 helicopter variations -". Archived from the original on 2011-09-09. Retrieved 2011-09-12.
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ Jackson 2003, pp. 78–79.
  7. ^ Fuselage length
  8. ^
  • Jackson, Paul. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 2003–2004. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Information Group, 2003. ISBN 0 7106 2537 5.

External links[edit]